一字通系统采用数理统计的方法，对这些文学作品进行了文字的统计分析，经过两年多的高强度运算，处理了近100千兆字节的文本数据，通过一个由600多个表格组成的数据库模型，终于建立了世界上的第一个面向知识的信息系统（Knowledge-oriented Information System）。该系统拥有75479个汉字，5.9百万个词条，7千万个关键词组合，通过它们之间的有机联系，创立了两个让人耳目焕然一新的树型构架的知识树和文字树，确定了主要历史文献和百科知识之间的有机联系。
Knowledge is more than information. It is not simply a noun. It is a noun in a context. A context can be expressed by a hierarchical structure. This structure is a tree, with roots in various branches. The ultimate root is a node called “Knowledge”.
The same noun can be totally different nodes in this knowledge tree. For example, 胜利 has at least 8 thesaurus groups:
达到, 接触, 实现, 达到目的, 完成, 取得, 获得, 做成功, 做成, 执行, 实行, 落实, 贯彻, 实施, 臻於圆满, 起作用, 徵募, 应徵入伍, 履行, 使, 赚得, 发生影响, 有效, 取得某事物, 达成, 吸收, 占领, 夺取, 成功, 成就, 成名, 发财
Each of these group means totally different things. Even in the same group, a phrase can have different meanings too. Such as in the 胜利-胜利村 group, there are 444 胜利村 in China. So the meaning of胜利 depends on its context. When two persons use 胜利 in their dialogues, they have a common understanding about its meaning, otherwise, misunderstanding occurs and communication stops there. Even though its specific meaning can be very challenging to determine, it can only be determined if we have such a knowledge base in the first place.
So knowledge is contextual, structural, and hierarchical in a tree-like network.
Yizitong is such a Knowledge-Oriented Information System. It is designed with a goal to establish a context for various Chinese words and phrases in different sentences, paragraphs, chapters and books, etc.
Internet can be envisioned in 4 development phrases: information presentation, information analysis, knowledge analysis, and human intelligent. We are in the stage of information analysis. There is an effort to develop towards knowledge analysis in various search engines. But only when we establish a knowledge-oriented information system, such a phrase of knowledge analysis can be achieved. Our ultimate goal of Internet is to be human intelligent. When the ultimate system has enough knowledge of you, an end user, the system will behave just like a human being in front of you, knowing what you mean by a word such as 胜利 when you type in or speak out 胜利!
简化模式与菜单模式 Simplify the model and the menu mode 一字通是一个建立在理想化的“面向知识的信息系统”的理论模式之上的，比较复杂的知识系统。
Pass the word is built on the ideal of "knowledge-oriented information system," the theoretical model above, more complex knowledge systems. To make better use of primary users pass the word, especially single out some of the more simple and commonly used functions, summarized as "reduced model", as the system's default settings, presented to the user. Function menu mode in accordance with its own characteristics, classified as eight categories. This mode allows the user through the various functions of the word have an initial awareness, more convenient to use. When the user in the "reduced model", click "More» ", then enter the" menu mode. " When the user in the "menu mode", click "« simplified model ", then returned to the" simplified model. "
启动划词和关闭划词 Start planning words and close the word program 通过简单的划词的操作，用户能够便捷地获取字、词语、成语及其百科条目的简单解释。
By a simple word program operation, the user can easily get the word, words, idioms and Wikipedia entries simple explanation. In order not to affect the user's use of the word function is designated in the closed state. In the menu mode, the user can switch these two states. Click the top right of the "start program Word", the user can program the word operation. Instead, click on the top right of the "off plan word" function automatically turns off the word plan.
The word through the input prompt, close to the "input method." The reason that is "close" because the tips here is based on the frequency of entries of words and phrases were deleted, removing the words and terms not commonly used. And that is the "input method" because the features include: the 983,874 Chinese characters and entries, 73,118 English words, 136,625 French words. You can choose to shut down or start the input prompt: "Close the prompt" and "prompt start" to switch between. Tips for English, "English" function; French prompts only "method of Han" function effectively. In the absence of the case prompted the Chinese, English may be prompted. In use, the word through the input prompt, and the other systems the biggest difference is that the keyboard's up arrow "↑" (Up arrow) and the down key "↓" (Down arrow), or the Page Up and Page Down the page button, to carry out more operations. For example, when you enter z, the prompt box will appear, "the person from which the neutron as a" continuous operation of the keyboard "↓", the "make" will be followed by the emergence of a new sequence. Mouse click or ammonium Enter key to select the current prompt.
Tree of the knowledge of systematic knowledge, the concept of a tree showing relationship by upper and lower left side of the page, plus entries on the left side contains a description of the term sub-entries. View the knowledge tree entry information: Click on any entry, the information presented on the right. Use of the Information Bar on the right refer to "a hundred science" help.
Mapabc and Google, Bing similar map operation. 1. Select Map Users can choose to use Google (Google) map, will be (Bing) map or Mapabc Map 2. Switching map Google Maps: The system default display street maps 3.1. Google maps are available and will be up and down the middle mouse button to change the size of the slide. 3.2. Double-click the map. 3.3. Google Maps: Click on top left of the plus and minus signs or drag the map at the top left down a small quantity of rod flat side Measurement. Will be the map: Click on top left of the addition and subtraction symbols. 5. Search Map 5.2.1. In the map below the search bar, type the required information in the map, such as Suzhou, one of the area, click search. 5.2.3. Back to the previous results: Click on the upper left side with four arrows. - Mobile Small map: Click on the arrow left in different directions. - Check the information in small map details: click on the bottom of the "check the details." Some small map no such function. - Turn off the small map: Click on the top right "x". - Click on the bubble, there's latitude here, address, accuracy, country code - Click on one, appears here as well as geographic information from the distance previous. - Larger red pushpin referred to: place the mouse on the red pushpin, thumbtack referred to it enlarged. - Mobile Map: Click the arrow in different directions. Small map can not be left without the arrow move. - Turn off the small map: small map of the mouse away. Get maps any point of geographic information: latitude and longitude, address, and the distance between two places. - Click on any point, there a small pushpin. - Click on one, appears here as well as geographic information from the distance previous. 6. Memory map Back to previous page
1. With "click through" search In the top right of the "look through" empty field, type the required information or entry, click on the "pass about." Search term (current term) contained specific information, click on the directory entry corresponding column. After landing, the menu display Encyclopedia "My word pass," is a list of customers in the past to view entries. Click to view entry details. Back to Wikipedia: click on the top menu, "Wikipedia." Search with "pass about." The red menu bar above the upper term relationship between the current entry, click to check the contents of the upper term. For example: China, "Jiangsu" Suzhou The gray menu bar at the top entry, indicating that this term also contains a sub same name with the current entry entry. For example: Guangzhou: Jiangsu "Guangzhou and Suzhou, Jiangsu is that the same relations, but also with" Suzhou "as sub-entries, but contain different information. Click to view gray gray entries contained in the entry "Suzhou" information. Query the current relationship between the upper and lower entries for all, knowledge of the menu click on the top of the "knowledge tree." Category column The left side of the green triangle entry, indicating that introns entries. No entries on the left triangle of green, indicating there is more. Black entries, that is the bottom, no more. 2. Use the term View the history of search. This is to bypass the "click through" search shortcut. 2.1. The registry has been to view entries, in sequential order with the drop-down bar at the top right column, click on any entry to display the entry details. 2.2. History log entries have been viewed, according to the order displayed in the "I" inside. Wikipedia top of the page click menu of "deja vu." Click on any entry to display the entry details. In addition to the first landing, after landing the first page is "My word through." 3. . Take the word to explain 3.1. Mouse over any word on the interpretation of the word can appear 3.2. Highlight any entry to be investigated to explain this entry. 4. The bottom of the page will be displayed Google Sogou Baidu Tencent proper way people search results.
Contains entries, referring to a term, by other entries include, for example, "Xi'an" contains "Xi'an." Chinese characters, are inseparable, a word entry. Term "Xi'an Incident" is four-character entries, including words, the two entries include: "Xian", "Incident." Here is a new concept: through words, this is from the current term, to include entry connection process. For example, the West -> Xi'an -> Xian things -> Xi'an Incident. Among them, the "Xi'an thing" is false entries, but it is the frequency in the literature (word frequency), will contain not less than its term the "Xi'an Incident." Word is the word pass through the main functions of the system is data in the literature and statistical analysis of word frequency on the basis of completion. Through word of Chinese, will return to the natural language of each entry into, so that they get the original background information.
Pass the word has the following permissions to registered users. 1. Edit / Add Entries If the customer has permission to edit an entry, the entry on the right will appear the "Edit" word. If a term is not sub-entries, this entry can be edited or added sub-entry. For example: a child of Suzhou term "Ruiguang Temple" No child entries, the customer will be able to edit or add the child entry Ruiguang Temple. However, if a client has edited entries, even if it has sub-entries, and still have editing privileges. For example: You edited the entry "Ruiguang Temple" and later it has sub-entries, you still edit its power. Registered users can only add two sub-entries. 2. Store information 2.1. Deposit information to the public. 2.2. Keep information only for personal reading. Through the "My word through" query stored information.
A phrase entry is a string of continuous words occurs meaningfully and repeatedly in a language. It should be concise, precise, and easy to understand and it should cause no misunderstanding when it is used to desribe a topic.
The process of phrase creation can be described in the following steps, using "北美华人文学社" (Chinese Literature Society of North America) as an example:
1. Go to the submenu "Encyclopedia" of "Knowledge" menu, search for the targeted phrase. If it is not a phrase in the Word Link system yet, the following message will be shown: "Add new Common Phrase: 北美华人文学社", just click it to start the creation process;
2. You will be forwarded to an entry creation page.
It the phrase has a parent phrase, type in one, and select the category of their relationship. In this case, we can type in "加拿大非营利组织" in the Parent Phrase field, and select "社会" in the dropdown list of Category.
In the "Add a new Related Phrases" text field, type in related phrases, such as 一字通 北美枫 in this case.
3. Click Submit button to save the entry. A confirmatin box will jump out, just click Ok to go ahead, or "Cancel" otherwise.
If the process goes well, a new page will show up, with the targeted phrase entry being created sucessfully.
Every term, we need an English translation. 1, the system can make use of translation tools, or other means to get the English translation of the term. 2, and then click "Enter more explanation in English," to open the input page. Enter the English translation, select the appropriate part of speech. 3, click the "Send" to store the English translation, complete the operation.
A term related to the specific content needed to explain and describe the entry. The contents of an entry can be divided into one or more parts, and so input. The lower right corner of the page, a registered user, you can see the link: "input more." Here the "North American Chinese Literary Society" as an example, the description of the operation. 1, click on the link, enter the contents of the input page. You can see is the general heading of the page: the importation of more North American Chinese Literature Club. 2, in the required section, fill in the relevant content. 3, If you know the relevant content in English, please, otherwise, the system memory, it will automatically translate (usually not accurate.) 4, click the "Send" button to complete the operation.
The contents of each section entry in the lower right corner, there is a pattern with a pen "edit" link, click, you can edit the content to the relevant page. Among them, there is a translation of the contents of the option, if the translation of the content through your corrections and editing, you can _set_ the option as "human translation."
站外链接的几种格式 Links outside the station several formats 站外链接是指内容的来源，可以是书本，某作者，新闻社，出版社，或者其它网站。
Outside the station link is the source of the content, which can be books, an author, news agencies, publishing houses, or other websites. There are three points outside the format of the link: 1, text, indicate sources, such as: Encyclopedia Britannica 2, text plus Web links, such as: North American maple http://maplereview.org/gb/about/guidelines.php 3, the only Web links, such as: http://maplereview.org/viewtopic.php?t=2003
如何添加朗诵文件 How to Add Speech file 目前，本系统还不支持声乐、视屏和电影等多媒体的上传功能。（这里也涉及到尊重版权所有的问题。）
Currently, the system does not support vocal music, movies and other multimedia screen and upload. (There are also issues related to respect the copyright.) Provided by the system, just outside the station placed the link, and the reciter cited or two producers of content.
The left is a tree of pages text. The number of words a user query anchored, for example, the query "Liu Bei", the text left to extract the tree from the literature, "Liu Bei" left and right sides of the word, composed of three words, group words group and so on. Group to the left of the word can be started. Query word in the whole word or term in the literature through a database of different origin, ie, queries containing the word or term sentences and articles. For example, the query "Liu Bei" in which the sentence and in the literature. Through it enter the term "Liu Bei" The results showed that the box has the following options: poetry, poetry, prose, fiction, film and drama, competition, history, etc. Options "poetry" highlight, that shows a poem containing "Liu Bei" sentence, click on the sentence to read full text. Move the cursor on any of the options will be displayed with the option "Liu Bei" sentences. For example, the cursor on the "prose", the following shows, "Liu Bei" the source of all the prose.
文字通 Text Link 查询词或词条在整个一字通数据库不同文献中的出处，即，查询含此词或词条的句子和文章等。
Query word in the whole word or term in the literature through a database of different origin, ie, queries containing the word or term sentences and articles. For example, the query "Liu Bei" in which the sentence and in the literature. Through it enter the term "Liu Bei" The results showed that the box has the following options: poetry, poetry, prose, fiction, film and drama, competition, history, etc. Options "poetry" highlight, that shows a poem containing "Liu Bei" sentence, click on the sentence to read full text. Move the cursor on any of the options will be displayed with the option "Liu Bei" sentences. For example, the cursor on the "prose", the following shows, "Liu Bei" the source of all the prose.
Query word, words or term in the number of occurrences of different dynasties of China, and the number of occurrences of the phrase. Pass it to query the contents. Click to view the source of dynasties or phrase.
Chai Zi refers to the characters open their part, were placed in the appropriate input box. After all the characters are demolished, the user can found all the characters with a radical, and the specific location you can search by radical. All users can follow the rules Chaizi Chaizi, see below "How Chaizi." Welcome to attend. Thank you!
Can dismantle the word, the word must be present and had not demolished. 1. The current source of the word The current word marks: upper left red words. The following methods get the word red displayed in the upper left, for the current word; input window in the middle of the page displays the word radical. 1.1. Random word, click on "find the word", the system gives the word random. 1.2. Specific word, pass it in the box found the word you want removed. 1.3. If the page below the words (see Section 1), you can choose from. 2. To identify the word has been split off After the seizure of a word (see Section 3), first determine whether the word had demolished. 2.1. Enter the window displays two or more different components of this word (??) 2.2. Registered Users: Enter the window below the "Edit Permissions" option is "Edit" Non-Registered Users: Enter the bottom of the window there is no "storage" option 3. Chaizi method Chinese characters have different structures, such as: up and down, left and right. . . The radicals in the words of their different positions on the input window of the input, respectively, Gerry (see right, below the input box, have been demolished on the map is good "catch" word.) More cases are available in the "Chaizi" in the search for the word has been removed. 4. Storage Registered Users: Enter the window below the "Edit Permissions" select "Edit", click "store." Non-Registered Users: Click on the input window below the "memory."
1. Search all Chinese characters with a radical Click the window of the "empty", and enter in the input window of a radical (from the upper left section, select the drop-down), or word, or pass it a radical (the drop down from the upper left section, select the Copy to Link bar box) or the word, click on the "happiness of the up and down the quest." If this word had not torn down, enter the window display of this word or this word radical. Click below the "happiness of the up and down and search", the window display with the radical or the word all the characters. If this word had been torn down, enter the window display items containing the word entered the radical; click below the "happiness of the up and down and search", enter the window below the list containing all the words of this radical or character. 2. Search with an identical Chinese characters have been split off Click the window of the "empty", directly in the input window, enter two or radical, each radical occupy an input box, click the "happiness of the up and down the quest." Input window are listed below by the split-off entry and includes all the characters.
Pass the word currently offers three ways to learn Chinese. . 1. Frequency method: word frequency in the literature, this method is based on the frequency of words in the order from high in the end to learn. 2. Phonetic words: Chinese characters sound the same word with the pronunciation that the word is the phonetic word. 3. Learn pinyin: the traditional method of learning Chinese characters, Pinyin from the study started. There are 21 consonants and 39 vowels. . System provides the following functions: word and the phonetic pronunciation of the letters, word of strokes, stroke order demonstrations, radical, and so on. Choice of words to learn the different options below: stroke, strokes, radicals and group of words; top of the pronunciation of the word option. .
Click the entry can be directly transferred to the appropriate court politics, country, etc.. For instance, click on top of the Han Dynasty Han Dynasty kings and query historical events, click on the monarch can check the information on this monarch. Query BC information entered in through it's front of the box "-" sign, for example: -1 990, -345. Query emperors and important people, pass it in the box enter their name, for example: First Emperor, Li Shimin, Chiang Kai-shek, Du Fu and Lu Xun. Query China and Japan and other Asian countries, dating reign, reign in the input box through it, for example: Zhenguan years, Tang Xizong and in three years.
The political affairs of the monarchy as the line runs through the history of foreign affairs of state. Can query the dynasty monarch, King Department of the table, vassal state, political culture, science and technology, the main event, and so on. For details on specific affairs of state information, enter through it frame dynasty, for example: the Tang Dynasty. Enter other major entries.
Search for important events and figures in the history of China and around the world, using month and day.
Type the month and day you want to view, in the "Go" text box. For example, if you want to see what happened on March 5, simply type either of:
Uplink is a category, or under the top right section is the category drop down, drop down the middle section is sub Home and poems by dynasties type classification Click to enter the second page, and works by author classification. It works through the content, results ordered by author. Users can enter more current of work.
Pass it in the box enter the query entry, may search out a poem that contains this entry. Browse the complete poem or words, and the author's other works, click on the appropriate sentence. Some works of note, voice reading, in English translation. Browse all poets of their dynasty, click on.
Uplink is the largest category, drop down or right upper section is the second class, the middle section is a drop-down categories. The name of the author and work through it. Also can pass the word in search. Readers can add more content and comments.
Users can enter more work can also be read works; also can enter their original works. A drop-down section of the project, please select the section in the drop-down. The bottom of the page can be delivered to your comment.
English-Chinese, Chinese-English, translation between languages such as Simplified Chinese and Traditional Chinese mutual conversion Words, words and phrases can also be used through the top right of it.
Pass the word picture is an integral part of the system, just the right applications, the content will add color. Picture attached to the content. Currently, with the image content: People, Collected Works, affairs of state, country, work, poetry, term, phrase, events, music and songs, sharing work, sharing poetry and help to the 13 aspects. One or a group of pictures, with a specific character, work, the content of linked chapters or paragraphs to form a combination. With a group of pictures by one of the main picture, and a fixed content closely. Open the picture with the group before, only shows the first film with Photo Images. When the pictures also showed more than two hours, can be automated slide show. You can upload pictures in two ways: 1, the image of off-site links directly to the current editorial page copy of "Image:" single-line text box;
Add a picture, you can click on the article "Upload Picture", also available on the "My word pass - Pictures" added. Photo link outside the station, referring to the image path of the page, such as: http://maplereview.net/images/logo2.gif Usually, you can hover your mouse over the pictures, right click, select Copy Shortcut, Copy Image Location, or, choose Properties, you can copy the image address Address (URL). Then, the image of off-site link, or copy directly to the current editorial page of "Image:" single-line text box (Figure 1). Then, picture the name of the one-line text box with the photo description text input box will automatically appear, please enter the characters in the picture is less than 20 names, and brief description (Figure 2).
Add a picture, you can click on the article "Upload Picture", also available on the "My word pass - Pictures" added. 1, preparation First, the article you are interested in to upload pictures, you need to first prepare the appropriate image. Your choice Di correct, clear images can play a useful supplementary article content, Bang Zhu Zhe can better read every one of 理解 you to edit content. Second, your choice of picture location in the text also will directly affect the overall layout of the beautiful text, so you need to edit the page by typing prompt to select the location of the specific location insert the picture.
2, loading step Click the Upload button, you will see a floating window: the first step, you need to "Browse ..."( browse) button (Figure 2) Select the hard disk images have just prepared, supported formats include jpg , gif, png, while the size of the picture, do not exceed 3M (Figure 3). Recommend that you upload a picture aspect ratio similar to this would be the best display. To make your article illustrated the same time, viewers play a greater help, please fill out the necessary explanatory text, please ensure that the correct text (Figure 4). Completed these two steps, you can select the picture shown in the specific location of the body, click on diagram or select the button (Figure 4) can modify the particular home left / right hand side option, and finally, click the "Start Upload" button ( Figure 4), the window changes (Figure 5), after uploading, Jane thumbnail image will appear in the dialog box, click Ok, you can complete operation (Figure 5).
Such a picture can be more than other images together to form a picture portfolio. There are two ways to establish a "Photo Portfolio": 1, the content editing page, the repeat upload multiple images, the result is: is the last picture, will display the contents of the section image, and between these pictures, you form a picture portfolio. Click on the chapters of Jane thumbnail pictures can look to the combination of all the relevant images; 2, simple click on thumbnail image into the page, turn to judge: if it had the same group of pictures, it shows the same group of pictures; Otherwise, if the associated image, then display the relevant image; if the same type of picture, it shows the same type of image; if contributors contributors images are displayed; if they have pictures, it shows the user's own photo collection; Finally, if the preceding conditions are not met, the display system default Gallery: Event Photo Gallery .
The system's picture is always in the form of combination to establish the link between images. Individuals can create their own picture combinations. Create method 1. Local upload way: click on "Upload picture"; select "Create a personal plan group" (tick); complete the relevant operation, you can;
Continuous zoom display multiple images when the slides are available automatically. There are three icons below the picture. The middle for the "release" and "stop"; the right to fast forward, fast forward left for the opposite direction; consecutive left or right click the icon to adjust the playback speed. Back to previous page, click on the screen or the bottom of the screen description.
一字通文集 Pass the word corpus 用户在在一字通共享中发表的文章，收集于此。
Users sharing the word through articles published in this collection. There are multiple pages, you can find links to published articles. First place, that is, in "My - Blogs" menu, click on "Add a new shared work", to enter an article page. Second Department, in the "knowledge - a hundred science" lower right corner; The rest are in the shared menu, the following sub-menu, which almost every page, have a "shared work to add new" link, the difference only in that section of the different works, published an article into the page after the election given type of work are different.
如何输入诗歌 How to enter poems 诗歌是文集中的一个大类。
Poetry is a major category in the corpus. First need to login, and then do the following: 1, from sharing - Poetry sea menu of any page, or my - Collected Works pages, or hundreds of scientific knowledge, the lower right corner, click on "Add a new shared work" into the works to add a new shared input page; 2, choose your type of poetry to enter. Here, in my cycle, "ferry" in the section, for example, in the "work type *" column, choose "modern poetry." Input field in the right type of input you are looking for, if the system there, it will automatically select the appropriate type for you; 3, in the "Name *" column, I enter "ferry tickets"; 4, in the "author's name *" column, I type in "Peace Island." You can modify or add a second author, third author; 5, in the "content" column, the content of the text I enter work; 6, the other, as needed input. For example, I entered the comment; 7, click on "Save" button to send saved.
In addition to poetry here how to enter other than work. Generally speaking, works with two categories, one is Chapter works, the rest is divided into chapters back to work. Other operations, and the "how to enter poetry" section similar to that described: 1, the relevant part from the shared menu of any page, or my - Collected Works pages, or hundreds of scientific knowledge, the lower right corner, click on "Add a new shared work" into the works to add a new shared input page; 2, choose your type of poetry to enter. Here, in my essay, "The most common 500 words what" for example, in the "work type *" column, choose "Chinese." Input field in the right type of input you are looking for, if the system there, it will automatically select the appropriate type for you; 3, in the "Name *" column, I enter "the most common 500 words what"; 4, in the "author's name *" column, I type in "Peace Island." You can modify or add a second author, third author; 5, in the "content" field, enter the text content of the work; 6, the other, as needed input. 7, click on "Save" button to send saved. Chapter works and other works of the difference is that in addition profile, the other parts are the chapters. In data entry, there are three different points: 1, where the contents of the section, just enter the profile, described the contents of a whole, rather than enter the specific sections; 2, in the "order number:" field, type in a page, depending on each chapter heading back to the length of the section to be arranged in the title of the data. The default value is 2; 3, back to the contents of each chapter, until now the operation is complete, enter "how to enter sections of the content" of the operation.
Works in the input, you can directly open to be read. You can also share the corresponding type menu, find the article you have entered, or through the "My - Blogs" menu, click on the relevant type of articles under the chapter back into the reading of the text content of the page. Then, the contents of the chapter can be carried out input operations: 1, in the upper right side of the page to find "the importation of more chapter" link, click, enter the "Add New Section" page; 2, in the "chapter *" column, fill in the sub-chapter serial number must be greater than 0 positive integers (natural numbers, 1,2,3 ,...); 3, are required to complete the name and contents of the Chapter; 4, the remaining part of the data is only available options. Can also be completed at a later edit to add; 5, and finally, click the "Save" button to send the chapters. After the completion of the above operation, will be heading back to the form of Chapter sort appears. Click to read.