唐代 作者列表
李隆基李世民李治李显李旦
李亨李适李昂李忱李晔
李豫李渊李重茂李诵李纯
李恒李湛李瀍李漼李儇
唐哀帝沈法兴李子通刘黑闼王摩沙
李豫
Li Yu
唐代  (726年779年)
网笔号: 睿文孝武皇帝
庙号: 代宗
陵墓: 元陵
开端终结
在位762年779年
广德763年七月764年十二月
永泰765年元月766年十一月
大历766年十一月779年十二月
阅读李豫
Li Yu在
诗海的作品!!!


诗词《梦黄衣童子歌
Dream in yellow Child cantus》
  

  唐代宗,名李豫(公元726-779年),汉族,初名李俶。唐肃宗李亨长子,肃宗被李辅国惊死后,他继位。在位十八年(762~779),病死,终年53岁,葬于元陵(今陕西省富平县西北30里的檀山)。
  
  【代宗生平】
  唐代宗李豫,原被封为广平王。后进封为楚王。马嵬坡事变后,他随肃宗北上,任为“兵马大元帅”,统帅诸将收复两京,公元758年被立为皇太子。起初,肃宗皇后张良娣与宦官李辅国互相利用,后来却有嫌隙。张皇后想杀李辅国,废掉太子李豫立自己的儿子。公元762年4月,李辅国与程元振将张皇后杀死。肃宗因此被惊死,李辅国于同月拥立他为帝,改年号为“宝应”。
  唐代宗继位后,李辅国以立帝有功,恃此骄横。竟然对代宗说:“陛下只须深居宫中,外面的政事有老奴来处理。代宗虽然心中不满,但慑于他手握兵权,只好委曲求全,尊称他为尚父(可尊尚的父辈),事无大小,都要与他商量后才能决定。不久,代宗乘李辅国不备,派人扮作盗贼刺杀了李辅国,然后假装下令追捕盗贼,并派宫中使者慰问其家属。
  此前,安史叛军再次发生内乱,史思明杀安庆绪,自称大燕皇帝,并于公元759年五月,从李光弼手中,夺取了洛阳,史思明占据洛阳不久,就被自己的儿子史朝义所杀。
  宝应元年(公元762年)十月代宗任命雍王李适为统兵元帅、朔方节度使仆固怀恩为副元帅,又向回纥借兵十万,攻打再次被叛军占据的东京洛阳,史朝义败走莫州(今天河北任丘北),史朝义部将李宝臣、李怀仙、田承嗣等率部相继向唐军投降。广德元年(公元763年)正月,史朝义在众叛亲离的情况下上吊自杀,自此,唐朝完全平定了延续七年零三个月的安史之乱。但是,经过这次战乱,唐朝元气大伤,由强盛转为衰落。东有藩镇割据,西有吐蕃侵扰,北有回纥以马匹高价交换的困难局面。代宗又迷信佛教,怂恿寺院占有许多良田美宅,国家财政经济每况愈下。
  由于讨伐安史叛军的需要,西部的军队大部被撤回,吐蕃乘虚深入内地,大举攻唐,占领了陕西风翔以西,分州以北的十余州,广德元年(公元763年)十月,又占领了奉天(今陕西乾县),兵临长安城下,吓得代宗逃到陕州避难。于是,吐蕃兵占领了长安,他们把唐宗室广武王李承宏立为皇帝,作为自己的统治工具,纵兵焚掠,长安被洗劫一空。
  关键时刻,代宗仓促启用郭子仪为副元帅(雍王李适为挂名元帅),迎击吐蕃。郭子仪积极组织兵力反击吐番。命令长孙全绪率二百骑出陕西蓝田,白天击鼓扬旗,夜晚点火以为疑兵。同时又以数百人化装潜入长安,组织城里人到处传说:“郭令公(即子仪)亲率大军来了!”吐番兵惊恐,不战而走,全部撤离长安。陷落15天的长安被唐军收复。
  公元763年十二月,代宗回到长安,郭子仪伏地请罪,代宗说道:“朕没有及早用卿,所以才到这种地步。”便赐给他铁券(免死牌),在凌烟阁为他画像,以表彰他的兴唐之功。长孙全绪等也被加官进爵。同时削免程元振官爵,放归田里。
  自安史之乱后,唐王朝内部矛盾重重,一波未平,一波又起,广德元年(公元763年),仆固怀恩叛唐,永泰元年(公元765年)八月,仆固怀恩引吐蕃、回纥等共30万大军,约期从华阴趋赴蓝田,直取长安。京师震恐,代宗急召郭子仪,屯驻长安北面的泾阳城,此间仆固怀恩暴病于军中。郭子仪单骑亲说回纥,大破吐蕃,使唐王朝又一次传危为安。
  平定安史之乱有功的唐朝名将郭子仪之子郭暧娶了唐代宗的女儿升平公主为妻。一次,小夫妻发生口角,郭暧气愤之下打了皇帝的金枝玉叶,急不择言地说:“你倚仗你父亲是皇帝吗?我父亲还不愿意当皇帝呢?”听了这句大逆不道之言,公主哭着回宫告状。闻听此言,代宗劝女儿道:“他父亲不爱当皇帝是实情,要不然,天下哪里还姓李!”面对负荆请罪的郭氏父子,代宗安慰道:“儿女闺房琐事,何必计较,老大人权作耳聋,当没听见这回事算了。”郭子仪谢过皇恩,回家后还是把儿子痛打一顿,小两口又和好如初了。
  公元779年5月,代宗病重,急忙诏令太京摄政,不久病死于长安宫中的紫宸内殿。
  
  【后妃子女】
  皇后
  睿真皇后沈氏 沈珍珠
  贞懿皇后独孤氏 独孤贵妃
  妃嫔
  崔贵妃
  崔妃 母韩国夫人杨氏为杨贵妃姐妹,代宗为广平王时,崔氏为王妃,生召王李偲
  子
  李适 唐德宗 母沈皇后
  李邈 郑王 昭靖太子
  均王李遐
  睦王李述
  丹王李逾
  恩王李连
  韩王李迥
  简王李遘
  益王李乃
  隋王李迅
  荆王李选
  蜀王李遡
  忻王李造
  韶王李暹
  嘉王李运
  端王李遇
  循王李遹
  恭王李通
  原王李逵
  雅王李逸
  女
  灵仙公主,夭折。
  真定公主,夭折。
  永清公主,下嫁裴仿(唐玄宗女新平公主之子)。
  齐国昭懿公主,母崔贵妃,先封为升平公主,下嫁郭暧。
  华阳公主,母贞懿皇后(独孤皇后),大历七年出家做道士,号琼华真人。
  玉清公主,夭折。
  嘉丰公主,下嫁高怡,薨于建中年间。
  长林公主,下嫁沈明,薨于元和年间。
  太和公主,夭折。
  赵国庄懿公主,先封为武清公主,又封为嘉诚公主,下嫁田绪,薨于元和年间。赠封赵国公主及谥庄懿。
  玉虚公主,夭折。
  普宁公主,下嫁吴士广(吴士彦)。
  晋阳公主,下嫁太常少卿裴液,薨于大和年间。
  义清公主,下嫁柳杲。
  寿昌公主,下嫁窦克良,薨于贞元年间)
  新都公主,下嫁田华。
  西平公主,夭折。
  章宁公主,夭折。
  乐安公主,下嫁张怙。张父张清娶唐肃宗女郯国公主为妻。
  注:乐安公主在《新唐书》中没有记录。公主身世见于周绍良主编的《唐代墓志汇编 大唐故张府君墓志铭》
  “(驸马都尉张怙)父清,尚肃宗皇帝第五女郯国公主,累迁太常卿、驸马都尉,赠光禄卿。公即光禄府君之元子也。......尚乐安公主,拜朝请大夫,赐紫金鱼袋。公主即代宗皇帝之息女也”。
  
  【年表】
  公元726年,唐肃宗的长子李豫出生。
  公元757年,李豫与郭子仪等大将收服长安和洛阳。
  公元758年,李豫被立为太子。
  公元762年,李豫登基。
  公元763年,安史之乱平息。
  公元763-778年,唐中央政府与吐蕃连年征战,双方耗费巨大。
  公元779年,李豫病死。


  In Tang, name of Li Yu (AD 726-779), the Han, the early name of Li Chu. Tang Suzong Hyung eldest son, Su-tsung's death shocked the country by Li Fu, he succeeded to the throne. Reign of 18 years (762 ~ 779), died, aged 53, buried element Ling (now Northwest Shaanxi Province, 30 in Fuping the Tan Hill).
  Life】 【Daizong
  In Tang Li Yu, the former was given the title King Ping Kwong. Backward labeled the king. Maweipo Incident, he was with the Sukjong north, either as "generalissimo Horses", the commander Zhu Jiang recovered two in Beijing, AD 758, was established as a crown prince. At first, Queen Sukjong eunuch Li Fu Zhang Liangdi and mutual use of the country, there was bad blood. Li Fu Zhang Queen wants to kill the country, destroy Prince Li Yu to establish their own son. AD 762 in April, Lee and Fu-Kuo Chang Cheng Yuanzhen to kill the Queen. So was frightened Sukjong death, Li Fu country in the same month, crowned him emperor, reign changed to "Baoying."
  After the throne in Tang, Li Fu Emperor States to establish active, relies on the arrogant. Even on Daizong said: "His Majesty secluded palace just outside the conduct of public affairs have Laonu to deal with. Daizong despite frustrations, but impressed by his hand military power, had to make compromises, dubbed him Shangfu (Karen's parents still ), no matter the size, should be decided after discussing with him. Soon, Zong-Li Fu country is not prepared by, send thieves posing as the assassination of Li Fu country, and then pretend to order the hunt for thieves, and sent condolences to his family palace envoy.
  Previously, On the recurrence of civil strife in the history of the rebels, killing Anqing Xu Shi Siming, claiming large Yan Emperor, and in AD 759 in May, from Li Guangbi hands captured Luoyang, Luoyang Shi Siming take long, he was killed by his son Shi Chaoyi.
  As the crusade against security needs of the history of the rebels, most of the western army was withdrawn, Tibet trip could indicate depth in the Mainland, massive attack Tang, occupied the west of Shaanxi Fengxiang, ten minutes north of the state state Canton de Dynasty (AD 763) In October, they occupied Mukden (now dry county in Shaanxi), the gates of Chang'an, the frightened Zong-Shan Zhou fled to refuge. As a result, Tibetan troops occupied Chang'an, they have widely King Wu Li Cheng Hongli Tang imperial family for the emperor, as its instrument of rule, Connivance of His Army Fen Lue, Chang'an was looted.
  Critical moment, Daizong hasty opening of Guo Ziyi as Deputy Marshal (Yong Wang Li appropriate for the nominal Marshal), engaged the Tibetan. Guo Ziyi actively organize counterattack Tubo troops. Order to ride out the long-Sun Quanxu rate of 200 Lantian, Shaanxi, Yang Qi drum during the day, night fire that soldiers suspected. Hundreds of people dressed the same time have sneaked into Chang'an, organizations around the city people legend: "Kwek public (ie, sub-meter) personally led a force to come!" Tubo troops frightened to go without a fight, all leave Chang'an. 15-day fall of Tang Jun Chang was recovered.
  AD 763 in December, Daizong back to Chang'an, Guo Ziyi bowed to the ground, confessing his sin, Daizong said: "I did not early use of State, to the point where it was." Rail tickets will be given to him (from death card), in Lingyan Pavilion for his portrait in recognition of his Xing Tang's achievements. Sun Quanxu so long was official promotion into the Jazz. Cheng Yuanzhen official post at the same time cut free, released into the fields.
  Since the Rebellion, the Tang dynasty, the internal contradictions introduced one after another, Canton de Dynasty (AD 763), the Bugu Huai 'en rebellion Tang, Wing Tai Dynasty (AD 765) in August, Bokuko Wynne cited Tibetan, Uighur, totaling 300,000 troops, about to go from Hua Hin Tin becoming straight at Chang'an. Capital shock fear, Zong-Ji Zhao Guo Ziyi, Chang north Jingyang cantonment town, here Bugu Huai 'en sudden attack of a serious illness in the army. Riding Alone for the pro-Guo Ziyi, said Uighur, Tibetan big break to make another pass Tang dynasty is safety risk.
  AD 779 in May, Daizong seriously ill in a hurry too Dahir Regent Beijing, and soon died in the palace of the Capital Pavilion sanctuary Chang.
  】 【Concubines children
  Empress
  Rui Shen Shen's true Pearl Queen
  Chen Yi's Tokgo Royal Empress Tokgo
  Concubines
  Cui Royal
  Ms. Han Guo Cui Fei Yang as Yang Yuhuan mother and sisters, Daizong King Ping is wide, the Cui for the Princess, the Health and Zhao Wang Li Ssu
  Son
  Li, Shen Tang Dezong Fitness Queen
  Li Miao Zheng Wang Zhaojing Prince
  Are Wang Li-ya
  Mu-Wang Li Shu
  Dan Wang Li over
  Yan Wang Lian
  Han Wang Li Jiong
  Jane Wang Li meet unexpectedly
  Wang Nai-Yi
  Sui Li Xun Wang
  荆王 S. Lee
  Lee Soo King Shu
  Xin Wang Li-made
  Shao Wang Li Xian
  Li Jia Yun Wang
  Duan Li met
  Wang Li 遹 through
  Gong Li Tong
  The original Li Kui Wang
  Ya Wang Li Yi
  Female
  Ling Xian princess, died.
  Really be princess, died.
  Yongqing princess to marry Bae imitation (Emperor Ping princess female new son).
  Qiguo Zhao Yi princess, mother Cui Concubine, the Princess first sealed the peace and prosperity, married Guo warming.
  Huayang princess, queen mother of Chen Yi (Tokgo Queen), a monk for seven years doing Taoist Tai Li, No. Qionghua live.
  Yuqing princess, died.
  Jiafeng Gong master to marry Ko Yee, death of a prince in the building between middle-aged.
  Lin princess, married Shen Ming, death of a prince in dollars and years.
  Wo princess, died.
  Zhao Chuang Yi Princess, first labeled Wuqing Gong master, then sealed the Cazenove princess, married Tian Xu, death of a prince in dollars and years. Feng Zhao Guogong owners and posthumous gift Chuang Yi.
  Yuxu princess, died.
  Puning princess, married scholars from Guangzhou (Wu Shiyan).
  Jinyang Princess Pei Shaoqing married too often fluid, pass away in Japan years.
  Yi Qing princess to marry Liu Gao.
  Shouchang princess, married Douke Liang, death of a prince in Zhenyuan years)
  Metropolis princess, married Tian Hua.
  Xiping princess, died.
  Zhang Ning princess, died.
  Lok princess to marry Zhang Guardian. Father Chang Ching-tsung Chang married women Tan Tang Princess wife.
  Note: The Lok princess in the "New Book of Tang" was not recorded. Princess life experience found in Zhou Shaoliang editor of the "Epitaph Epitaph compilation Fu Jun Zhang Tang So"
  "(Fuma Du Wei Zhang Guardian) Father of the Qing, Shang tsung emperor Tan Princess fifth woman, tired to move Tai Changqing, Fuma Du Wei, gift guanglu Qing. Companies that guanglu Fu Jun of Motoko also. .. .... Shang Lean Princess, thanks to the DPRK, please doctor, give purple fish bags. Princess interest that Daizong female emperor also. "
  】 【Chronology
  AD 726, Tang Li Yu was born the eldest son of Su-tsung.
  AD 757, Li-yu and Guo Ziyi and other general rein in Chang'an and Luoyang.
  AD 758, Li Yu was established as a crown prince.
  AD 762, Li Yu throne.
  AD 763, the Rebellion calm.
  AD 763-778, the Tang central government and Tibet after a prolonged war, the two sides costly.
  AD 779, Li Yu died.
    

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