ōu zhōu:   
Greece
  shǒudōu: diǎn  guógūdàimǎ: gr      cháozhèng
希腊
   wèi 'ōu zhōu de dōng nán miàn wéi 131,957 píng fāng gōng rén kǒu yuē wéi 10,964,020 rén diǎn shì de shǒu dōurén kǒu wéi 3,192,606 réndāng shí jiān wéi GMT 2 xiǎo shí gòng guó wéi zǒng tǒng huì zhì gòng guóxiàn rèn zǒng tǒng wéi ruò luó - zǒng wéi - màn guó huìyóu měi nián de xuǎn xuǎn chū 300 wèi chéng yuán
  
     1981 nián zhèng shì jiā 'ōu méngdāng qián huò wéi 'ōu yuán jīng cǎi yóu zhì bìng shòu jīng cái zhèng shì xié diào wěi yuán huì shì mào zhì guī xiàn zhì shì zhè liǎng jīn róng gòu de huì yuán
  
   diǎn wèi chéng
  
     guó jiā háng zhèng guǎn mén
  
     huàfēn wéi 13 háng zhèng men bèi chēng wéi Peripheries( )。 xià bié de háng zhèng chēng wéi Nomos( xiá )。 zǒng gòng yòu 51 xiá zhì ( zài shèng shān zhōu )。
  
     dāng shè Dimos( chénghuò Kinotita( shèmìng míngzǒng gòng yòu 900 chéng 130 shè
  
     tiān qíng kuàng
  
     shǔ zhōng hǎi hòu chōng de yáng guāngwēn de wēn shǎo liàng de jiàng yīn wéi de xíng qiě fēn zài hǎi yáng zhī jiānsuǒ de hòu biàn huà duō zhòng duō yàngxià tiān tōng cháng chēng zuò mài 'ěr de jié xìng wēi fēng tǒng lěng què liǎo dài wēn nuǎn de hòusuī rán shān wēn jiào dōng tiān hòu wēn bàn yòu shǎo liàng xuě tiān dàn shì shān tōng cháng bèi xuě gài
  
  
  
   ào lín
     shǐ zhǎn
  
     zuì zǎo de rén lèi yuán zhuī dào jiù shí shí dài yuē shì gōng yuán qián 12, 000 10, 000 nián
  
     zài xīn shí shí dài yuē shì gōng yuán qián 7, 000- 3, 000 niánshì wén huà de dǐng shèng shí zài sāi dùn luó bēn bàn dǎo děng xiàn hěn duō xīn shí shí dài de
  
     tóng shí dài de yuán yuē shì gōng yuán qián 3000 nián- 1100 niánchū xiàn zài 'ài qín hǎi de shì ( Poliochni zài nuò dǎo de hǎi dǎo)。 dǐng shèng shí zài de qún dǎo zài de dōng běi shì yòu diǎn xíng de wén huà zhǎn de gōng yuán qián 2 qiān nián chū zài de nuò 'ān chū xiàn liǎo yòu zhì de gōng diàn shè huìbìng dǎo zhì liǎo chū wén de chū xiàn zhǎn nuò suǒ gōng diàn wéi zhōng xīn nuò 'ān rén chuàng zào liǎo zhòng tóng dōng zhōng hǎi rén lián de wǎng luò men jiē shòu liǎo dōng zhōng hǎi rén de wén huà yuán bìng duì 'ài qín hǎi dǎo de wén huà zào chéng jué dìng xìng yǐng xiǎng
  
     zài de mài rén yòng shèng tuō de huǒ shān pèn yuán qián 1500 nián zuǒ yòuzào chéng yán zhòng sǔn shī yǐng xiǎng zhè yīn tuō yíng 'ér chūchéng wéi yuán qián 1100 nián shí 'ài qín hǎi de zhùmài rén zài mài chéng、 Tiryns、 luò 、 Gla、 diǎn Iolkos jiàn zào de chéng bǎo gòu chéng liǎo de zhōng xīn zhù wèimài de zuì guī huài shēng yuán qián 1200 zuǒ yòubìng dǎo zhì liǎo mài wén míng de shuāi luò mín xiàng hǎi 'àn sāi de shi mín de zhuǎn
  
     yuē 'èr shì hòu shì jīng wén huà shuāi luò shí jiù shì suǒ wèi de hēi 'àn shí ( gōng yuán qián 1150 nián -900 nián ), suí hòu jìn xíng shí ( gōng yuán qián jiǔ shì shì ), shì wén míng shí de kāi shǐ wén míng shí shì chéng bāng zhì de jiàn de chuàng zào shǐ shī de zhuàn xiě 'ér wéi biāo zhì de ( gōng yuán qián shì ). suí hòu dài shí ( gōng yuán qián shì liù shì ) shì zhù yào shè huì zhèng zhì biàn dòng shí dài chéng bāng dāng shí de shi mín guǎng fàn biān yuǎn bān běi biān zhí hēi hǎinán biān yuǎn zhì běi fēi guó jiāwéi dāng shí dài dǐng shèng shí xià liǎo chǔ dài shí de diǎn ( gōng yuán qián shì shì ) shì diǎn wén huà zhèng zhì yōu shì ; zhè yàng de chéng zhì gōng yuán qián shì de hòu chēng wéi dehuáng jīn shí dài”。 gōng yuán qián 404 nián , zài luó bēn zhàn zhēng zhōng diǎn shī tǒng zhì 'ér gào zhōng
  
     zài gōng yuán qián 4 shì jiānxīn de liàng yǒng xiànfěi 'èr shì de 'ér shān dùn rén zài kāi shǐ bàn yǎn zhùjué shān de yuǎn zhēng dào dōng fāng zhēng zhàn lǐng yìn jìn de cóng 'ér gǎi biàn liǎo xiàn jīn xíng chéng de shì jiè yīn wéi shān de wáng chuàng de guó zài hòu dài rén zhōng bēng jiě liǎodǎo zhì zài zhī hòu de shí dài zhōngjiàn wáng guó miàn de shèng hánggōng yuán qián 3 shì dào gōng yuán qián 1 shì )。 zài zhè jiān de chéng shì hái dōu bǎo liú xiē zhù quándàn men diū shī liǎo hěn duō men zhī qián de quán wēi xìnluó rén zài gōng yuán qián 146 nián duì zuì zhōng de wán quán zhàn lǐng shǐ zhè guó jiā bìng liǎo luó guó de bǎn zài luó tǒng zhì jiān ( gōng yuán qián 1 shì dào gōng yuán 3 shì ), duō luó huáng dōushì wén huà de qīn pèi zhěbìng qiě yǒu hǎo de jìn chéng shì de zhǎn bié shì diǎntōng guò chuán dào zhě bǎo luó zài gōng yuán qián 1 shì jiān de háng jiàozhè xīn de zōng jiào xìn 'áng zhú jiàn de zhǎn dào zhěng
  
     xiàn zài duō de yóu zhě dào láidōu zài shù bǎi kǎo zhì kàn dào shǐ cóng jiù shí shí dài dào luó shí dài deshǒu yìn”, fēn zài de de kǎo guǎn shōu cáng shì
  
     kāng tǎn dīng jué dìng luó guó de shǒu dōu cóng luó qiān dào jūn shì tǎn dīng bǎo ( gōng yuán 324 nián ), cóng 'ér guó jiā de liàng zhuǎn dào guó de dōng zhè qiān dōu biāo zhì zhe jìn liǎo bài zhàn tíng guó shí dài de chū zài 1204 nián hòudāng jūn shì tǎn dīng bǎo bèi shí jūn gōng xiàn men fàng liǎo fēn fāngyīn wéi wēi rén rèn wéi wèile kòng zhì mào tōng dàoài qín hǎi zhàn liǎo zhàn lüè wèi zhì ( hǎi dǎo huò yán hǎi chéng shì )。 1262 nián jūn shì tǎn dīng bǎo de yóu bài zhàn tíng rén zài shōu biāo zhì zhe zuì hòu jiē duàn de guó shí dài de cún zàicóng 14 shì 'ěr mín zhú jiàn de kāi shǐ liǎo zhàn lǐng guó de fēn, 1453 nián jūn shì tǎn dīng bǎo bèi 'ěr rén gōng xiàn。 1669 nián dǎo shì 'ěr rén jiāng zhàn lǐng de de zuì hòu fēn yuē zài suí hòu de shì bèi 'ěr rén zhàn lǐngzhí dào 1821 nián zhàn zhēng de bào
  
     hěn duō niàn bēi cóng bài zhàn tíng shí 'ěr guó shí bǎo cún dào xiàn zài bài zhàn tíng shì - bài zhàn tíng shì de jiào táng sēng dào yuàn 'ěr shì jiàn zhù rén de bài zhàn tíng lán shì de chéng bǎohái yòu shì yàng de niàn bēiděng děngdōu bǎo liú zhe men de fēng
  
     1830 nián zhàn zhēng de jiēguǒ biāo zhì zhe de wáng guó de xíng chéngrán 'érguó miàn shí fēn yòu xiànzài 19 shì 20 shì chū jiānsuí zhe rén kǒu de zēng jiā guó zhú wán zhěng。 1920 nián shì jiè zhàn hòu de guó dào liǎo zuì de xiàn yán shēnzǒng wéi luó de gòng xiàn yóu wéi chū gēn dāng shí de xíng shì zài 'èr shì jiè zhàn jié shù shí duō qún dǎo bìng
  
     1974 niánzài 7 nián de zhuān zhèng hòuyóu quán gōng mín biǎo jué tōng guòguó jiā cóng jūn zhù xiàn zhì zhuǎn biàn chéng gòng zhì ;1981 nián chéng wéi 'ōu gòng de zhèng shì chéng yuán guó
  
     gōng gòng wèi shēng
  
     wèile què bǎo yào de shēn jiàn kānglái 'ōu méng guó jiā wàng dào yóu de yóu zhě suí shēn xié dài 'ōu zhōu shēn jiàn kāng zhèng míng( EHIC) huò zhě rèn yóu dāng shè huì 'ān quán de quán wēi mén qiān de xiāng guān de zhèng míng
  
     yīn gòng xià xiāng guān de zhì liáo
  
     1 dào xiá de IKA( shè huì 'ān quán xié huìjiàn kāng ménlián yuànhuò zhě shēng bàn gōng shì jiē shòu zhì liáo
  
     2. fāng mén zhěn qián de xiāng cūn mén zhěnhuò zhě dào gōng yuàn de jiàn kāng zhōng xīn
  
     3. tóng yuàn de mén zhěn mén
  
     wèile què bǎo yào de shēn jiàn kānglái 'ōu méng wài guó jiā de háng zhě dào yóu qián yào cān kǎo dāng de shè huì 'ān quán mén de gòng xiāng guān xìn
  
     jǐn jiù zhù diàn huà
  
     jiù chē: 166
  
     SOS: 1016
  
     zhí bān yuàn mén zhěn: 1434
  
     zhòngdú jiù: 2107793777
  
     yào fāng: 1434
  
     jiǔ jīng huò yǐn jiù zhù xiàn: 2103617089


  Greece is located in southeastern Europe, an area of 131,957 square kilometers and a population of about 10,964,020 people. Athens is the capital of Greece with a population of 3,192,606 people. Local time is GMT +2 hours. President of the Hellenic Republic is a parliamentary republic. Incumbent President is: card if Ross - Karolos Papoulias, the Prime Minister as: Alex Freitas - Karamanlis, Parliament: once every four years by the election of 300 members.
  1981 Greece formally joined the European Union. The current currency is the euro. Greek economy to free enterprise system, and coordinated by the Economic and Fiscal Affairs Committee and the WTO rules and restrictions, Greece is a member of the two financial institutions.
  Acropolis
  National administrations
  Greece is divided into 13 administrative regions, which are known as Peripheries (District). The next level of administrative region is called the Nomos (area). Where a total of 51 districts and one autonomous region (in the holy state).
  Local communities, Dimos (City) or Kinotita (Club) named a total of 130 900 Town and community.
  Weather
  Greece has a Mediterranean climate and abundant sunshine, mild temperatures and little rainfall. Because the rugged terrain of Greece and the distribution between the mainland and the ocean, so there's a variety of climate change. Summer is usually referred to as "迈尔特米亚" seasonal wind system cooling the warm subtropical climate, although the mountains the temperature is lower. Winter climate is mild, with small amount of rain and snow, but the mountain is usually covered with snow.
  Olympia
  History
  Greek origins can be traced to the earliest Paleolithic humans (about 12,000-10,000 years BC)
  In the late Neolithic Age (about 7,000-3,000 BC) was the heyday of Greek culture. In Thessaly, Macedonia, Peloponnese peninsula and other regions have found that many Neolithic cemetery.
  The origin of the Bronze Age (about 3000 BC -1100) of an urban area in the Aegean Sea (Poliochni an island in Lemnos). Peak in Crete, mainland Greece and the Greek Islands Kick Gladys northeast, is typical of the cultural development of the region. 2 thousand years BC, the early emergence in Crete Minoan palace of organized society, and led to the emergence and development of the initial text. The Knossos palace as the center, Minoan people created a human connection with the network of the Eastern Mediterranean, they accepted the cultural elements of the Eastern Mediterranean, and the Greek mainland and the Aegean islands, causing a decisive influence on the culture.
  Mycenaean Greek mainland people use 克里特圣托里尼 volcanic eruption (yuan before 1500 or so) a serious loss of this factor, emerged as the Yuan period before the 1100 Aegean region's dominant. In Mycenaean Mycenaean city, Tiryns, Pylos, Thebes, Gla, Athens and the construction of the castle Iolkos Nigeria constitute the center of the tin dominance. The largest damage was Mycenaean element pre 1200 or so, and led to the decline of Mycenaean civilization, and a large number of immigrants to the coast of Asia Minor and Cyprus (the first Greek colony) of the transfer.
  During the 4th century BC, the emergence of new forces. Philip II and his son, Alexander, the Macedonians began to play a leading role in Greece. Alexander's expedition to the East and the conquest of the Indian occupation of the area near the river has changed the world now has formed a pattern. Because Alexander's death, he founded the empire among his descendants collapse, resulting in the Greek era after the establishment of an independent Kingdom, the prevalence of the situation (3rd century BC to 1st century BC). During this period, the Greek cities also have to retain some autonomy, but before they lost a lot of their rights and prestige. The Romans in 146 BC, the complete occupation of Greece, the Greek final this country into a large map of the Roman Empire. In Rome during the reign (1st century BC to the 3rd century AD), most of the Roman emperor who are the admiration of Greek culture, and promote the Greek city-friendly development, especially in Athens. Through the Apostle Paul in the 1st century BC, during the trip. Christianity, the gradual development of the new religion to the whole Greece.
  Now many tourists come to Greece can be seen at the behest of hundreds of Greek archaeological history from the Paleolithic to the Roman era of the "fingerprints", distributed in various regions of Greece, the archaeological museum and the collection room.
  Many monuments from the Byzantine period and saved the Turkish Empire to the present, for example, Byzantine and Post - Byzantine churches and monk homes, Turkish architecture, Byzantine and charming French-style castle, and all kinds of monuments , and so have had their own style.
  1830 results mark the Greek War of Independence the formation of the independent Kingdom of Greece, however, very limited land area. In the late 19th and early 20th century period, with the increase in the population of Greece, the Greek territory gradually complete. In 1920, after World War I, the land of Greece has been an extension of the maximum limit, the Prime Minister 维尼泽罗斯 The contribution of the outstanding. Greek form of the then end of the Second World War combined with the Dodecanese Islands.
  In 1974, after 7 years of dictatorship, a vote by all citizens, the state transition from a monarchy into a republic; 1981, Greece became a full member of the European Community.
  Public Health
  In order to ensure the necessary health, from the European Union countries want tourist to travel to Greece to carry proof of good health in Europe (EHIC) or any authority by the local department of social security issue related to the legal proof.
  Therefore, Greece can provide the following treatment:
  1. To the jurisdiction of the IKA (Social Security Institute) Health Sector (United Hospital) or doctor's office for treatment.
  2. Local clinic (formerly Village clinic) or public hospitals to health centers.
  3. Contract hospital outpatient departments.
  In order to ensure the necessary health, travelers from countries outside the EU before traveling to Greece to refer to the local social security departments to provide relevant information.
  Emergency Response
  Ambulance: 166
  SOS: 1016
  Duty of hospitals and clinics: 1434
  Poisoning: 2107793777
  Prescription: 1434
  Alcohol or drug help line: 2103617089
 

pínglún (0)