唐代 作者列表
李隆基李世民李治李显李旦
李亨李适李昂李忱李晔
李豫李渊李重茂李诵李纯
李恒李湛李瀍李漼李儇
唐哀帝沈法兴李子通刘黑闼王摩沙
李忱
Li Chen
唐代  (810年859年)
网笔号: 元圣至明成武献文睿智章仁神聪懿道大孝皇帝
庙号: 宣宗
陵墓: 贞陵
开端终结
在位847年859年
大中847年元月860年十月
阅读李忱
Li Chen在
诗海的作品!!!


诗词《百丈山
Baizhang Mountain》
  《吊白居易
condole Bai Juyi》
  《幸华严寺
Fortunately Huayansi》
  《重阳锡宴群臣
The double ninth festival Tin Yan ministers》
  《题泾县水西寺
inscribe Jing county Water West Temple》
  《瀑布联句
chute joint sentences》
  《句
sentence》
  

  宣宗皇帝。帝讳忱,宪宗第十三子。初名怡,封光王。会昌六年,立为皇太叔。恭俭好善,虚襟听纳。大中之政,有贞观风。每曲宴,与学士倡和;公卿出镇,多赋诗饯行。重科第,留心贡举。常微行,采舆论,察知选士之得失。其对朝臣,必问及第与所试诗赋题。主司姓氏,苟有科名对者,必大喜。或佳人物偶不中第,必叹息移时。常于内自题乡贡进士李道龙云。在位十三年,谥曰献文。诗六首。
  
  唐宣宗李忱(810年-859年),唐朝第十六位皇帝(847年—859年在位,未算武周政权),初名怡,前身是光王,在位13年。唐宪宗李纯十三子,元和五年(810年)六月二十二日生于大明宫,是唐穆宗李恒的弟弟,唐武宗李炎的叔叔。
  
  【生平】
  宣宗勤于政事,孜孜求治。他非常喜欢读《贞观政要》。他重新整顿吏治,并且限制皇亲和宦官。他把死于甘露之变中的除郑李之外的百官全部昭雪,也曾经想根除宦官,但鉴于甘露之变的前车之鉴,未能有所行动。 宣宗勤俭治国,体贴百姓,减少赋税,注重人才选拔,阶级矛盾有所缓和,百姓日渐富裕,使十分腐败的唐朝呈现出“中兴”的小康局面,史称大中之治。宣宗一即位,就把武宗朝的宰相,晚唐重臣李德裕贬出朝廷。一直到死,李德裕也未能还朝。又重用牛党的白敏中为相。延续几十年的牛李党争最后以李党的彻底失败告终。对外关系上,唐宣宗还趁吐蕃、回纥衰微,派兵收复了河湟之地,平定了吐蕃,“收三州七关,平江岭以南”,名义上打通了丝绸之路。
  进宣宗收复河湟诗
  [唐]崔铉
  边陲万里注恩波,宇宙群芳洽凯歌。右地名王争解辫,
  远方戎垒尽投戈。烟尘永息三秋戍,瑞气遥清九折河。
  共遇圣明千载运,更观俗阜与时和。
  大中十三年(859)五月起,宣宗因为食用仙丹中毒,身体状况已经很糟了,一连一个多月都不能上朝。到了八月,病入膏肓的宣宗一病归西了。嗣后宫中又是变故频频,而宣宗已是无知无觉了。他一直信任的宰相令狐绹摄冢宰负责治丧,为他做了最后一件事。群臣上谥号曰圣武献文孝皇帝,庙号宣宗。第二年二月,葬于贞陵。
  历史上评价说,宣宗在位期间曾经烧过三把火,一把火使“权豪敛迹”,二把火使“奸臣畏法”,三把火使“阍寺詟气”,并称誉他为“明君”、“英主”。综观宣宗50年的人生,他曾经为祖宗基业做过不懈的努力,这无疑延缓了唐帝国走向衰败的大势,但是他又无法彻底扭转这一趋势。当大厦之将倾,谁又有雄才大略能施展回天之力呢?!
  宣宗性明察沉断,用法无私,从谏如流,重惜官赏,恭谨节俭,惠爱民物,故大中之政,讫于唐亡,人思咏之,谓之小太宗。
  
  “小太宗”与“小贞观”
  大家都知道唐太宗以及他一手开创的贞观盛世是一个什么概念,而宣宗李忱的成就竟然能用太宗和贞观盛世来形容,可见其不凡之处。二十年来的政治斗争经验锻炼了他的权谋智略,流落民间的非人待遇使他更加了解民间疾苦,这些都在李忱登基之后井喷般的爆发出来!李忱先是用极短的时间将武宗时重臣李德裕清除出庙堂,远调荆南节度使,这样的雷霆手段甚至使李德裕的政敌牛僧孺都感到措手不及,之后大加起用重视科举出身的牛党成员,并且宣宗本人极其重视科举。武宗时曾经在全国范围内大举灭佛,在宣宗朝也得到了适当的恢复。
  另外大中四年,孤悬于外的沙州(今敦煌)军民,在张义潮的带领下驱逐了吐蕃守将夺回了沙州,并在大中五年重新归附唐朝。
  宣宗也极擅于操控群臣,大中年间最得宣宗圣眷的宰相令狐绚就曾说过:“我秉政十年,皇上对我非常信任,但是在延英殿奏事时,没有一次不是汗流浃背。”但是宣宗极度礼遇大臣,施之以情待之以礼,非常的恭敬,如此一来恩威并重以威权驾御大臣,被称之为智术治国。
  宣宗还极度平易近人,宫中一些低下的杂役,只要宣宗见过一面就能记住对方的长相和名字以及所负责的工作,从来没有弄错过,这些宫人如果生病,宣宗还会派御医去为其诊治,甚至还会亲自前往探视病情和赏赐物品,这在历代君王中可以说是极其罕见的。
  宣宗在性事方面也是极端的自律,甚至可以被称之为偏执,曾经有地方献给宣宗一支女子组成的歌舞乐队,其中有位绝色佳丽被宣宗收入后宫加意宠幸,一段时间之后宣宗认为这样下去有可能会重现玄宗朝之故事。于是为了断绝自己对这名女子的想念,宣宗干脆将她一杯毒酒送上了黄泉之路,如此之行为简直可以称之为可怖。(关于这件事,史家也有争执,特此注明)
  但是对于日益严重的宦官问题,宣宗鉴于“甘露之变”一样没有太好的办法,尤其宣宗本人是被宦官所救,又是被宦官所拥立,所以他只能在一些较小的范围之内对宦官势力做一些尽可能的约束。不过由于宣宗处置得当,大中年间宦官势力没有过于膨胀,也没有对国家造成较大的危害。
  宣宗身上还有很多其它的优点,诸如多才多艺,生活节俭,喜爱读书等等。关于这些优点,基本可以参照其他有名的明君生平,在这不再做详细叙述。
  
  唐宣宗重视人才
  唐宣宗李忱即位(公元847年)后,决定宰相的人选,首先想到的是白居易,但下诏时,白居易已去世八个月了。于是,唐宣宗写下《吊白居易》,深表怀念之情。 缀玉联珠六十年,谁教冥路作诗仙。 浮云不系白居易,造化无为子乐天。 童子解吟长恨曲,胡儿能唱琵琶篇。 文章已满行人耳,一度思卿一怆然。这首诗比喻巧妙,语言晓畅,思念故人,情感深沉,对白居易的巨大文艺成就作了高度的形象的概括,表达了作者沉痛的惋惜之情。缀玉,文章字字如缀玉;联珠,诗歌象珍珠串联。缀玉联珠,比喻白居易一生留下了大量优美动人的诗文佳作。白居易生于公元772年,病死于846年,说他有六十年的创作生涯是实写。说他是“诗仙”,是誉美之辞。人们称李白为“诗仙”,仔细想起来,唐代的李白、杜甫、白居易都是令人注目的大诗人,称白居易为“诗仙”也可以理解和接受。“浮云”二句表述惋惜之情,人才难得。白居易先后在杭州、苏州任刺史,增筑湖堤,蓄水灌田;疏浚水井,以利饮用。他的政绩为世人所知,离苏州时,“郡中士民涕泣相送”。后拜秘书监,次年转刑部尚书。但晚年不得志。58岁时定居洛阳。正要重用他时,得知他仙逝,这对宣宗来说,是出乎意料的悲痛。“童子”二句重点突出白居易的两篇代表作《长恨歌》、《琵琶行》,以表示对白居易的无限敬重和怀念。我们知道,《长恨歌》是脍炙人口的名篇,以精练的语言、优美的形象,叙事和抒情相结合,叙述了唐玄宗、杨贵妃在安史之乱中的爱情悲剧,“长恨”是它的主题。叙事、写景、抒情,和谐地结合,回环往复,婉转动人,缠绵悱恻。《琵琶行》和《长恨歌》各具特色。它们一直传诵国内外,“童子解吟长恨曲,胡儿能唱琵琶篇”;显示了强大的艺术生命力。《琵琶行》展现了琵琶女起伏回荡的心潮,抒发了“长安故倡”的“天涯沦落之恨”,也抒发了作者的“天涯沦落之恨”(见洪迈《容斋随笔》卷七)。 “文章”两句,进一步表达了作者对白居易的器重、难以割舍、无比悲怆的内心世界。白居易著作《白氏文集》收诗文3800篇,成75卷。传世名篇有《新乐府》50首、《秦中吟》10首。如《卖炭翁》、《观刈麦》、《轻肥》几乎家喻户晓。他的《策林》75篇纵论天下大事,内容切实,见解精辟;他的《与元九书》洋洋洒洒、夹叙夹议,是唐代批评文学的重要文献;他的《草堂记》、《冷泉亭记》等,写景状物,旨趣隽永,历来为人重视。唐宣宗是爱才的,爱的就是白居易这样的杰出人才。白居易不仅有文才,而且有从政之才。他在野时撰写诗文,才华出众;从政时颇有业绩,光彩照人。对比之下,唐宣宗对那些目无法纪、仗势凌人、欺压无辜的所谓“人才”是毫不留情的。例如,有个乐工叫罗程,善于演奏琵琶,宣宗通晓音律,很喜欢他。但是,罗程恃才横暴,以小故杀人,被捕入狱。有些乐工罗拜于庭对唐宣宗哭诉道:“罗程负陛下,万死,然臣等惜其天下绝艺,不得复奉宴游矣!”唐宣宗果断地回答:“汝曹所惜者罗程;朕所惜者高祖、唐宗法。”于是还是把罗程处以死刑。不仅如此,唐宣宗对亲属也不姑息。其舅郑光为节度使,唐宣宗与郑光讨论为政之道;郑光应对鄙浅,宣宗不悦,郑光终不复任民官。由于宣宗明察果断,用法无私,从谏如流,恭谨节俭,后人称他为“小太宗”。(陆钦)
  
  【老有诗话】唐宣宗诗吊白居易
  白居易去世后,唐宣宗(李忱)有《吊白居易》(见《全唐诗》卷四)诗云:
  缀玉联珠六十年,
  谁教冥路作诗仙。
  浮云不系白居易,
  造化无为字乐天。
  童子解吟长恨曲,
  胡儿能唱琵琶篇。
  文章已满行人耳,
  一度思君一怆然!
  皇帝为一个诗人作悼亡诗,这在古代不说绝无仅有,恐也属凤毛麟角。白居易当然也是官员,但宣宗完全是当作诗人来描述的,足见白居易当时的诗名。诗中概括了诗人的创作生涯,称赞其作品的通俗易懂和广为人知,也表露了对这位名满天下的诗人惋惜和悼念之情。在当时诗人能获此殊荣,也可含笑于九泉了。
  
  严教子女唐宣宗
  唐宣宗是一个提倡节俭的皇帝,对于子女的要求更是严格,几乎到了不尽人情的程度。
  他的大女儿万寿公主,下嫁给起居郎郑颢,按常例要用银箔饰车,从宣宗开始,改为铜饰。公主出嫁时,宣宗亲自告诫她,到夫家要严守妇道,不得以皇家贵胄轻视夫族。有一回,驸马的弟弟郑觊得了重病,宣宗打发中使去探望。中使回朝,宣宗询问公主在否,中使答,公主在慈恩寺观戏。宣宗大怒,说:“朕有时怪士大夫家不愿娶公主为妻,至今才知其情。”于是命人把公主叫来,当面斥责道:“小郎有病,你为何不去看视,反倒去看戏?成何体统!”公主一看父皇发怒,吓得连忙请罪,表示洗心革面,不再敢犯。
  让人吃惊的是,宣宗的二女儿永福公主,已经选定于综为驸马,下日就要下嫁,公主也很高兴。偏偏在一次和宣宗同席吃饭时,因为一点儿小事怄气,把筷子折断。宣宗大动肝火,愤然说:“你这般性情,怎么能嫁到士大夫家做媳妇?”当即传旨,令四女广德公主下嫁于综。就这样,永福公主眼睁地看着自己的未婚夫被父皇夺去,送给了妹妹。
  
  唐宣宗是否做过和尚
  唐宣宗为僧之事的来源,主要是韦昭度的《读皇室运寻》和令孤的《贞陵遗事》,在这两篇文章中,他们说唐武宗为了争夺皇位,曾想杀死光王(即后来唐宣宗),于是派中常侍四人将光王抓来,浸在宫内厕所里,有个叫仇公武的宦官有心搭救,便假意借口已杀死光王,而将其送出皇室。三年后,武宗死,宦官头子才将光王请出来当皇室。文章虽然写得很隐晦,并没有直接说明宣宗曾经出家为僧,但当时这种传说确已出现,或许,这就是传说流传的一个原因吧。五代时《中朝故事》、《北梦琐言》及宋陆游《避暑漫钞》中也都有光王潜逃到江南遁入空门的简略记载。五代末,宋初人赞宁《宋高僧传》也说,宣宗为僧,曾游方到杭州,齐安禅师很好地照看了他。宣宗即位时,齐安已死,宣宗为了报恩,便敕赐寺名,谥齐安为悟空大师,还御制哀诗悼念。此外,在禅宗的名僧希运《黄檗宛陵录》中也有记载,说唐宣宗为沙弥时,曾见黄檗大师大佛殿上礼佛,便问,“不看佛求,不看法求,不看众求,长老礼拜当何所求?”于是两人一问一答,就说起公案来。禅宗以说“公案”代替说经,这次两人的谈话,还成了以“黄襞礼佛”为命名的有名的“公案”。希运在江西主安黄檗山路过,传说还曾和正在该山做沙弥的唐宣宗一同观瀑布,吟诗作赋。
  但是,也有些学者认为,唐宣宗为僧的传说,主要来源于佛教中人。虽然一些文人大夫们曾经有过这方面的记载,但也都是从他们那里听来的,那么,为什么在佛教僧人中会传出唐宣宗曾经出家为僧的传说呢?其原因是,唐武宗时,曾对佛教进行过毁灭性的打击,引起佛教僧人的强烈不满,他们对武宗怀有愤恨之心,到处捏造武宗的坏话,败坏其名声。日本当时有一位名叫圆仁的僧人听到这些事实后,还将其记载到《大唐求法巡礼记》这本书中。宣宗即位后,重兴佛教,这些佛教僧人自然是感激不尽,想方设法把唐宣宗拉作自己的靠山,为光大佛教,这些僧人大造舆论,于是就在他们中传出宣宗出家为僧,并一直和禅宗名僧在一起之事。
  关于宣宗为僧的传说,随着时间的推移,流传越广,也传得越来越神奇。到明代时,有一名僧圆悟禅师在其撰的《碧岩集》中,是这样记载的:宣宗少时,爬到哥哥穆宗的龙床上,作出接见大臣的姿态,穆宗非常赞赏。武宗即位后,记起此事,便心存疑忌,想害死宣宗,宣宗不得不逃走,就在香严智闲和尚门下剃度为僧。后随智闲和尚来到江西庐山,两人同观瀑布,智闲提出要作诗,其动机是觉得此人气度不凡,想趁机考考他,以判断其底细究竟怎样,便先吟出两句诗:“穿云透石不辞劳,地远方知出处高。”宣宗接着吟到:“溪涧岂能留得住,终归大海作波涛。”智闲和尚见此人学识渊博,气度不凡,便以礼相待。后来在一次盐官会上,希运是首座法师,在其礼拜时,两人就谈起“公案”来,在这里,与《黄檗宛陵录》中所记载不同的是,将智闲和尚代替了黄檗禅师,地点也由黄檗山变成了江西庐山。另外,在《黄檗万福禅诗志》中也有关于唐宣宗为僧的记载,该书中则将地点又搬至福清黄檗山,将黄檗禅师观瀑布所吟的两句诗也改为:“千岩万壑不辞劳,远看方知出处高。唐宣宗所吟的两句诗倒没有改。《禅诗志》中还说,唐宣宗来到福清黄檗山后,又南行至惠安观看洛阳江,再南行至同安,还出现了所谓神象夜间出来迎接宣宗到来之事。
  查阅新旧《唐书》、《资治通鉴》等有关正史,虽并无发现唐宣宗为僧的史料记载,但其中也确有些地方让人揣测不透。比如在《旧唐书·唐宣宗本纪》中就记载有宣宗为光王时为了避祸,假装痴呆,文宗、武宗常常在宴会上把他当作笑料,武宗气盛,对他更加傲慢无礼等等之词。接着又云:“宣宗皇帝器识深远,久历艰难,备知民间疾苦。”如此等等。综上所述,我们不能不提出以下问题:第一,如果说宣宗为僧之事完全出自文人士大夫和僧人的杜撰,那么正史中“久历艰难,备知民间疾苦”又从何而来?第二,宣宗为光王时,是否因为受到武宗的迫害,被迫流落民间,隐匿为僧呢?即使退一步说,假若宣宗真的隐匿为僧,武宗病死于会昌六年(公元846 年),宦官立其为皇太叔,不几日,唐宣宗便登基即位,时间仅仅相隔10余天,宦官们在找到他之前,就非常肯定地认为一定能够找到他,而且会这样容易地就将他找到?此外,众所周知,宣宗是一位恩怨分明、报复心理极强的人,如果真像传说的那样,武宗曾差点将其迫害致死,那么他即位后,竟然不对武宗进行任何报复?有一次,朝臣李景让以叔不应拜侄为由,奏请将武宗等神主迁出太庙,宣宗将这件事让群臣议论,结果不了了之,并未采纳李景让的建议。
  看来,唐宣宗是否做过和尚一事,根据现存的史料,很难给它定下结论,只有等到发现新的材料后,再去揭开这历史之谜吧。
  
  【后妃】
  皇后
  元昭皇后晁氏 晁皇后生唐懿宗、万寿公主,晁美人逝世后被追封昭容、皇太后,后被追谥为元昭皇后
  
  【子女】
  子
  唐懿宗李漼
  靖怀太子李渼,会昌六年始封雍王。大中六年薨,有诏追册。
  雅王李泾,大中元年始王。亡薨年。
  通王李滋,
  庆王李沂,大中十四年薨。
  濮王李泽,大中二年始王。亡薨年。
  鄂王李润,大中五年始王。乾符三年薨。
  怀王李洽,大中八年与昭、康二王同封。亡薨年。
  昭王李汭,乾符三年薨。
  康王李汶,乾符四年薨。
  广王李澭,大中十一年始王,与卫王同封。乾符四年薨。
  卫王李灌,大中十四年薨。
  女
  万寿公主,母晁皇后。公主下嫁郑颢。公主为唐宣宗所宠爱,前此下诏:“先王制礼,贵贱共之。万寿公主奉舅姑,宜从士人法。”旧制:车舆以镣金扣饰。帝曰:“我以俭率天下,宜自近始,易以铜。”公主次每进见,帝必谆勉笃诲,曰:“无鄙夫家,无干时事。”又说:“太平公主、安乐公主之祸,不可不戒!”故诸主祗畏,争为可喜事。唐宣宗遂下诏:“夫妇,教化之端。其公主、县主有子而寡,不得改嫁。”
  永福公主,曾许嫁于琮。
  齐国恭怀公主,始封西华公主。下嫁严祁。祁为刑部侍郎。主薨大中时,追赠及谥。
  广德公主,下嫁于琮。初,琮尚永福公主,公主与帝食,怒折匕箸,帝曰:“此可为士人妻乎?”更许琮尚主。许琮为黄巢所害,广德公主哭着说道:“今日谊不独存,贼宜杀我!”巢不许,乃缢室中。主治家有礼法,尝从琮贬韶州,侍者才数人,却州县馈遗。凡内外冠、婚、丧、祭,主皆身答劳,疏戚咸得其心,为世闻妇。
  义和公主。
  饶安公主。
  盛唐公主。
  平原公主,薨咸通时,已而追封。
  唐阳公主。
  许昌庄肃公主,下嫁柳陟。薨中和时。
  丰阳公主。
  
  【疑案】
  为什么宦官拥立这样一位贤明皇帝呢?是不是宦官们脑子坏了呢?那当然不是。在这里我给大家作解释:李忱幼时聪明,为了振兴李唐,只有夺得皇位,现在势力最大的是宦官,只有借助他们才可以登上皇位,于是他装出一副憨傻的样子,蒙过了宦官,宦官认为他好被控制,所以将他抬上皇位。看来,李忱真是一个厉害之人哪!
  
  【李忱年表大事】
  公元810年,唐宪宗李纯之子李忱出生,原名李怡。
  公元846年,宦官拥立李忱即位。
  公元848年,李党领袖李德裕被罢免后,流放崖州而死。
  公元859年,唐宣宗李忱因服食丹药过量而死。


  Emperor Xuan Zong emperor. Royal taboo Chen, Kenso the 13th child. First name Yi, Feng Wang of light. Huichang six years, established as Huang Tai-tert. Gong Jian is good, virtual lapel listen satisfied. Sized the government, there Zhenguan wind. Each song feast, and advocate and degree; or poor out of town, and more compose poetry farewell. Re Cody, carefully Imperial Examination. Chang Wei Xing, mining public opinion, detection means of election of the gains and losses. Their courtiers, and the third test will ask questions of Poetry. Primarily of surnames, there Gou Fatalism on who will be overjoyed. Or even good people are not the first, will sigh when they moved. Since the question often in the inner Scholars Lidao Long Yun Heung Gong. Reigned 10 years, posthumous said, the text offered. Six Poems.
  Emperor Xuānzong Li Chen (810 -859 years), the 16th emperor of Tang Dynasty (847 -859 years in office, which was not Wuzhou Zheng right), first name Yee, formerly known as light king, reigned 13 years. Emperor Xian Zong Li Chun 13 children, yuan and five years (810 years) was born June 22 Daming Palace, is the younger brother of Li Heng Tang Mu cases, Tang Wuzong Li Yan's uncle.
  Life】 【
  He Huang Shi Jin Xuanzong recovered
  [Tang] Choi Hyun
  Notes Enpo border thousands of miles, contact the triumph Kwan Fong universe. Wang dispute the right solution names braided,
  Rong Ge base vote to make the distance. Interest Sanqiu dust Wing Shu, Qing Jiu Zhe River auspicious away.
  Carrying a total of 1000 case of noble and wise, but with the concept of popular and Fu.
  Dazhong 10 years (859) in May, the Emperor Xuan Zong as the panacea to food poisoning, health has been bad, and can not be more than a month towards a row. To August, the Emperor Xuan Zong of a terminally ill patient soon died of. Subsequent changes in his palace is frequently, but Xuanzong is asleep on the. He has confidence in Prime Minister Ling Hu Tao Photo The Chief Minister is responsible for funeral, as he did one last thing. The ministers on the posthumous title Hao Yue Xiao Sheng Wu Xianwen Emperor, the posthumous names of Emperor Xuan Zong. The second year in February, buried Ching Ling.
  Evaluation of the history that has been burnt during the reign of Emperor Xuan Zong three fire, a fire to make "the right to Howe died down," the second fire to "fear a traitor Law", three fire to "steel gas Temple be frightened," and praised him for the "Wise King", "British Lord." Looking Xuanzong 50 years of life, he has done for the Zuzong Ji industry unremitting efforts, which undoubtedly delayed the Tang Empire to the general trend of decline, but he could not completely reverse this trend. When the building is going to dump, who can display their Huitianzhili there such thing as what? !
  Journal of Mintsa Xuanzong off, use the selfless, listened, as flow, re-pity official tours, reverent thrift, Hui Oi things, so that large and medium for political, finished in the Tang dead, people think Wing, said that a small Taizong.
  "Little Emperor Taizong" and "Little Golden Years"
  Also sized four years, Loneliness in the sand outside the state (now Dunhuang) soldiers and civilians, in Zhang Chao, led by recapturing the expulsion of the Tibetan Morimasa sand state, and five years to re-join themselves to the Tang Dynasty in the medium and large.
  Xuanzong also very good at manipulating the ministers, most were among a large middle-aged dependents of the prime minister Linghu Xuanzong Xuan St., once said: "I Illustrative years, I am the emperor of the trust, but Zou Shi Yan Ying Palace, no one is not sweat. "Xuanzong extremely courteous, but the Minister, be applied with affection by ethics, very respectful, this way of controlling the Minister of Grace and with authority, intelligence technique called rule.
  Xuanzong also very approachable, the palace of some low boots, as long as can remember Xuanzong seen side of each other's appearance and name and the charge of the work, has never made a mistake, that these house fall ill, physician to Emperor Xuan Zong will send their treatment, even in person to visit the disease and also reward items, which can be the kings is extremely rare.
  Xuanzong in respect of a matter is of extreme self-discipline, and even can be called bigotry, a place dedicated to Emperor Xuan Zong had formed a women's dance band, which bit stunning contestants were intended to increase Xuanzong harem favorite of income, after a period of time that such Xuanzong There may be reproduced reign down towards the story. So to cut off the woman's own miss, Xuanzong to simply send her a cup of poisoned wine the way their lives, so you can simply call it a terrible act. (In this case, historians have a dispute, hereby specify)
  But for more serious eunuch problems Xuanzong 鉴于 "Sweet Dew", have no good way, especially Xuanzong I was rescued by eunuchs, You are eunuchs are crowned, so he could only scope for some small Eunuch power to do something within the constraints as much as possible. However, as Xuanzong proper disposal of large middle-aged is not too expansive force between the eunuchs, and no cause greater harm to the country.
  Xuanzong who have many other advantages, such as the versatile, thrifty life, love reading and so on. On these advantages, which can be reference to other famous could maintain life, described in detail in this is no longer.
  Emperor Xuānzong focus on talent
  Poetry】 【old and hanging Bai Shi Emperor Xuānzong
  Bai after the death of Emperor Xuānzong (Li Chen) has "suspended the Line" (see "Quan Tang Shi" volume IV) poem:
  Jade beads decorated six years together,
  Who taught Ming Road for Shixian.
  Clouds do not line Bai,
  Good luck words Lotte inaction.
  Boy Solution Yin Regret song
  Hu Pipa children can sing articles.
  The article is full pedestrian ears
  Once Sijun a sorrowful!
  The emperor as a poet to make poetry, which in ancient times is not that rare, they may also be rare. Bai officials of course, but Xuanzong entirely be described as a poet, the poem was evident Bai name. Poem sums up the poet's creative career, praised his work easy to understand and widely known, was revealed to the poet, the renowned the world over lament and mourning. To honor the poet at the time, but also smiling at the Jiuquan had.
  Strict with their children the Emperor Xuānzong
  Emperor Xuānzong is a thrift, the emperor, for the children require more strict, almost to the extent not entirely human.
  Surprising is that Xuanzong's second daughter, Princess Yongfu, has been selected as the consort prince in the consolidated, the next day we should marry, the princess is very happy. Coincidentally at the same time and Xuanzong I eat, because a little small Ouqi, the broken chopsticks. Xuanzong Dadongganhuo, angrily said: "You're such a nature, how can you do at home wife married scholar?" Edicts have come immediately, so that four women in the consolidated Guangde Princesses. In this way, Yongfu Princess Yanzheng looked at his fiance was Fu Huang claimed, gave his sister.
  Emperor Xuānzong monk is done
  Emperor Xuānzong the source of things for the monks, mainly Wei Zhao degree, "read the Royal search operation" and that alone of the "Ching Ling Kingdoms", in these two articles, they said Tang Wuzong to fight for the throne, wanted to kill Light King (later Emperor Xuānzong), was allocated Attendants captured four people will be the king of light, immersed in intrauterine toilet, determined to rescue a man named Chou Gongwu the eunuchs, they pretend to have an excuse to kill the king of light, and to Send Royal. Three years later, Wu Zong died, chief eunuch only will light up when the king requested the royal family. Although the article was very vague, and did not directly explain Xuanzong had become a monk, but there was indeed such a legend, perhaps, this is one reason why it legends. Five hours, "Korea Story," "Bei" and Lu Song "Summer Man notes," also has a light the king fled to the south fled to the Buddhism of the brief record. Five at the end, people praise Ning Song "Song Monks," also said that Emperor Xuan Zong for the monks, who travel side to Hangzhou, Ciampi good care of his Master. Xuanzong throne, the Ciampi dead, Xuanzong to gratitude, it Chici temple name, posthumous master Qi security for the Monkey King, also Emperor sad poem mourning. In addition, Zen's Famous Monk Greek Games, "Wan Ling Huang Bo Lu" There are also records that Emperor Xuānzong for the monks, the Buddha had seen the sons of Master Huang Bo bowing, asked, "do not look at Buddha to seek, do not view demand, not the public demand , Presbyterian Sunday when asked for what? "So the two questions and answers, the detective to talk about. Zen to say "legal case" instead of that through, the two men talk, it becomes a "yellow fold bowing" as the name of the famous "detective." Greek transport in Jiangxi Road, off the main security Huang Bo, legend had also and are doing the Mountain View novices Emperor Xuānzong with waterfalls, stonewalls.
  Xuanzong for the monks on the legend, as time goes on, the more widely spread, but also travels more and more magical. To the Ming Dynasty, there were a Buddhist monk in his essays round Gordon's "Blue Rock Collection", which is documented that: Xuanzong is low, climbed to the brother Mouzon dragon bed, to meet the Minister's attitude, Mouzon very much appreciated. Takemune came to the throne, remember this, we feel jealous, want to kill Emperor Xuan Zong, Emperor Xuan Zong had to escape, on the busy Hong Yan Chi ordained a Buddhist monk monk sects. Busy with Chile after the monks came to Lushan, Jiangxi, two waterfalls with the concept, intellectual leisure proposed to poetry, the motive is that this extraordinary degree of popularity, would like to take the opportunity to quiz him to determine exactly how their bottom line, we first Yinchu 2 Poem: "through the clouds through the stone to endure labor, to know the source of high distance." Emperor Xuan Zong Yin then to: "How can streams retain, after all the sea for the waves." intellectual leisure monk met with the person knowledgeable and grace, it treated with respect. Later, in a Yanguan at the Greek Games were the first Master, in his prayer, the two would talk about "Detective" Come here, and "Huang Bo Wan Ling Lu" is different in the records will be wise idle monk instead of the Zen master Huang Bo, location has become from the Huang Bo Jiangxi Lushan Mountain. In addition, "Huang Bo Wan Fu Chi Buddhist Poems," also a Buddhist monk on the Emperor Xuānzong records, the book will be moved to another location in Fuqing Huang Bo mountain, waterfall view of the Zen master Huang Bo Yin's two poems to read: "1000 Rock myriad endure labor, a distance, we know the source of the high. Emperor Xuānzong poem by Yin did not change back. "Buddhist Poems Chi" also said the Emperor Xuānzong to Fuqing Huang Bo Hill, the then south to Hoi An watch Luoyang River, then south to the Tongan, there was even a night out to meet the so-called God, as a matter of the arrival of Emperor Xuan Zong.
  Search new and old, "Tang", "Mirror" and the official history, although not found in historical records, Emperor Xuānzong for the monks, but also did not speculate on some of the local people through. For example, in "Old Tang Emperor Xuānzong of the century" on the record with Xuanzong to light when the king to avoid misfortune and pretend dementia, master of literature, Takemune often at the banquet to him as a joke, Takemune fit, more arrogant and rude to him more words. Then others but know yourself: "Emperor Xuan Zong emperor device profound knowledge, Jiu Li difficult, prepare to know the people's plight." And so on. In summary, we can not but raise the following questions: First, if the Emperor Xuan Zong things are totally out for the monks and the monks invented literati, then official history, "Jiu Li difficult sufferings of the people prepared to know," come from? Second, when the king Xuanzong to light, could it be that Takemune persecution, forced out onto the private, hiding it for the monk? a step back, if Xuanzong really hidden as a monk, Takemune Huichang died in six years (AD 846) , eunuchs stand it as Huang Tai uncle, a few days, then ascended the throne ascended the throne Emperor Xuānzong time just a little more than 10 days before the eunuchs in to find him, they are very confident that we can find him, and so will he easily find? In addition, we all know, is a Enyuanfenming Xuanzong, revenge strong person, and if, as rumored, Takemune had almost to persecuted to death, he ascended the throne, it actually does not Takemune any retaliation? one occasion, courtier Li Jing to tert nephew should not worship the ground that such ancestral petitioned to move out of Imperial Ancestral Temple Takemune, Xuanzong this matter to the ministers discuss the results let the matter rest, so that the proposal does not adopt Li Jing.
  It appears that Emperor Xuānzong regarding whether the monks did, according to the existing historical data, it is difficult to give it to a conclusion, only until the discovery of new materials, the go reveal this historical mystery.
  Empress】 【
  Empress
  Empress Yuan Chao Tang Chao Chao Queen's Health Yizong, Wanshou princess, after the death of beauty bestowed Zhao Rong Chao, Empress Dowager, after chasing posthumous title Empress Chao-yuan
  】 【Children
  Son
  Li Cui Tang Yizong
  Prince Huai Jing Li ripple, Feng Yong Wang Huichang six years before. Dazhong years pass away, You Zhao chasing volumes.
  Ya Li Jing Wang, medium and large before the first year of the king. In death pass away.
  Tong Wang Li Zi,
  Li Yi Qing Wang, medium and large 14-year death of a prince.
  Pu Wang Victor, medium and large two years before the king. In death pass away.
  Lee Yoon-E Wang, Dazhong five years before the king. Qian Fu for three years pass away.
  Huai WANG Li contact, medium and large eight and Chiu, Hong 2 Wang Feng. In death pass away.
  King Zhao Rui Li, Qian Fu for three years pass away.
  Kang Li Wen, Qian Fu four years pass away.
  Wang Guang Li Yong, Wang Dazhong eleven years before, and Wei Wang Feng. Qian Fu four years pass away.
  Wei Wang Li irrigation, medium and large 14-year death of a prince.
  Female
  Wanshou princess, queen mother of Chao. Princesses Zheng Hao. Princess's favorite for the Emperor Xuānzong, previously issued an edict: "the old king ritual, something which a total of. Wanshou Princess Feng Jiu Gu, Yi Shi and law." The old system: car gold buckles opinion to Click. The emperor said: "I am thrifty rate of the world, should start from near and easy to copper." Princess times per Jin Jian, Emperor will Zhun Min Du Hui, said: "No mean person at home, have nothing to do current affairs." Said: "Peace Princess, An Legong master of evil, can not not quit! "it is only afraid of all the Lord, can compete for the wedding. Emperor Xuānzong then issued an edict: "couples, educate the client. The Princess, the county primary has a son and widowed, not remarried."
  Yongfu princess, who married in Cong Xu.
  Princess Huai Qi Guogong before sealing West Princess. Yan Qi marry. Qi is the vice-minister. Sized when the main pass away, and the posthumous posthumously.
  Canton de princess, married to Cong. Early Cong Shang Yongfu Princess, Princess and Royal Food, anger folding dagger chopsticks, emperor said: "This could be for the scholar's wife?" He also is still the main Xu Cong. Xu Cong was victimized by Huang Chao, Kwong Tak said the Princess cried: "Friends will not only exist today, a thief should kill me!" Nest allowed, is constriction room. Attending home and courteous law, to try demoted from Cong Shaozhou, the waiter only a few people, but counties feedback left. All internal and external champion, marriage, death, sacrifice, both the main body A labor, Qi Shu Xian obtaining the heart, for the women's world news.
  Justice and princesses.
  Raoan Gong master.
  Tang princess.
  Plain Princess, pass away when the Northern Sung Painting, Yier bestowed.
  Tang Yang Princess.
  Xuchang Zhuang Su Princess to marry Liu Zhi. Death of a prince and in time.
  Feng Yang Princess.
  】 【Mystery
  Why such a wise eunuch crowned emperor? Is not a eunuch who heads the worse? Of course not. Here I explain to you: Li Chen childhood wise, in order to revitalize the Tang, and only won the throne, is now the most powerful eunuch, can only help them to ascend the throne, so he pretended to look Hansha Mongolia had a eunuch, eunuchs that he better be controlled, so he was carried to the throne. It seems that Li Chen is really what a powerful person!
  Chronology of events】 【Lee Chen
  In 810 AD, Emperor Xian Zong Li Chun Li Chen was born the son, formerly known as Yi Li.
  AD 846, the eunuch Li Li Chen own throne.
  AD 848, Li Leader ranking positions were dismissed after the exiled Office Location of Yazhou died.
  AD 859, Emperor Xuānzong Li Chen died after taking over the immortality.
    

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