唐代 作者列表
李隆基李世民李治李显李旦
李亨李适李昂李忱李晔
李豫李渊李重茂李诵李纯
李恒李湛李瀍李漼李儇
唐哀帝沈法兴李子通刘黑闼王摩沙
李漼
Li Cui
唐代  (833年873年)
网笔号: 昭圣恭惠孝皇帝
庙号: 懿宗
陵墓: 简陵
开端终结
在位859年873年
咸通860年十一月874年十一月
  唐懿宗,名为李漼,(859年—873年在位),初名温,汉族,唐朝第十七位皇帝唐宣宗长子。母元昭皇太后晁氏。始封郓王。宣宗爱夔王滋,欲立为皇太子,而郓王长,故久不决。大中十三年八月,宣宗疾大渐,以夔王属内枢密使王归长、马公儒、宣徽南院使王居方等。而左神策护军中尉王宗实、副使丌元实矫诏立郓王为皇太子。癸巳,宣宗病死后,被宦官迎立为帝,是为唐懿宗,改元“咸通”。在位14年,终年41岁。曾用年号:大中、咸通;死後葬后简陵,谥号昭圣恭惠孝皇帝。
  
  生平
  唐懿宗是唐朝最后一个以长子即位而且是最后一个在长安平安度过帝王生涯的皇帝。然而,懿宗在位15年,骄奢淫逸侏儒俑,不思进取,宠信宦官,迎奉佛骨,面对内忧不知其危,遭遇外患不觉其难,把宣宗在位期间重新点燃起来的一点希望之光彻底熄灭了。
  大中十四年(860),即懿宗即位的第二年,二月安葬了宣宗,十一月改元为咸通。使用这一年号,据说是因为宣宗所作的一首曲子中有“海岳晏咸通”的句子。懿宗改元时记得他的父皇,但君临天下以来的言行举止却几乎看不到宣宗的影子。咸通之政与大中之政相比也是相距遥遥,不可以道里计。《新唐书》的作者说懿宗是“以昏庸相继”,正是对他的综合评价。
  沉湎游乐——懿宗在位期间,对宴会、乐舞和游玩的兴致远远高出国家政事,对上朝的热情明显不如饮酒作乐。懿宗在宫中,每日一小宴,三日一大宴,每个月在宫里总要大摆宴席十几次,奇珍异宝,花样繁多。除了饮酒,就是观看乐工优伶演出,他一天也不能不听音乐,就是外出到四周游幸,也会带上这些人。懿宗宫中供养的乐工有500人之多,只要他高兴,就会对这些人大加赏赐,动不动就是上千贯钱。他在宫中腻烦了,就随时到长安郊外的行宫别馆。由于他来去不定,行宫负责接待的官员随时都要备好食宿,音乐自然也不能缺少。那些需要陪同出行的亲王,也常常要备好坐骑,以备懿宗随时可能招呼他们外出,搞得大家苦不堪言。《资治通鉴》中说,懿宗每次出行,宫廷内外的扈从多达十余万人,费用开支之大难以计算,这成为国家财政的一项沉重负担。对于懿宗的“游宴无节”,担任谏官的左拾遗刘蜕提出劝谏,希望皇上能够以国是为重,向天下展示出体恤边将、关怀臣民的姿态,减少娱乐。对此,他根本听不进去。咸通四年(863)二月,懿宗竟将高祖献陵以下到宣宗贞陵十六座帝陵统统拜了一遍。司马光说:“拜十六陵,非一日可了。”唐朝皇帝陵墓坐落在关中渭北高原上,1986年春天,笔者因隋唐考古学课业随师门高谊乘坐专车考察关中唐帝十八陵(个别陵还没有到),还足足用了近两周,古时没有现代化的交通工具,还要带上众多的随从、祭祀物品,必定不是三两天可以来回的。游乐和歌舞,成为懿宗日常生活中不可或缺的内容。在他的表率作用下,整个官场也都弥漫着穷奢极欲、醉生梦死的风气,晚唐著名诗人韦庄诗中有“咸通时代物情奢”的说法,他所咏“瑶池宴罢归来醉,笑说君王在月宫”,正是对这一世态最好的描绘。
  任相不明——懿宗即位之初罢免了令狐绹,改任了白敏中。白敏中是前朝老臣,但在入朝时不慎摔伤,一直卧病在床无法办公。他三次上表请求辞职,懿宗都不批准。白敏中有病,正中下怀,懿宗可以借故不理朝政,和其他的宰相朝会讨论政事也是敷衍了事,他心思根本不在这里。所以有位担任右补阙的谏官王谱说:“白敏中自正月卧病,已有四个月了。陛下虽然也和其他的宰相坐语,但未尝有到三刻(古代一昼夜为一百刻)的。这样,陛下那有闲暇和宰相讨论天下大事呢?”这番话使懿宗很不舒服,竟把王谱贬出朝廷去任了个县令。负责行使封驳权力的给事中认为王谱是谏官,论事不应当贬斥,就按照唐朝的制度退回了这一命令,没有下发。懿宗就将此事交给宰相复议,那些宰相不顾国家体制,认为王谱不仅是对皇上劝谏,也涉及到宰相白敏中,竟然同意把王谱贬职。
  懿宗在位期间,一共任用了21位宰相:令狐绹、白敏中、萧邺、夏侯孜、蒋伸、杜审权、杜悰、毕 、杨收、曹确、高璩、萧寘、徐商、路岩、于琮、韦保衡、王铎、刘邺、赵隐、萧仿、崔彦昭。由于懿宗自己对政事兴致不高,宰相的事务性权力还是很大,本可以发挥很大的作用,问题是大多数宰相不是碌碌无为者,就是爱财如命、为人不堪之辈。双耳提梁银锅
  像咸通初任宰相的杜悰,是德宗朝宰相杜佑之孙、宪宗的驸马,本人并不具备实际才干,尸位素餐,人送外号“秃角犀”。咸通五年任相的路岩拉帮结派,招纳贿赂,奢肆不法,还把政事委托给亲信属下小吏边咸。一个叫陈蟠叟的官员向懿宗报告说,如抄了边咸家,可佐助国家两年的军费,被懿宗痛斥了一番,从此更是无人敢言。路岩和稍后任相的驸马都尉韦保衡沆瀣一气,二人“势动天下”,当时人称他们为“牛头阿旁”,意思是像厉鬼一样“阴恶可畏”。懿宗朝的宰相贪污腐化相当严重,长安城中的居民把其中的曹确、杨收、徐商、路岩等几个宰相的姓名编了一首歌谣说:确确无论事,钱财总被收。商人都不管,货赂(路)几时休?
  懿宗朝的这些宰相,毫无大臣风范,更加重了唐王朝的统治危机。
  不惜官赏——与宣宗爱惜官赏不轻易授人不同,懿宗对于官赏毫不在乎。他赏人官职、赐人钱财,常常是兴之所至、随心所欲。伶官李可及,善音律,尤能转喉为新声,音辞宛转曲折,听者忘倦,京师市井商贾屠夫像追星一般模仿他,呼为“拍弹”。懿宗爱女同昌公主死后,他谱写了《叹百年舞曲》,词语凄恻,闻者涕流,使皇帝的思念之情深受抚慰。懿宗因此很宠爱他,把他封为威卫将军。授以伶官朝廷官职,这是唐朝从没有的先例。太宗时对工商杂色之流的任职做了严格限制,对这些人仅限于赏赐财物,从来不准超授官秩。文宗时想授予一个乐官王府率的职务,也因为遭到谏官的强烈反对而改授为地方州政府的长史。懿宗授予李可及朝廷官职,宰相也提出过意见,但是他根本不听。李可及的儿子娶妻,懿宗赐他二银樽酒,其实里面不是酒,而是“金翠”。另外,科举取士是唐朝以来最为士子看重的入仕之途,尤其是进士科在唐朝享有崇高的声誉,所以唐人有所谓“三十老明经,五十少进士”之说。本来是每年春天由礼部负责考试选拔,懿宗的亲信则不需要参加礼部考试,直接以“特敕赐及第”的方式被授予进士出身。在殿试还没有像赵宋时期已经制度化的唐朝时期,这一做法显然是出于懿宗个人的爱憎。皇帝的敕书代替了礼部的金榜,君主成为赐进士及第者的座主,因为皇帝的恩崇而“登龙门”,所谓“禁门就是龙门,圣主永为座主”,在懿宗时期成为人们嘲讽的话题。
  爱慕虚荣——懿宗是一个极端爱慕虚荣、好大喜功的皇帝,这从他尊号的数字之多就可以看出。尊号,就是为了表功名德,每逢皇帝加尊号,一定要举行隆重的仪式,要向全国颁布诏书,同时举行大赦。咸通三年正月群臣给懿宗上了“睿文明圣孝德皇帝”的尊号,但是他感觉还不满足,到咸通十二年正月,再上了12字的尊号:睿文英武明德至仁大圣广孝皇帝。唐朝的皇帝中,高祖、太宗都没有在活着的时候加尊号,此后皇帝上尊号基本上都是4字或者6字,有的达到8字或者10字。玄宗曾给自己加了“开元天地大宝圣文神武孝德证道皇帝”14字的尊号,并给列祖列宗一律追加了尊号。后来武宗也有14字尊号:仁圣文武章天成功神德明道大孝皇帝。肃宗时群臣加尊号“乾元大圣光天文武孝感皇帝”,但他在上元二年(761)九月二十一日下诏去掉了“乾元大圣光天文武孝感”10字的尊号,只称“皇帝”。后来宪宗的尊号也是10字:元和圣文神武法天应道皇帝。可以看出,懿宗的尊号字数几乎可以赶上玄宗和武宗,但是就政绩或者治国才干而言,不要说无法与玄宗同日而语,就是武宗他也比不上。
  亲信公主——懿宗对待宗室亲属的态度,从对同昌公主的溺爱就可见出他与宣宗严格要求宗室的情况明显不同。同昌公主是他宠爱的郭淑妃所生,选韦保衡为驸马。公主下嫁之日,懿宗倾宫中珍玩以为资送,他还在京师的广化里赐给公主一处宅院,门窗均用杂宝装饰,井栏、药臼、槽柜等都是金银制作,连笊篱箕筐都是用金缕编织而成。床用水晶、玳瑁、琉璃等制作,床腿的支架雕饰也是金龟银鹿,其他如鹧鸪枕、翡翠匣、神丝绣被、玉如意、瑟瑟幙、纹布巾、火蚕绵、九玉钗等均来自异域。另外赐钱500万贯,其他的金银珠宝不计其数。同昌公主家有一种“澄水帛”,长约八九尺,似布又比布细,色亮透明,光可照人。夏日炎炎的时候将其挂在房子里,满座皆觉凉爽,暑气全无。据说澄水帛中有龙涎,故能消暑。同昌公主用红琉璃盘,盛夜光珠,家里晚上光明如昼,驸马家里人晚上玩叶子戏,丝毫不受影响。公主出嫁的第二年,不幸染病,不治身亡。懿宗迁怒医官用药无效,将其中两人处死,还把他们满门都下到大牢。一时间朝野议论纷纷,宰相刘瞻希望谏官能上疏进谏,但谏官迫于皇帝的淫威,无人敢于火上浇油、引祸上身。刘瞻无奈,只好自己上疏替医官辩护。果然,懿宗大怒,立即罢了刘瞻的相职,同时,还把与刘瞻关系密切的朝廷官员数人贬斥到岭南。懿宗为公主举行了隆重的葬礼,陪葬用的衣服玩具,与生人无异,又用木料雕刻了数座殿堂,陪葬的陶俑和其他随葬品一应俱全,龙凤花木、人畜之众,不可胜计。发丧出葬长安东郊那天,懿宗与淑妃亲御延兴门送行并恸哭,又出内库各数尺高的咸通九年(868)刻印的《金刚经》卷子金骆驼、凤凰、麒麟,以为仪仗。场面宏大,京城士庶都停业观看,送葬的队伍长达20余里。懿宗又赐给送葬的役夫100斛酒和30头骆驼满驮二尺宽的大饼,作为饭食。懿宗不顾国家对待公主的礼制,随心所欲,对内忧外患则全然不放在心上,一个昏君的嘴脸暴露无遗。
  崇佞佛教——武宗灭佛以后,佛教势力受到沉重打击。宣宗即位后,又陆续恢复了寺院。到懿宗时期,佛教势力又迅速发展起来。他本人沉溺其中,广建佛寺,大造佛像,布施钱财无数。在懿宗的倡导下,大规模的法会道场空前兴盛,长安佛寺中的经声佛号又开始响彻捧真身菩萨
  起来。佛经的大量需求刺激了印刷术的发达,现存世界上最早的印刷品之一就是咸通九年(868)刻印的《金刚经》卷子,今藏于伦敦大英博物馆。现存国内最早的印刷品,也是佛家的“陀罗尼经咒”。从法门寺地宫发现的“捧真身菩萨”和“银金花双轮十二环锡仗”等,也是敕造于咸通年间的精美文物。懿宗崇佞佛教的高潮是继宪宗之后又一次举行了大规模的崇佛活动——法门寺迎奉佛骨。
  咸通十四年(873)三月,懿宗安排迎奉佛骨的诏书一下,立即招致群臣的劝谏。大臣们一致的理由是此举劳民伤财,而且有宪宗迎奉佛骨之后暴死的前车之鉴,均认为此举不祥。懿宗对此充耳不闻,他对大臣们讲:“朕能活着见到佛骨,就是死了也没有什么可以遗憾了!”这次迎奉佛骨的规模,比起宪宗时期是有过之而无不及。从京师到法门寺沿途之上,禁军和兵仗绵延数十里,场面之壮观,远远超出皇帝主持的祭天大典。四月八日,佛骨舍利迎入京城,在宫中供奉三天后,懿宗允许送到京城的寺院让百姓瞻仰。虔诚的信众不惜点燃自己的手臂或者在头顶上燃香奉礼,富豪之家则举行法会,不惜花费巨资,他们甚至以水银为池,以金玉为树,招集高僧大德,又请来戏班子载歌载舞。宰相以下朝廷百官也竞相施舍金帛,数量相当可观。这次迎奉佛骨持续了相当长的时间,直到僖宗即位后才把佛骨送归法门寺。
  懿宗如此坚决地迎奉佛骨真身舍利,用他自己的话说是“为百姓祈福”,实际上他是为给自己带来福气,是为了“圣寿万春”,也就是为自己祈求平安。具有讽刺意味的是,佛骨真身舍利并没有给这个倒行逆施的皇帝带来福荫。佛骨迎入京师后的当年六月,懿宗又一次病重。七月十六日,懿宗就已经“疾大渐”,到了无力回天的地步。难怪旧时史家有人评价说:“佛骨才入于应门,龙已泣于苍野。”意思是说懿宗迎奉的佛骨刚刚进门,载着他灵柩的丧车就已伴着众人的哭泣到了墓地。
  咸通十四年(873)七月十九日,41岁的懿宗在咸宁殿结束了他骄奢淫逸的一生。第二年二月,被安葬在简陵(位于今陕西富平)。这时大唐帝国末世的挽歌已是隐约可闻了。
  
  后妃子女
  皇后
  惠安王皇后,生唐僖宗。
  恭宪王皇后,生唐昭宗。
  妃嫔
  淑妃郭氏,郭淑妃生同昌公主。
  德妃王氏,韩国夫人王氏追赠德妃,王德妃生昌宁公主三人。
  子
  唐僖宗,母惠安皇后王氏。
  唐昭宗,母恭宪皇后王氏。
  李佾,咸通三年封魏王。
  李侹,咸通三年封凉王,乾符六年薨。
  李佶,咸通三年封蜀王。
  李偘,咸通六年封郢王,十年封威王。
  李保,咸通十三年封吉王,与睦王同封。王于兄弟为最贤。当初,唐僖宗逝世,王最长,将立之,杨复恭独议以昭宗嗣。乾宁元年,李茂贞等以兵入京师,谋废帝立王,会李克用以兵逐行瑜,乃止。
  恭哀太子李倚,初封睦王。李倚为刘季述所杀,天复初年追赠。
  女
  卫国文懿公主,郭淑妃所生。始封同昌公主。下嫁韦保衡。咸通十年薨。帝既素所爱,自制挽歌,群臣毕和。又许百官祭以金贝、寓车、廞服,火之,民争取煨以汰宝。及葬,帝与妃坐延兴门,哭以过柩,仗卫弥数十里,冶金为俑,怪宝千计实墓中,与乳保同葬。追封及谥。
  安化公主。
  普康公主,早夭。
  昌元公主,薨咸通时。
  昌宁公主,母王德妃。
  金华公主。
  仁寿公主。
  永寿公主。
  遂宁公主,第十一女。
  注:遂宁公主《新唐书·公主传》漏载。陆心源编辑《唐文拾遗》卷三四,崔致远《贺封公主表》(此书附载于《全唐文》):“臣某言:臣得进奏院状报,奉去年十月十四日敕旨,皇帝第十一妹封遂宁公主。长女封唐兴公主。次女封永平公主。”据《新唐书·公主传》,唐兴公主和永平公主均为僖宗之女,则遂宁公主为僖宗之妹,懿宗之女。


  Tang Yizong is the eldest son of the Tang dynasty to the throne and the last is the last emperor in Chang'an safely career of the emperor. However, Yizong reign of 15 years, extravagance and dissipation dwarf figurines, inert, favor eunuch, welcome Fengfo bone, I do not know the danger facing internal problems, its hard to face foreign threats and unknowingly, to fire up again during the reign of Emperor Xuan Zong's little hope of light goes out completely.
  Indulge in pleasure - Yizong reign of the banquet, dance and play the mood is far higher than the national political affairs, on towards a passion for significantly less drinking merry. Yizong in the palace, a small feast day, three days a banquet, a monthly total in the palace a dozen times to a large banquet, valuables, numerous. In addition to drinking, that is, watching musicians perform Actors, he one day can not listen to music, is lucky to go out to all around, will bring them. Yizong palace to support the musicians there are 500 people, as long as he pleased, will add to these NPC reward, that is thousands of consistent money at every turn. He was bored in the palace, and on the outskirts of Chang'an palace at any time to other museum. Come and go because of his uncertainty, palace officials in charge of reception room and board at any time to be ready, not lack of natural music. Those who need to travel, accompanied by the Prince, and are often ready to mount, at any time in preparation Yizong may call them out, and made everyone miserable. "Mirror" said Yizong time travel, both within and outside the palace retinue as many as ten million people, large expenses is difficult to calculate, this became a heavy burden on state finances. For Yizong's "Banquet no Festival", as Jianguan Zuoshi Yi Liu profile and make remonstrate, hope the emperor can state as the most important, to demonstrate the compassionate side of the world, caring attitude of subjects to reduce the entertainment. In this regard, he did not listen. Northern Sung Painting four years (863) in February, Yizong describing the following to the high Zuxian Ling Ling 16 Emperor Xuan Zongzhen all worship it again. Sima Guang, said: "Thanks 16 Ling, a day can be a." Tang emperors tomb is located in the Guanzhong Weibei plateau, spring 1986, the author with the teacher because of the Sui and Tang academic archaeologists take the car doors inspected and highly relevant in the Tang Emperor 18 Ling (Ling individual not to), also spent nearly a full two weeks, the ancient no modern means of transport, but also bring a large number of followers, ritual items, not the 32 days will be back and forth. Recreation and Dance, as an integral component of daily life Yizong. Under his exemplary role, the official also filled with extravagant, dream life of culture, the famous poet and Wei Tang poem "love extravagant things Northern Sung Painting era," saying he Chant "Yao Chi Yan strike back drunk , laughed the King in the Moon "is the best description of this I of state.
  Either with unknown - came to the throne at the beginning Yizong dismissed Linghu Tao, he was named in the White Min. Min is a former veteran of the White, but inadvertently falls in Korea to have been confined to bed unable to office. He requested the resignation of the table three times, Yizong are not allowed. White Min in sick, just kind of carried, Yizong can find an excuse to ignore court politics, and other prime minister would discuss the political affairs is also a half-hearted move, he thought not here. So there is the right place as king of spectrum Buque of Expostulation said: "White sensitivity in the first month since the ill and has been for four months. Majesty Although the prime minister to sit with other languages, but was never given to the three carved (the ancient one day and night for 100 engraved) and. In this way, His Majesty and the Prime Minister that there is discussion of world affairs spare it? "words to Yizong uncomfortable and called the king banished the spectrum to any of the magistrate court. Closed for the exercise of the power split Decadence that Expostulation Wang spectrum is, on the matter should not be denounced, on the system according to Tang returned to this command, not issued. Yizong will review this matter to the prime minister, regardless of the state system that the prime minister that the king of spectrum not only for the emperor to remonstrate, but also involves the Prime Minister of white sensitivity, and yet agreed to the king spectrum demotions.
  Yizong towards these prime minister, no minister of style, even more important crisis in the rule of the Tang dynasty.
  At official tour - and Xuanzong care is not easily granted official tour is different, Yizong do not care for the official tour. His official tour of people, give people money, often an impulse, arbitrary. Lee and the actors can, good temperament, in particular, be able to turn a new sound for the throat, voice speech Wanzhuan twists and turns, the listener forget the tired, the Capital Marketplace merchants, butchers like Starchaser general imitation of him, calling for the "shot shells." Yizong after the death of her daughter Princess with Chang, he composed a "sigh century dance", the words Qice, told of tear flow, so that the emperor's thoughts feelings deeply comforting. Yizong loved him so very much, he sealed the General Wei Wei. Granted to the actors in the court office, which is no precedent from the Tang Dynasty. Taizong variegated and his ilk when the representation of business was strictly limited only to those who reward property, has never been allowed to grant super-rank officials. Wen-tsung, a happy time to give the rate of official royal duties, but also because of strong opposition was Jianguan instead granted the local state government Nagao. Yizong official court granted Lee accessible, prime minister also put forward their views, but he did not listen. May be the son of Lee and wife, Yizong gave him two bottles of wine in silver, in fact, is not in wine, but "Golden." In addition, since the Tang Dynasty Imperial Examination System is the most Scholars Going to value the way, especially into the Imperial enjoys a high reputation in the Tang Dynasty, the Chinese have so-called "old and out after 30, 50 less Scholars," said. Every spring, was originally selected by the Libu for examination, Yizong confidant is not required to participate in Libu examination directly to the "special Chici and third" way is granted Scholars birth. In the palace examination period has not yet been institutionalized as Zhao Song Tang period, this approach is clearly out of Yizong personal likes and dislikes. Emperor's Chi Shu replaced Libu the pang, the monarch as giving Scholars and third persons seat Lord, because the Emperor's Grace Chong and "Teng Dragon", the so-called "no door is Dragon Gate, St John the seat main" in Yizong time become taunt topic.
  Vanity - Yizong is an extreme vanity, greatness and success of the emperor, his appellation from the figures that as many as can be seen. Appellation, is to table fame Germany, every emperor added appellation, must be held a grand ceremony to imperial edict issued by the country, held in conjunction with Amnesty. Northern Sung Painting three first month the ministers to Yizong on the "Core civilization St. piety Emperor" of the appellation, but he does not feel satisfied to Northern Sung Painting twelve first month, then on the 12-word appellation: Rui Wen-ying Wu Mingde Most Gracious Story Hirotaka emperor. Emperor of the Tang dynasty, emperor, Taizong are not alive plus appellation, since the emperor on the honorific words are basically 4 or 6 characters, some up to 8 characters or 10 characters. Reign had given himself added "World Tai Po Kaiyuan Wuxiao De Saint Sermon God Emperor" 14 words of the appellation, and to the ancestors be added appellation. Later, there were 14 words appellation Takemune: Ren Sheng Wenwu Zhang Deming Road day success of God Emperor and filial piety. Sukjong when the ministers plus honorific "Great Light Tin Man Mo Xiaogan Qianyuan Emperor," but he Shangyuan years (761) on September 21 issued an edict to remove the "days of civil and military Xiaogan Qianyuan Great Light" 10-word appellation, only known as "Emperor." Later Kenso the appellation is 10 characters: dollar and Saint brilliant Heaven should Road emperor. Can be seen, Yizong the honorific words and Takemune reign almost catch up, but on the performance or the country in terms of talent, do not say can not reign in the same category, that is Takemune he compare.
  Confidant of the princess - Yizong attitude towards imperial clan relatives, from spoiled princess with Chang that he can see the imperial clan and the stringent requirements of the situation Xuanzong significantly different. Princess with Chang was his favorite Guo Shufei born, the election Wei Baoheng to consort prince. Princesses of the day, Yizong dumping that information sent to the palace curios, he also gave the Capital of the Canton of the Princess in a house, doors and windows are decorated with miscellaneous treasure, Tseng Lan, drug mortar, tank container, are all gold and silver production, even the basket strainer Kei are woven with the story of a fur. Bed crystal, tortoise shell, glass and so production, bed carved bracket legs are beetles silver deer, the other like partridges pillow, jade box, God silk embroidery was, Ruyi, whistle-screen, pattern linen, silk cotton fire, nine jade hairpin Deng Jun from the exotic. Another 5 million grant money consistently, numerous other gold and silver jewelry. Princess with the Chang family has a "clarification of water silk", about eight Jiuchi, like cloth fabric off than small, bright color transparent, light can shine on people. Summer is the time to hang in the house, full house all feel cool, heat no. Cheng said that the water silk in Ambergris, it can be refreshing. Chang princess with red glass plates, containing luminous beads, bright as day at home, Fuma family leaves at night to play games, unaffected. Princess Margaret married the second year, fall ill, died. Yizong anger ineffective drug medical officer, two of them will be killed and brought them over to incarceration under the doors. For a time talking about the ruling and opposition parties, the Prime Minister Zhan hope to Shangshu plain speaking remonstrant, but Admonishing despotic emperor forced, no one dared to fuel, cited bad upper body. Liu Zhan no choice but to defend their own medical officer for the Shang Shu. Sure enough, Yizong furious, immediately Bale Liu Zhan phase level at the same time and brought close to the court and Liu Zhan several officials to denounce the South. Yizong for the princess held a grand funeral, burial clothing used toys, and the stranger is no different, they carved blocks of wood temple, burial of figurines and other burial objects ranging, dragon trees and flowers, people and livestock of the people, not win total. Eastern Suburbs hair day mourning the burial of Chang'an, Yizong and pro-imperial concubine Yu Yan Hing doors off and weep, but also a database of all several feet high in nine Northern Sung Painting (868) Marking the "Diamond Sutra" cannelloni gold camel, Phoenix, Kirin, that ceremonial. Great scene, the capital Shishu have ceased to watch his funeral procession was over 20 years. Yizong has given to mourners Yifu 100 cups of wine and 30 camels over cake pack two feet wide, as the meals. Yizong Princess disregard for national treatment of ritual, anywhere, on the final version does not even mind, an artwork's face exposed.
  Northern Sung Painting 14 years (873) March Yizong arrangements meet Fengfo bone edict about immediately invite the ministers to remonstrate. Ministers agreed the grounds that this waste of resources, but also after the sudden death of bone Kenso welcome Fengfo a warning for all that this ominous. Yizong have turned a deaf ear, his ministers say: "I will live to see the pagoda, is dead, nothing will regret it!" This welcome Fengfo bone size than Kenso of the period had surpasses it. Along the way from the Capital to the Famen above the imperial guards and soldiers, dozens of battle stretches, the scene of the spectacular, far beyond the emperor presided over the ceremony to heaven. April 8, pagoda relic welcome into the capital, three days after the shrine in the palace, Yizong allows people sent to the capital of the temple to pay their last respects. Devout believers willing to set himself on fire arms or head incense Feng Li, wealthy families were held in France will not hesitate to spend huge amounts of money, they are even as the pool of mercury to Kim Ok as trees, recruiting senior monks, but also invited theatrical troupe dancing. Following the prime minister is also competing charity towards Tingbai Guan Jin Bo, the number is considerable. The welcome Fengfo bone lasted a long time, until the Xi were sent to the throne after the return Famen Temple pagoda.
  Concubines Children
  Christine Wang Xian Empress, Emperor Tang Zhaozong students.
  De Fei Wang, Ms. Han Guo Wang posthumously De Fei, Wang Defei Health Changning Princess three.
  Emperor Tang Zhaozong, the Queen Mother Christine Wang constitution.
  Li Ji, Northern Sung Painting of King Shu closure three years.
  Christine Prince Ai Li Forest, Mu Wang closed early. LI Yi described as Wang Bi killed, days early years of rehabilitation posthumously.
  Safety of the Princess.
  Changning princess, mother of Wang Defei.
  Yongshou Princess.
    

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