End of spring Timely rainfall poem》 《题程修己竹障
Way to cultivate oneself and bamboo barrier question》 《宫中题
Palace question》 《上巳日赐裴度
Had bestowed on the day Pei Du》 《上元日二首
The fifteenth of the first moon (which is lantern festival in china) Day 2》 《夏日联句》
唐文宗李昂（809年-840年），汉族，唐穆宗第二子，本名涵，长庆元年（821）封江王，唐敬宗之弟。敬宗宝历二年（826年），被宦官王守澄等拥立为帝。他是唐朝第十四位皇帝（去武则天以外，827年-840年在位），在位14年，享年32岁。在位期间，朝臣朋党相互倾轧，官员调动频繁，政权甚至皇帝的废立生杀，均掌握在宦官手中。后起用李训、郑注等人，意欲铲除宦官。大和九年（835年），李训引诱宦官参观所谓“甘露”，企图将其一举消灭，但事情败露，反而导致宦官大肆屠杀朝官，史称“甘露之变”。事后，文宗更被宦官钳制，慨叹自己受制于家奴，境遇不如汉献帝。在位间,去奢从俭,勤于政务,期成名君,但既受制于宦官,又受制于朋党,又再受制于籓镇，开成五年（840年）抑郁病死，死后谥号为元圣昭献孝皇帝。曾用年号：大和 公元827—835年、开成 836—840年；庙号：文宗；安葬地：章陵。
Emperor Tang Wenzong Li Ang (809 -840), the Han, Tang Mu were the second son, whose real name is Han, Changqing first year (821) Wang Jiang Feng, Tang Jingzong brother. Yoshimune Po calendar years (826 years), was crowned as the eunuch Wang Shoucheng other emperor. He was the 14th emperor of the Tang Dynasty (Empress Wu to go outside the 827-year reign -840), reigned for 14 years, at the age of 32 years. Reign, courtiers clique of mutual strife, officials of frequent transfers, government waste legislation and even the emperor's life and death, the hands are the hands of eunuchs. After only use Li Xun, Zheng injection and others, desire to eradicate eunuchs. Japan nine years (835 years), Lee visited the training to lure eunuch so-called "manna" in an attempt to destroy in one fell swoop, but things brought to light, but led to the slaughter Substitution of Jin Dynasty eunuch known to history as "Sweet Dew." Later, Wen-tsung also be clamped eunuch, lamented his subject slaves, situation as Emperor Xian of Han. Reign, the last extravagance from the thrifty, hard-working, ruler of fame, but only subject to the eunuchs, they are constrained by cliques, again subject to winnow basket town, opening into a five-year (840 years) depressive illness, death Posthumous name Yuan Sheng Zhao Xianxiao for the emperor. Have used reign: Japan AD 827-835, the opening into the 836-840 years; Temple name: Wen-tsung; buried: Zhang Ling.
In the absence of a will Xian Di, Wen-tsung ascended the throne ascended the throne in what manner should, Wang Shoucheng not understand. He listened to the Imperial University Shiwei Department thick proposition: first, the name of Jiang Wang declared the rebellion put down the court (which is to illustrate active in the country Jiang Wang), and then again on the table Baiguan advised him to ascend to the throne (which is to illustrate the river Wang ministers of support), then the name of the Empress Dowager issued by ether text books, ordered his designated successor (which is to illustrate the legitimacy of Jiang Wang came to the throne), and then establish a new ruler of the ceremony held in volume. Bao Li Wen-tsung in two on Dec. 10 at the Capital Pavilion Dianwaisufu and Baiguan each other, on the 12th government formally declared the throne hall, on the 13th officially "into service" that is playing on the emperor's wardrobe, the next day reign . 15 Japanese cases of Shaw's own mother said, the appellation Queen Mother (Queen Mu Zongzhen offered). Wen-tsung's reign, Dukes has been the intention of tree worship, but his mother is Min Xiao's who come to Beijing after the parents of premature death, the family only one brother has lost contact. Master of literature search was made official in Fujian, a row of three individuals claiming to be master of literature's uncle, which was also received preferential treatment, but in the end are fake, really lords actually impossible to find. Element and is said, Changqing, the two met in Beijing greeted the people in the street alley, and more "to the liking is Ajiu" master of literature to find exactly what lords and "cooperation is Ajiu," saying the appropriate experience.
Master of literature during the reign of behavior, and Yoshimune than simply worlds apart.
Diligence hearings Wenzong and Yoshimune towards a two or three times a month, let him on the court was held every single day. Towards a very long time, every time that whenever military affair, court personnel to the state treasury from storage, from all over the disaster to the water conservancy, he in anything, and from the major policies and concrete measures, he had detailed discussions with the Prime Minister of the Minister. He requested that the DPRK suspend all kinds of holidays or the time as far as two-day, so as not to affect towards a single day. Wen-tsung also more emphasis on the role played Jianguan, Tai Wo nine (835) in December, master of literature that cast, "admonished the Court of India", has changed into Zoubiao remonstrant chapter also in other sectors to create Zoushi please print leak condition.
Not only promote frugal living frugal master of literature, get rid of Luxurious Atmosphere, he himself personally. Ascended the throne at the beginning, it ordered the release maids, voice too often people all over the additional and rare into the offer and the altar is basically to stop foreign bodies, 5 Place the Chicken Hawk playthings and safari also stops waste things. Never extravagance of his own diet, especially in face of famine in various parts of the time, he is actively reduced meals. October 10th is his birthday, the day was established to "celebrate the completion of Day", master of literature is also not allowed to slaughter cattle, only allowed to eat fruits and vegetables, he also suspended in the south in particular edict Lord Mayor's banquet 100 Qujiang Pool officers and in the palace for him. Wenzong prohibited the subjects as clothing luxury, there has been a very valuable Fuma wearing turbans, he criticized. One time the princess in a dress for the banquet over which he had ordered a two-month salary deduction Fuma money as a punishment. Gui control officer wearing a cloth dress audience with the emperor, Guangxi Guilin area of production control fabric is a cotton wood, cloth, thick, rough, slightly inferior compared to the natural grade silk, master of literature see his clothes on the person is identified Zhong is honest servant. He also did a GUI control fabric clothes, all the officials to follow suit, resulting in price increases announced by the Gui soon. Wenzong wearing plain, once he his courtiers, said: "I clothes have been washed three times." All the people praise Huang Du Mu, "Zhang good poem" Local on the thrift, only Imperial Academy and paternity books Liu public power that the emperor Dominating should be selecting candidates to make peace and harmony, the emperor wearing clothes washed, but only details of life. However, to note that for a feudal emperor thrift is also valuable, historical records also praised his "Gong Jian refined, for nature."
Like reading Wenzong not like music, dance and play, not the past and woman, their listening leisure towards governance, great attention to reading. Wen-tsung had people around, said: "If it is not a night (Chugeng) personally handling government affairs and B in the night (2 more) Ferris books, how to make human monarchy?" So, when he finished with public life after Tuichao on Shoubushijuan.
Master of literature read, it is a profound insight. He regularly by the name of the book Poetry in the matter asked the Minister, the result is often the prime minister asked him to live, not answer. Sometimes, he not only read classic, and very understanding of the poetry of contemporary people. Once, he flowers in the sanctuary, he asked people around: "Now Beijing Peony sung poetry, who wrote the best?" Former Liu Yuxi's "only true national peony color, bloom season, moving the Capital" is known, courtiers told him of the book Scheeren Li Zheng Feng "national colors toward intoxicated liquor, Fantasy Night Ran Yi," saying good, master of literature was very impressed listening. An avid reader of history books usually Wenzong particular, for the history of the name of the monarch he eventually envy. He liked to read because of "Zhen Guan" and admire Wei Zheng, the edict really find the descendants of five-generation descendant of Wei Zheng Wei, Religion, Issues, and the right to appointed Wei, Religion, Issues Supplements, also belong to the Emperor remonstrances of Supervisors. Wen-tsung also liked that he learned of the minister summoned to the palace say about Sutra commentary. Liu was the Imperial Academy as public rights are often summoned to a talk about that for a long time, sometimes in the night chatting unconsciously burn the candle all. He and Liu had left the public right "people Jieku hot, I love summer long. Uptrend from the south, Diange Health and cool earth" couplet.
Since the Han and has become a eunuch Code charge of imperial guards system, the expansion of eunuchs forces with good reason, has not simply eradicated. As the master of literature is a eunuch, his position, so the power of eunuchs is expanding.
Wo years (828) March, master of literature even ordered the system move to virtuous Founder and very bluntly admonished asked to take disability policy. Scholars origin Youzhou Changping (now Beijing), Liu Fei countermeasures, bluntly eunuchs, that the world is overturned, at home and chaos, the country's political crisis are due to result of eunuchs in power, he also discussed the military governors trespassing soldiers, a traitor is king harm caused great shock at the time. As the master of literature has just ascended the throne, infancy, and he who appointed the other measures, but only dared to use Liu Fei. As more and more time in office, he also started to address specifically the right to eunuchs.
Originally, training programs and Li Zheng note buried Wang Shoucheng at the time, requires that all eunuchs are as Wang Shoucheng funeral, then the rate of pregnant Tibetan ax bodyguard stabbed his all. Gong Li and training requirements, but eager to decide the first to start with. Wo nine (835) November 21, ahead of Lee training troops deployed in the palace, and so on towards a master of literature, the false claims after Hall of the Daming Palace Sakingo night dew pomegranate tree (nectar indicate world peace and prosperity and good fortune), to induce Shence Jun Lieutenant Choushi Liang, fish Hiroshi (now the "Old Tang," sometimes mistaken as "fish zu fon" Department), etc. go to Heaven's eunuch in one fell swoop. Unexpectedly, by Chou Shiliang see flaws, they immediately return to the main hall, seized the palace Duo Lu Wen-tsung fled inside straight, the pressure of cross God to immediately after the troops closed palace, the prime minister and court officials on down the killer. Lee posing as the eviction of training, all the way to pretend madness fled to the monastery in Zhongnanshan. Local officials after being arrested, he was escorted to the eunuch in the hands liable to fear humiliation and torture, in the near Capital arrived, they escorted the man on, said: "Now everywhere imperial guards arrested me, because it can be so rewarded. Wait for them to see me certainly will be snatched my hand from you claiming credit as you kill me, with my heads to seek awards more straightforward. "a result, Li Xun killed. Zheng Note and the whole family young and old are Choushi Liang sent Heaven's, nothing to do with the incident about a thousand court officials have been killed. After this incident, eunuchs more domineering, very rude towards the emperor, often insulted, master of literature shame fear harder and harder, do not sound from this. It is said that only when no one living alone, master of literature will be talking to himself: "These types have to kill, I interval monarch and his subjects." Wenzong left a "chariot Road Health spring grass, flower hair when Shanglin. With high He limited means, nothing courtiers know "the poem is a portrayal of the desolate helpless look.
History of the master of literature left such an evaluation: the emperors of the Road, without the emperors only. That is, master of literature Although the diligent can Mian Qin, Xiao-Yi Gan Shi, but their lack of competence of governing the country, and ultimately can not eliminate the scourge. God does not favor the master of literature seems to open into the (836 ~ 840), the plague of locusts around the drought continued, the comet is frequently in the sky, the people of the housing collapse, Tien Miao harvests destroyed, master of literature sent relief deposit ask the people to implement the edict, But as for how much relief to the effectiveness of shortage, he had not attend the. Open into the three years (838) fifth day of the first month, occurred in the capital were assassins attacked the prime minister Shih serious incident. Li Shi of the sword, but it is broken thorn cauda equina, also in the stone, who was not re-injury, but caused great panic in the capital the next day, who often participate in only 9 official entry into it. Open into the four in June, long drought, no rain, pray for rain throughout the angel sent to has not brought the number of encouraging news, master of literature on the prime minister once said that if God does not rain like this, he would retreat to the south within Imperial palace, elect wise Lord, no longer do this emperor. December, Qianling Zong and Empress Wu, the fire occurred, Wen-tsung, the body also appeared unwell. Open into five (840) New Year, master of literature did not receive the ministers of the Asaga, first month, fourth day, master of literature in the Daming Palace of Supreme Harmony has completed 33 years of his life.
AD 809, Tang Mu Li were the second son was born, formerly known as Han Li.
AD 826, Tang Jingzong eunuch Liu Keming Li Zhan, who was killed, Li Wang Shoucheng and others in support of the throne as emperor, is Emperor Tang Wenzong.
In 828 AD, after cross the sea to stay with Li Jie rebellion.
In AD 831, Lulong Jiedushi mutiny.
AD 835, the court eunuchs Minister and intense struggle took place, "Sweet Dew" eunuch Group have affairs of state power.
In 840, Li eunuch good at the right of the shadow of grief.
】 【Concubines children
Prince Zhuang Ke Wang Defei LEE Wing-mother
Jiang Wang Li Zongjian
Xing Tang princess, mother unknown.
Xiping princess, mother unknown.
Photochemical princess, mother unknown, pass away when wide out.
Ning fourth girl princess, mother unknown, pass away when the Northern Sung Painting.