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  一、教育的基本定义
  教育 jiàoyù
  1. [education] 培养人才、传播知识的工作,主要指学校教育
  2. [educate] 教导启发,使明白道理
  教育是一种改变人类对客观世界认识的途径,一种积极引导人类的思想、认识和改造世界的积极有效的途径,从中性词的角度看,可以有影响与之相对应,从贬义词的角度看,可以有唆恶与之相对应。
  教育是一种人类道德、科学、技术、知识储备、精神境界的传承和提升行为,也是人类文明的传递。一种以某些主观意识形态去适当改变另外一些主观意识形态的一种方法。是改变他人观念与思想的一种科学的方法。教育亦是最廉价的国防体系。
  总之,教育的本质属性,即教育是一种影响,一种积极的影响,一种对人类认识和改造客观世界及自身的积极的影响。教育的最终目的是达到教是为了不教!即教会其自我反思自我管理的生存和发展的能力。
  教育的含义
  教育,是以促进人的发展、社会的进步为目的,以传授知识、经验为手段,培养人的社会活动。
  教育的解释
  教育 jiào yù
  education
  培养新生一代准备从事社会生活的整个过程,主要是指学校对儿童、少年、青年进行培养的过程。
  广义上讲,凡是增进人们的知识和技能、影响人们的思想品德的活动,都是教育。
  狭义的教育,主要指学校教育,其涵义是教育者根据一定社会(或阶级)的要求,有目的、有计划、有组织地对受教育者的身心施加影响,把他们培养成为一定社会(或阶级)所需要的人的活动。
  二、教育的价值
  基础的9年义务教育,价值在于解决受教育人群德育、智育、体育、美育、劳动教育、科学教育等的原始启蒙。促使和帮助受教育人群具备接受和接纳社会生活的基本技能。
  随后的中专、大学等中高等教育,价值在于解决受教育人群具备基本的科研、实践、实验、试验、仿制、创新启蒙。促使和帮助受教育人群具备和接纳科学发明创造等专业化、工业化、标准化、信息化等生产实践的基本技能。
  职业化教育和培训,价值在于为社会工业化、产业化、经济发展提供源源不断的技能型人才保障。促使和帮助受教育人群懂得岗位作业工艺、培训后上岗就业、接受和应聘各类职业岗位,获得岗位作业基本技能。
  中国有句俗语:十年树木,百年树人。揭示了教育的根本价值,就是给国家提供具有崇高信仰、道德高尚、诚实守法、技艺精湛、博学多才、多专多能的人才,为国、为家、为社会创造科学知识和物质财富,推动经济增长,推动民族兴旺,推动世界和平和人类发展。
  三、教育的层次提升
  一般地,教育的环境可以分为:家庭环境、学校环境、社会环境。
  。
  教育的目标可以理解为,自谋求个人的生存技能开始,到谋求国家利益、民族利益、人类命运持续科学化、幸福安全的高科技,用以造福人类,没有止境!
  科学的教育是立体的,它分为4个层面:学校教育、家庭教育、社会教育和自我教育。
  学校教育:指对学生智商(IQ)的提高为目的教育行为。
  家庭教育:指对学生情商(EQ)的提高为目的教育行为。
  社会教育:指对学生德商(MQ)的提高为目的教育行为。
  自我教育:个人以提升个人综合素质为目的的教育行为。
  四个层面相互交融、重叠和互补,形成了完整的教育体系。
  狭义的教材就是教科书。教科书是一个课程的核心教学材料.
  教育是指在一定的社会条件下,依据社会的需要,有组织,有目的,有计划地对受教育者进行系统的教育和训练,开发其体力和智力的活动。
  教育
  广义的教育泛指一切传播和学习人类文明成果——各种知识、技能和社会生活经验,以促进个体社会化和社会个性化的社会实践活动。通常有和狭义两种概念。产生于人类社会初始阶段。狭义教育专指学校教育,即制度化教育。
  简介
  教育过程开始于出生并持续终身已被广泛接受。有些人甚至相信教育可以开始得更早,一些父母让子宫里的胎儿听音乐和故事,希望对孩子发展产生影响。
  "教育"一词来源于拉丁语 educare,意思是 "引出"。
  教育具有多方面功能:
  ·保证人类延续、促进人类发展的功能;
  ·促进社会发展的功能;
  ·选择功能。
  社会根据受教育程度选拔人才。人通过受教育实现社会地位的变迁。教育伴随着人类社会的产生而产生,随着社会的发展而发展,与人类社会共始终。对教育的定义,各国学者认识不同。如美国的杜威说:“教育即生活。”英国的斯宾塞说:“教育为未来生活之准备。”中国的李壮认为"教育是强迫或引导被教育者接受特定的知识,规矩,信息,技能,技巧等."
  四、教育的类型
  正规教育
  社会、群体或私人开设课程教育人们,通常是年轻人。正规教育比较系统完整。正规教育体系传授理想或有价值的知识,但有时会出现滥用情况。
  成人教育
  终身教育或成人教育在许多国家已经非常普及。'教育' 还被看作儿童的事,成人教育经常 branded as '成人学习'或'终身学习'.
  成人教育意义是负担成人社会角色人所进行有系统持续的学习活动目的在促进知识、态度、价值和技巧上的改变。〈Darkenwald & Merrian,1982,P.9〉早期曾被认定唯一种扫除文盲,教导民众基本读、写、算术技能的活动,逐渐拓展至因应技术变迁的需要而提升个人知识能力为目的。
  技术教育
  只针对某一方面提供的特殊培训,例如电脑专科学校。技术学校培养适应不同市场的人才。技术教育给了学生们自主选择的机会,因此会提高学者的兴趣。
  五、教育的实施
  教,上所施下所效,育,养子使作善也。语出东汉许慎《说文解字》教的方法,就是上行下效。比如家长教孩子孝道,自己就要身体力行,孩子自然也会做到。推而广之,要教别人首先自己要先修身,先做到,然后再用身教言教去影响人,甚至达到不言而教的效果。育,老祖宗认为教书育人的首要目的,是使孩子做一个善人,而不仅仅是学习知识和专业技能。那什么是善?善的标准是什么?假如搞教育的人心中都不知道标准,那教育一定不会是圆满的;假如他知道善的标准,就能够把握住每一个教育的机会。
  马克思主义的教育观:
  从19世纪40年代起,马克思和恩格斯的许多著作就提出了马克思主义教育观的初步原理(比如《资本论》第1卷,第13章;《德意志意识形态》第1卷,第 1部分;《哥达纲领批判》第4部分;《共产主义基本原理》)。正是在这一基础上逐步形成了较系统的教育理论。十月革命及其对马克思主义教育实践的需要,大大推动了这一理论的发展(列宁、克鲁普斯卡娅、勃朗斯基、马卡连柯)。实际上,马克思主义的教育理论基本是一种实践的理论。对此作出贡献的一些重要人物有倍倍尔、饶勒斯、蔡特金、李卜克内西、葛兰西、郎之万、瓦伦、塞夫。许多研究者当前正致力于进一步发展这一理论。该理论的主要组成部分有以下几点:(1)对所有儿童一律实行义务免费公共教育,以确保消灭文化或知识的垄断,消灭教育的种种特权。在最初的表述中,这只能是一种由各种公共机构所办的教育。当时所以这样提,是防止工人阶级恶劣的生活条件阻碍儿童的全面发展。后来,明确地提出了其它目标,比如必须削弱家庭在社会再生产中的作用,必须根据平等的条件来培养儿童,必须利用社会化的群体力量。无疑,最成功的革命教育实验,从马卡连柯学校到古巴的学校,都是按照社会的方案来进行的。(2)教育与物质生产相结合(或用马克思的话来说,就是把智育、体育和生产劳动结合起来)。这里所包括的目标,既不是进行较好的职业训练,也不是反复灌输职业道德,而是通过确保人人充分了解生产过程来消灭体力劳动与脑力劳动之间、观念与实践之间的历史形成的差距。这一原则在理论上的正确性虽然为人们所广泛承认,但其实际运用却提出了许多问题(许多半途夭折的或只是部分获得成功的试验就证明了这一点),这在科学技术迅速变革的条件下,尤其如此。(3)教育必须确保人的全面发展。随着科学与生产的重新结合,人能成为完全意义上的生产者。在这一基础之上,所有的人无论男女,其潜力都能得到施展。这样将出现一个能够满足普遍需求的世界,使个人在消费、娱乐、文化的创造和享受、社会生活的参与、人际交往以及自我实现(自身创造)等社会生活的各个方面充分施展才能。这一目标的实现,特别需要改变社会分工,而这是一项艰巨的任务,迄今仅处于开创阶段。(4)社会在教育过程中被赋予新的巨大作用。学校的内部集团关系的这种改变(从竞争转向合作和支持)意味着学校与社会之间的关系将变得更为开放,并以教与学的相互促进和积极配合的关系为前提。以上所概述的理论并没有终结。对上述原则的解释或依据上述原则所进行的实践,还存在许多进退两难的问题。在马克思主义者之间以及在马克思主义者与非马克思主义者之间,正在对下列问题进行辩论:人的个性问题;“本性与教养”的问题;学校和教育在流行的社会决定论范围内创新的可能性;以及教育的内容、方法、结构在促进社会变革中的相对重要性。(ZF)参考书目 1M.W.阿佩尔:《意识形态与学校的课程》,1979年英文版。 2奥·倍倍尔:《妇女与社会主义》(1879),1886年英文版。 3P.布尔丢和J.C.帕塞隆:《教育、社会和文化的再生产》,1979年英文版。 4S.鲍尔斯和H.金蒂斯:《资本主义美国的教育》,1976年英文版。 5兹苏萨·弗吉:《形成中的社会》,1979年英文版,第4章。 6保罗·弗雷尔:《被压迫者的教育学》,1970年英文版。 7安东尼奥·葛兰西:《可供选择的教育学》,1973年意大利版。 8让·饶勒斯:《社会主义与教育》,1899年法文版。 9保尔·朗之万:《思想与行动》,1950年法文版。 10弗·列·列宁:《论国民教育部的政策问题》(1913),1963年英文版。 11同上作者:《青年团的任务》(1920),1966年英文版。 12同上作者:《关于综合技术教育对娜捷施达·康斯坦丁诺夫娜的提纲的意见》(1920),1966年英文版。 13D.林登贝格:《共产国际与阶级学校》,1972年法文版。 14M.A.马纳科尔达:《马克思与现代教育学》,1966年意大利版。
  六、教育的历史
  欧洲
  在西方,教育的起源受到宗教组织的巨大影响:神父们认识到教育的重要性,建立起学校体系。在欧洲,许多最初的大学都有天主教背景。苏格兰 宗教改革之后建立了新的国立苏格兰教会。
  中国
  中国教育开始于中国古典著作,而不是宗教组织。早期中国任用受教育的官员管理帝国,用来选拔官员的科举考试制度建立于隋朝 ,唐朝的唐太宗完善科举制。直到清朝末期的1905年废除,代之以西方教育方式。
  日本
  日本教育的起源与宗教密切相关。学校是培养想要研究佛教成为僧侣的年轻人的庙宇。后来,想要学习的孩子就要去"Tera-koya" (意为庙宇小屋),学习如何读写日文。
  印度
  印度的制度化教育已有很长的历史。
  最近世界教育趋势
  在过去几十年中,未受任何学校教育的文盲人口的百分比下降了。从1960年的36%下降到2000年的 25%。
  在发展中国家,2000年文盲百分比只有1970年的一半。在已发展国家,文盲也从 6%下降到1%,未受学校教育者从5%下降到 2%。
  七、教育理论(教育学科体系)
  ·教育哲学
  ·教育基本理论
  ·教育法学
  ·教育管理学
  ·信息技术教育
  ·教育技术学、教育工学
  ·教育工艺学
  ·教育经济学
  ·教育心理学
  ·教育社会学
  ·教育未来学
  ·学校卫生学
  ·比较教育学
  ·教育统计学
  ·教育传播学
  ·教育效益学
  ·教学科技
  ·教育评价学
  八、教育机构
  
  ·托儿所
  ·幼儿园
  ·小学
  ·初中
  ·中学
  ·国民中学
  ·高级职业学校
  ·技术学院
  ·专科学校
  ·大学
  ·图书馆
  ·培训班
  ·补习班
  ·教育部
  九、教育分类
  ·孝悌教育
  ·道德教育
  ·胎教
  ·幼儿教育
  ·经典教育
  ·初等教育
  ·中等教育
  ·高等教育
  ·研究生教育
  ·本科教育、大学教育
  ·高职教育
  ·专科教育
  ·义务教育
  ·终身教育
  ·职业教育
  ·成人教育
  ·干部教育
  ·远程教育
  ·函授教育
  ·工读教育
  ·数学教育
  ·语言教育
  ·阅读教育
  ·科学教育
  ·资讯教育
  ·社会科学教育
  ·艺术教育
  ·家庭教育
  ·特殊教育
  ·资优教育
  ·补习教育
  ·性教育
  1)含义:
  教育是培养人的社会实践活动。
  广义的教育泛指一切有目的地影响人的身心发展的社会实践活动。
  狭义的教育主要指学校教育,即教育者根据一定的社会要求和受教育者的发展规律,有目的、有计划、有组织地对受教育者的身心施加影响,期望受教育者发生预期变化的活动。
  教育是人类社会特有的社会现象,随人类社会的产生、发展而产生、发展起来的(有人类社会就有教育)。
  2)教育的特点:
  原始形态教育的特点:一,教育同生产生活相融合,教育内容主要为生产和生活经验。二,教育手段单一,仅仅限于口耳相传。三,教育权利平等,教育目的一致。
  古代形态教育的特点:一,学校教育成为教育的主要形态。二,学校具有鲜明的阶级性和等级性。三,学校教育与生产劳动相分离。四,教育的发展相对比较缓慢。
  现代形态教育的特点:一,教育的世俗化。二,教育的国家化。三,教育的法制化。四,初等教育义务化。五,学校类型多样化。
  终生教育理念下的当代形态的教育:一,教育的终身化。二,教育的全民化。三,教育的民主化。四,教育的整合化。
  3)教育的功能:
  指:教育活动的功效和职能。
  包括:个体发展功能与社会发展功能(教育的经济功能、政治功能、文化功能)。
  教育的最首要功能是促进个体发展。教育的最基础功能是影响经济发展。教育的最直接功能是影响政治发展。教育的最深远功能是影响文化的发展。
  十、教育相关法律
  中华人民共和国教育法
  中华人民共和国义务教育法
  中华人民共和国职业教育法
  中华人民共和国民办教育促进法
  相关教育法律
  中华人民共和国未成年人保护法
  中华人民共和国预防未成人犯罪法
  中华人民共和国国家通用语言文字法
  教育行政法规
  全国中、小学勤工俭学暂行工作条例
  国务院征收教育费附加的暂行规定
  扫除文盲工作条例
  幼儿园工作条例
  学校体育工作条例
  学校卫生工作条例
  禁止使用童工规定
  教学成果奖励条例
  残疾人教育条例
  教师资格条例
  地方性教育法规
  河北省汉语言文字应用管理条例
  河北省实施《中华人民共和国义务教育法》办法
  河北省实施《中华人民共和国教师法》办法
  河北省实施《中华人民共和国职业教育法》办法
  河北省实施《中华人民共和国未成年人保护法》办法
  河北省在职职工教育条例
  河北省义务教育经费筹措使用管理条例
  教育行政规章及其他规范性文件
  幼儿园工作规程
  小学管理规程
  特殊教育学校暂行规程
  流动儿童少年就学暂行办法
  中小学图馆(室)规程
  中小学校实验室工作的规定
  普通中小学教材出版发行管理规定
  普通中小学音像教材出版复录发行管理规定
  中小学校电化教育规程
  中学班主任工作暂行规定
  中小学校园环境管理的暂行规定
  普通高级中学收费管理暂行办法
  中小学校财务制度
  教育督导暂行规定
  示范性高级中学评估验收标准
  中小学教师继续教育规定
  中小学校长培训规定
  小学教师职务试行条例
  中学教师职务试行条例
  十一、职业教育专业类
  全国翻译证书考试(NAETI)
  CGFNS(美国护士考试)
  全国价格鉴证师 导游资格考试
  报关员考试 质量专业资格考试
  监理工程师 注册结构工程师
  教师资格认定 执业医师资格考试
  执业药师资格考试 护士执业考试
  公务员考试 物业管理师
  ISO9000内审员 NVQ企业行政管理
  国家职业汉语能力测试(ZHC) 公安机关民警招考
  调查分析师 注册建造师
  网页设计师 人力资源管理
  雅思考试 托福考试
  3D建模工程师
  十二、读经教育
  开篇——提倡儿童读经原由
  祖宗虽远,祭祀不可不诚。子孙虽愚,经书不可不读。
  废经废伦,治安败坏根由。贪瞋痴慢,人心堕落原因。
  欲致天下太平,须从根本着手。图挽犯罪狂澜,唯有明伦教孝。
  误根本为枝末,认枝末为根本。求为解决问题,反倒制造问题。
  君子唯有务本,本务邦国自宁。
  俗云:[教儿婴孩,教妇初来],儿童天性未污染前,善言易入;先入为主,及其长而不易变;故人之善心、信心,须在幼小时培养;凡为父母者,在其子女幼小时,即当教以读诵经典,以培养其根本智慧及定力;更晓以因果报应之理,敦伦尽分之道;若幼时不教,待其长大,则习性已成,无能为力矣!
  三字经说:[养不教,父之过;教不严,师之惰。];[教之道,贵以专。],而非博与杂;故一部经典,宜读诵百至千遍,苏东坡云:[旧书不厌百回读,熟读深思子自知。]现在教学,坏在博与杂,且不重因果道德及学生读经、定力之培养,至有今日之苦果…… 。企盼贤明父母师长,深体斯旨;此乃中华文化之命脉所系,中华子孙能否长享太平之关键,有慧眼者,当见于此。
  十三、宗教教育
  现代人普遍有一种无形的苦,莫名的压力——苦,陷在感情漩涡中——苦,工作的压力——苦,穷困逼身——苦,种种的苦,几乎无时无刻不环绕在周遭,一不小心,这些苦都会缠到身上。
  然而不知如何排遣这些愁苦,累积于一身,我们就会感觉人生越来越乏味。失去了生活的重心与方向,难免就要陷入迷失、彷徨、无助中…而真正可以排解苦闷,涤除尘垢,引导脱离苦海的唯一方法就是——宗教教育。
  但遗憾的是,有许多人错认宗教是迷信。其实宗教不是迷信,也不是哲学,更不是神教,它是一种教育。教育我们如何在这一生中过身心安稳的生活,教育我们如何做好人,做善人,提升生活品质,远离痛苦,过幸福美满的生活。在这里,我们撷录了九大宗教的教义与精神,祝福您能在彷徨无助中得到一盏光明的灯,引导您有坚定的性灵与真诚的信仰,迎向光明的人生。


  First, the basic definition of education
  Education jiàoyù
  1. [Education] personnel training, dissemination of knowledge work, mainly referring to school education
  2. [Educate] teachings inspired to understand the reason
  Education is a change in human understanding of the way the objective world, a positive guide human thought, understand and transform the world's active and effective way, from the perspective of the word, can affect the corresponding, from the derogatory term of the perspective of, can instigate evil corresponding.
  Education is a human morality, science, technology, knowledge acquired, the spiritual realm of heritage and promotion of behavior, but also the transmission of human civilization. A kind of subjective ideology to properly change some other subjective ideological way. Is to change the thinking of other ideas and a scientific method. Education is also the most expensive defense system.
  In short, the essential attribute of education, that education is an impact, a positive effect, a kind of human knowledge and transform the objective world and their positive impact. The ultimate goal of education is to teach is to not teach! The church its self-reflection self-management ability of the survival and development.
  The meaning of education
  Education is to promote human development and social progress for the purpose of imparting knowledge, experience as a means of cultivating people's social activities.
  Education as
  Education jiào yù
  education
  Training new generation ready to engage in social life, the whole process, mainly refers to the school for children, adolescents, youth culture process.
  Broadly speaking, any increase people's knowledge and skills to influence people's moral character of the activities are educational.
  Narrow education, mainly refers to school education, its meaning is the educator under certain social (or class) requirements, purposeful, planned, organized physical and psychological influence on the educated, and training them into a certain community (or class) the activities of people in need.
  Second, the value of education
  Based on 9 years of compulsory education, values education population is to solve moral, intellectual, physical and aesthetic education, labor education, science education, the original enlightenment. Encourage and help people have received education and acceptance of the basic skills of social life.
  Subsequent secondary, universities and higher education, values education is to address people with basic research, practice, experiment, experiment, imitation, innovation and enlightenment. Encourage and help people with education and acceptance of scientific inventions and so forth, industrialization, standardization, information technology and other production practice basic skills.
  Professional education and training, the value is for the community of industrialization, industrialization, economic development, a steady stream of skilled personnel to provide security. Encourage and help people understand the status of education technology jobs, job training posts, and candidates to accept various types of occupational status, access to post job basic skills.
  Chinese saying goes: ten trees, takes a hundred years. Reveals that education's fundamental value, that is, to countries with high belief, high moral character, honesty and law-abiding, highly skilled, learned, and more specifically and more to talent, the country home, in order to create scientific knowledge and material wealth, and promote economic growth, promote national prosperity, and promote world peace and human development.
  Third, raise the level of education
  In general, the educational environment can be divided into: family environment, school environment, social environment.
  .
  The aim of education can be understood as, for personal survival skills from the beginning, to the pursuit of national interests, national interests, continuing scientific and human destiny, happiness, security, high technology, for the benefit of mankind, no limit!
  Science education is three-dimensional, it is divided into four levels: school education, family education, social education and self-education.
  School education: that students quotient (IQ) enhancement for the purpose of educational activities.
  Family Education: refers to students EQ (EQ) for the purpose of improvement of educational activities.
  Social Education: refers to business students in Germany (MQ) for the purpose of the improvement of educational activities.
  Self: Personal to improve their overall quality of education for the purpose of behavior.
  Four levels interacting with each other, overlap and complement each other to form a complete educational system.
  Narrow is the textbook materials. A course textbook is the core teaching materials.
  Education refers to certain social conditions, according to the needs of the community, organized, and aimed a planned way educated systematic education and training, develop their physical and mentally.
  Education
  General education refers to all communication and learning achievements of human civilization - all kinds of knowledge, skills and experience of social life in order to promote individual socialization and social personalized social practice. And the two concepts are usually narrow. Produced in the initial stage of human society. Narrow education specifically refers to school education, that institutionalized education.
  Introduction
  Education process begins at birth and continued for life has been widely accepted. Some people even believe that education can begin much earlier, some parents let fetus in the womb listening to music and stories, I hope the development of an impact on children.
  "Education" comes from the Latin word educare, meaning "leads."
  Education has many functions:
  • Ensure that human beings continue to promote human development function;
  * To promote social development functions;
  • Select functions.
  Society according to level of education of talented people. People to achieve social status through education changes. Education with the emergence of human society emerged with the development of society and the development of human society has always been. The definition of education, understanding of different scholars from different countries. If the United States, Dewey said: "Education is life." Spencer, the UK, said: "Education and preparation for future life." Zhuang Li of China that "education is forced or guided by educators to accept specific knowledge, rules, information , skills, skills. "
  Fourth, the type of education
  Formal education
  Social, group or private courses to educate people, usually young men. More systematic and complete formal education. The formal education system to impart the knowledge of good or valuable, but sometimes abused.
  Adult Education
  Lifelong education or adult education has been very popular in many countries. 'Education' was also seen as something for children, adult education, often branded as 'adult learning' or 'lifelong learning'.
  Significance of adult education is the role of the adult person the burden of conducting a systematic continuous learning activities aimed at promoting knowledge, attitudes, values and skills of the change. <Darkenwald & Merrian,1982,P.9> was found early the only kind of literacy, to teach people the basic reading, writing and arithmetic skills, he gradually extended to changes in response to the needs of technology to enhance their knowledge and ability for the purpose.
  Technology Education
  Only provide for a special training, such as computers College. Technical schools to train personnel in different markets. Technical education to the students the opportunity to choose, it will increase the interest of scholars.
  Fifth, the implementation of education
  Marxist View of Education:
  40 years since the 19th century, many writings of Marx and Engels proposed the initial concept of the Marxist theory of education (such as "Das Kapital", Volume 1, Chapter 13; "German Ideology", Volume 1, Part 1; "Critique of Gotha Program," Part 4; "the basic principles of communism"). It is gradually formed on this basis a more systematic education theory. Revolution and its Marxist educational needs of practice, greatly promoted the development of this theory (Lenin, Krupskaya, Bolangsiji, Makarenko). In fact, the basic Marxist educational theory is a theory of practice. This contributed to a number of important characters in Bebel, Jaures, Zetkin, Liebknecht, Gramsci, Langevin, Warren, Saaf. Many researchers currently are working to further develop this theory. The main components of the theory are the following: (1) shall be compulsory for all children, free public education to ensure elimination of the monopoly of culture or knowledge to eliminate all the privileges of education. In the original formulation, this can only be a run by various public institutions of education. So this was mentioned, is to prevent the working class, poor living conditions hinder the overall development of children. Later, clearly put forward other objectives, such as to weaken the family's role in social reproduction, must be based on equal conditions to foster children, must use the power of social groups. Undoubtedly, the most successful revolutionary educational experiments, from Makarenko school to school in Cuba, according to social programs are carried out. (2) Education and the combination of material production (or Marx's words, is the intellectual, physical and production work together). Including the goal here is neither for better vocational training, nor is the inculcation of professional ethics, but rather to ensure that everyone fully understand the production process to eliminate physical and mental, between the concept and practice of history between the formation of gap. The correctness of this principle in theory, although it is widely recognized, but its use has raised many questions (many halfway died or only part of the success of the experiment on the proof of this), which in science and rapid technological change conditions, in particular. (3) Education must ensure the comprehensive development. With the new combinations of science and production, one can become a full sense of the producers. On this basis, all the people both men and women, its potential can be displaying. This will see a general need in the world Nenggou 满足, Shi individuals in, entertainment, culture of creation and Xiangshou, social Sheng Huo's Shen Yu, Ren Yi Ji self-realization of interpersonal communication (Zishen create) Deng social life to display their various Fangmianchongfen. This goal, in particular, need to change the social division of labor, which is a difficult task, so far only in the opening stages. (4) community in the education process have been given a new role. Relationships within the group of schools that change (from competition to cooperation and support) means that the relationship between schools and society will become more open, and to promote mutual learning and positive relationship with the premise. The theory outlined above is not the end. On the basis of these principles to the interpretation or practice carried out by the above principles, there are still many dilemmas. Between Marxism and the Marxist and non-Marxists, between the following issues are being debated: the question of the human personality; "nature and education" issue; schools and popular education in the context of social determinism the possibility of innovation; and education content, methods, structures in the promotion of social change in relative importance. (ZF) References 1M.W. Appel: "Ideology and the curriculum," English in 1979. 2 Austrian Bebel: "Women and Socialism" (1879), 1886 English version. 3P. Bull and JC Pase Long lost: "educational, social and cultural reproduction," English in 1979. 4S. Bowles and H. Gintis: "Capitalism American education," English in 1976. 5 兹苏萨弗吉: "Formation of Society", 1979, in English, Chapter 4. 6 Paul Luofuleier: "The Pedagogy of the oppressed," English in 1970. 7, Antonio Gramsci: "Alternative Education", the Italian edition in 1973. 8 to Jaures: "Socialism and Education" in French in 1899. 9 Paul Erlang of 10,000: "Thought and Action", 1950, French. 10 Fulieliening: "On policy issues the Ministry of Education" (1913), 1963 English version. 11 Ibid author: "Youth of the task" (1920), 1966 English version. 12 Ibid author: "About Integrated Technology Education 娜捷施达康斯坦 Dingnuofuna outline view" (1920), 1966 English version. 13D. Lindenberg: "The Communist International and class schools" in French in 1972. 14M.A. Manacorda: "Marx and Modern Education," the Italian version of 1966.
  6, the history of education
  Europe
  In the West, the origin of education by religious organizations of great influence: the Fathers recognized the importance of education to establish school system. In Europe, many universities have a Catholic background first. Scotland after the Reformation created a new National Church of Scotland.
  China
  China's education began in the Chinese classical works, not a religious organization. Early Chinese officials appointed by the education management empire to the imperial examination system for selecting officials, was established in the Sui Dynasty, Tang Dynasty, Emperor Taizong improved examination system. Until the late Qing Dynasty in 1905 repealed and replaced by Western education.
  Japan
  Japan's education is closely related to the origin and religion. School is to train to become Buddhist monks wanted to study young people's temple. Later, the children would want to learn to "Tera-koya" (meaning temple huts), learn how to read and write Japanese.
  India
  The institutionalization of education in India has a long history.
  Recent trends in world education
  In the past few decades, were not any school education decreased the percentage of illiterate population. From 36% in 1960 to 25% in 2000.
  In developing countries, the percentage of illiteracy in 2000 only half of 1970. In developed countries, illiteracy has dropped from 6% to 1%, were not of school education from 5% to 2%.
  7, educational theory (education discipline system)
  * Philosophy of Education
  * The basic theory of education
  • Education Law
  • Education Management
  • Information Technology Education
  * Educational Technology, Educational Technology
  * Educational Technology
  • Education Economics
  * Educational Psychology
  * Sociology of Education
  • Education Futures
  * School of Health Studies
  * Comparative Education
  • Education statistics
  * Education and Communication
  * Effectiveness of school education
  • Teaching Science
  * Educational Assessment Study
  8, educational institutions
  * Nursery
  * Kindergarten
  * Primary School
  * Junior
  * Secondary School
  * Junior High School
  * Senior Vocational School
  * Institute of Technology
  * College
  * University
  * Library
  * Training
  * Tutorial
  * Ministry of Education
  IX Classification of Education
  * Filial piety education
  * Moral Education
  * Prenatal
  * Early Childhood Education
  * Classical Education
  * Primary Education
  * Secondary Education
  * Higher Education
  * Graduate Education
  * Undergraduate education, university education
  * Higher Education
  * Specialist Education
  * Compulsory
  * Life-long education
  * Vocational Education
  * Adult Education
  * Cadre Education
  * Distance Education
  * Correspondence
  * Work-study education
  * Mathematics Education
  * Language Education
  * Reading Education
  * Science Education
  * Information Technology in Education
  * Social Science Education
  * Art Education
  * Family Education
  * Special Education
  * Gifted Education
  * Supplementary Education
  * Sex
  1) means:
  Education is to cultivate people's social practice.
  General education refers to all purposeful physical development affect human social practice.
  The narrow sense refers to school education, primary education, that educators, social requirements and according to certain laws of development of the educated, purposeful, planned, organized physical and psychological influence on the educated, the educated of the expected changes in expectations activities.
  Education is a social phenomenon unique to human society, with the emergence of human society, development and production, developed (with human society, there is education).
  2) Education features:
  The characteristics of the original form of education: first, the integration of education with production and living, education, mainly for the production and life experience. Second, education means a single, limited to word of mouth. Third, education, equal rights, education, unity of purpose.
  Morphological characteristics of ancient education: a school education has become the main form of education. Second, the school has a distinct class and hierarchy. Third, school education and the separation of productive labor. Fourth, the development of education is relatively slow.
  The characteristics of the modern form of education: first, the secularization of education. Second, the nationalization of education. Third, the legal system of education. 4, primary obligation of. 5, school type diversification.
  Under the concept of lifelong education in the contemporary forms of education: first, lifelong education. Second, education of all citizens. Third, democratization of education. Fourth, the integration of education.
  3) the function of education:
  Means: the effectiveness of educational activities and functions.
  Including: the development of functional and social development of individual functions (education, economic functions, political functions, cultural functions).
  Education first and foremost function is to promote individual development. The most basic function of education is affecting economic development. The most direct function of education is to influence political developments. Education is the most far-reaching impact of cultural development function.
  10, education-related laws
  The People's Republic of China Education Law
  The People's Republic of China Compulsory Education Law
  Vocational Education Law of the People's Republic
  The People's Republic of China Private Education Promotion Law
  Related to education law
  The People's Republic of China Law on the Protection of Minors
  The People's Republic of China did not prevent adult crime law
  The People's Republic of China National Common Language Law
  Educational Administration and regulations
  National primary and secondary school pupils are temporary work regulations
  Interim Provisions of the State Council levy extra charges for education
  Literacy work regulations
  Nursery work regulations
  Sports Work
  School health regulations
  Prohibit the use of child labor regulations
  Teaching Achievement Award Regulations
  Disabled Education Ordinance
  Teacher Certification Regulations
  Local education laws and regulations
  Hebei Province, Chinese Language Application Management Ordinance
  Hebei Province, the implementation of "The People's Republic of China Compulsory Education Law" approach
  Hebei Province, the implementation of "Law of the People's Republic of teachers" approach
  Hebei Province, the implementation of "The People's Republic of China Vocational Education Law" means
  Hebei Province, the implementation of "The People's Republic of China Law on the Protection of Minors" approach
  Hebei Province-the-job staff of the Education Ordinance
  Compulsory Education Financing in Hebei Province to use regulations
  Educational Administration regulations and other regulatory documents
  Nursery work procedures
  Management of the primary rules
  Interim order special schools
  Interim Procedures for Migrating Children
  School Librarians (E) of order
  The provisions of Laboratory Schools
  Ordinary primary and secondary textbooks published regulations
  Ordinary primary and secondary audio and video materials recorded distribution complex regulations published
  Schools EDUCATIONAL order
  Interim Regulations on Secondary School Class
  Primary and Secondary School Provisional Regulations on Environmental Management
  Interim Measures of ordinary high school fees
  Primary and secondary school finance system
  Interim Provisions of educational supervision
  High School Assessment model acceptance criteria
  The provisions of Continuous Education of Teachers
  Principal training requirements
  Post primary school teachers tried Ordinance
  Post secondary school teachers tried Ordinance
  11, vocational education, professional class
  National Translation Certificate Examination (NAETI)
  CGFNS (U.S. nursing exam)
  National Qualification Examination for price appraisers guide
  Members of the quality of customs examination qualifying examination
  Registered structural engineer supervising engineer
  Teacher Qualification Examination practitioners
  Nurse Practitioners Licensing Examination for Pharmacist Examination
  Property Management Division Civil Service Examinations
  ISO9000 internal auditor business administration NVQ
  National Vocational Chinese Proficiency Test (ZHC) of the Police recruit
  Research analyst registration Constructor
  Web Designer Human Resource Management
  IELTS TOEFL
  3D Modeling Engineer
  12, reading education
  Opening - Reasons to promote children's reading
  Although far ancestors, worship is not dishonest. Children are stupid, they must read.
  London waste by waste, deterioration of law root cause. Tan Tianchi slow, the reasons people fall.
  For cause of peace and harmony must start from the root. Figure pull raging tide of crime, only Minglun and filial piety.
  Fundamental mistake to Zhimo, recognized as a fundamental Zhimo. Seeking to solve the problem, and have actually create problems.
  Only service this gentleman, this service Bangguo from Ning.
  The common saying goes: [teach children babies, early to teach women], children by nature are not contaminated before, good words easy to enter; preconceptions, and their long and not volatile; enemies of benevolence, confidence, the time required to train young; where the parents in their children when young, that is, when taught to recite the classic, to foster the fundamental wisdom and courage of your convictions; also knows the reason for retribution, Dunlun do per Road; if a small child, not teach, let it grow up the habit has become, could do nothing wrong!
  Three Character Classic, said: [support does not teach, the father had; lax in teaching, teachers lazy. ]; [To teach the road, you to post. ] Instead of Bo and miscellaneous; it a classic, should recite from 100 to 1000 times, Su says: [100 back tire of reading books, familiar food for thought child knowing. ] Is now teaching in Botswana and miscellaneous bad and does not cause moral and students re-reading, concentration of the culture, to have the bitter fruit of today is ... .... Look forward to wise parents and teachers, deep body of Sri Lanka aims; This is the lifeblood of Chinese culture, Chinese children and grandchildren can enjoy the peace of the key length, there are eye who, when the see this.
  13, Religious Education
  Modern people have a hard invisible, inexplicable pressure - hard, stuck in the whirlpool of emotions - pain, pressure of work - hard, forcing poor body - pain, all suffering, surrounded by almost all the time around, not careful, they will be tied to the body hard.
  But I do not know how to entertain those afflicted, and accumulated in one, we will feel life getting boring. Lost focus and direction in life, we must inevitably fall into lost, anxious, helpless ... and can really resolve the depression, eliminate dust, the only way to guide misery - religious education.
  Unfortunately, many people mistaken religion is superstition. In fact, religion is not superstition, nor philosophy, nor polytheism, which is a form of education. Education, how we physically and mentally in this life had a stable life, teaches us how to do good and do good man, improve the quality of life, away from the pain and live a happy successful lives. Here, we collect recorded nine religious doctrine and spirit, blessing you can be helpless in a bright light to guide you to a firm and sincere faith and spirituality, Looking bright life.



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