shǐ history  shǐ xiǎo shuō a historical novel  diǎn xiǎo shuō classical novels  jīng shū Confucian classics  xiǎo shuō píng jiàn Novel Pingjian  shī píng shǎng Poetry Pingshang  yǐng shì film and television  yīnyuè music  jiàn shēn gymnastics workout  jīng shāng zhí guǎn Commercialism Zhiguan  rén wén shè Human culture Sheke  bǎi xué hundred ology 

  zhèng shǐ history books written is biographical style  biān nián Annalistic  zài Set record  bié shǐ historical records on facts  shǐ Miscellaneous History  guān zhí office  zhèng shū Political books  shǐ lùn shǐ píng a historical treatise historiography  shì běn commentary the whole course of an event from beginning to end  zhào lìng zòu imperial decree memorialize the emperor  tōng shǐ comprehensive history  duàn dài division of history into periods  shì jiè shǐ World History  shū xìn epistle

    yuèdòu 正史 zuòpǐn!!!


   shǐ: historyhistorical
  
   guǎng shǐ guān shì jiè yùn dòng zhǎn de guò chéng fēn wéi rán shǐ rén lèi shè huì shǐ liǎng fāng miàn
   xiá shǐrén lèi shè huì shēng zhǎn de guò chéng
   shǐ xuéyán jiū shǐ de xué wènjiǎn chēng shǐ xué shǐ de gài niàn xiāng duì yìng shǐ xué yòu guǎng xiá zhī fēn
   guǎng shǐ xuéshì jiè shàng qiē xué dōukě chēng wéi shǐ xué
  ( men jǐn jǐn zhī dào mén wéi de xué shǐ xué héng héng ēn
   xiá shǐ xuéyán jiū rén lèi shè huì wǎng yùn dòng zhǎn guò chéng de xué wèn
   shǐ xué
   tōng cháng men jiāng zhù de shǐ xué chēng zhī wéi shǐ xuéyīn wéi zhè shì zài wéi shǐ guān xué lùn zhǐ dǎo xià de shǐ xuéér wǎng de shǐ xué cóng gēn běn shàng lái shuōhěn duō dōuméi yòu chāo chū shǐ wéi xīn lùn de fàn chóu
   shǐ shǐ xué de guān
   shǐshì guān cún zài de shì shízhēn xiāng zhǐ yòu rán 'ér jìzǎi shǐyán jiū shǐ de xué wèn què wǎng wǎng suí zhe rén lèi de zhù guān shí 'ér biàn huà zhǎn wán shànshèn zhì yòu wāi niē zàozhèng yīn wéi dāng nián shì cái shuō:“ shǐ jiù xiàng xiǎo niàn 'ài zěn me bàn jiù zěn me bàn。” zhè de shǐ yán shuō láiyīnggāi shì xiá shǐ xué de hán yīn guó dài yōu xiù de shǐ xué jiā men bié zhòng shìshǐ héng héngshàn 'è shū”、“ zhèng”, tōng shuōjiù shì shí shì qiú shì gōng zhèng guān fēn lùn duàn
  
   yuán
  “ shǐ zài zhōng guó dài zhǐ shǐ guānzhuàn wén zhōng xiě wéi“”( jiàn ), shèn zàishuō wén jiě zhōng shuō:“ shǐ shì zhě cóng yòu chí zhōngzhōngzhèng 。”
  “ shǐ chū xiàn qīng
  
   shǐ zhè zài yīng zhōng wéi History, zài zhōng wéi Histoire, èr zhě tóng chū de Histria, běn wéizhēng wèn”、“ wèn 'ér zhī zhī”。
  
  
  
  
   guó wài duì shǐ de jiě shì
  ( ) rán jiè rén lèi shè huì de zhǎn guò chéng zhǐ mǒu zhòng shì de zhǎn guò chéng huò rén de jīng
  ( èr ) guò de shì shí , guò shí de shì zhè jiàn shì zǎo chéng wéi shǐ
  ( sān ) duì guò shì jiàn de jìzǎi , yán , lái ; shì
  ( ) jìzǎi jiě shì zuò wéi liè rén lèi huó dòng jìn chéng de shǐ shì jiàn de mén xué
  ( ) shū míng zhàn zhēng shǐ》。 shǐ xué jiā luó duō zhùquán shū gòng jiǔ juànqián juàn zhù yào zhuī shù 'āi lún běn de shǐhòu juàn shù zhàn zhēng de yīn jīng guòzhǐ gōng yuán qián 479 niánshū shàng yòu duō shén huà chuán shuō jìn xìndàn shū wéi 'ōu zhōu zhòng yào de shǐ zhù zuò
  ( liù ) rén de ; jīng
  ( ) duì xíng chéng wèi lái de jìn chéng yòu yǐng xiǎng de shì jiàn
  ( shǐ jìzǎizhēng zhě měi huà de gōng
  ( jiǔ shǐ de zhēn shíwǎng wǎng huì suí zhe shí jiān de tuī zài yǎn biàn
  
  
  
   shǐ xué de gōng yòng fāng
  
   shǐ xué de gōng yòng
   yīng guó shī rén xuě lāi céng zhè yàng xiě dào:“ shǐshì zài shí jiān shàng de shǒu huí xuán shī。”
   shǐ wǎng wǎng huì jīng rén de xiāng zài chū xiàn cóng guò wǎng xiāng shìde shǐ shì jiàn zhōng jīng yàn jiào xùn yòng rén de zhì huì yìng duì jīn tiān de xiàn shí shēng huó 'àn shìxué yán jiū shǐ
   yīn shǐ xué jiù yòu liǎo zuì zhòng yào de gōng yòng héng héng jīng shì zhì yòng
   wèi jīng shìzhì guó jiāzhì shè huì wèi zhī jīng shì wèi zhì yòng zhī suǒ xuéhuà zhī suǒ yòng wèi zhī zhì yòng
  “ shǐ wéi jiàn”,“ shǐ míng zhìdōuzài qiáng diào zhe shǐ xué de xiàn shí zhǐ dǎo zuò yòngduì rénduì mín duì rén lèi de shì bāng zhù
   dāng mín chéng wéi néng gòu cóng shǐ zhōng duàn liàng duàn kǎo duàn chuàng xīn duàn fǎnxǐng de mín shí jiāng shì zhěng qiúnǎi zhì zhòu zhī
  
  
  
  
   shǐ xué fāng
   shǐ xué zǒng de yào qiú shì jiǎng qiú fāng gāo xiào yào qiú shì shí chǔ chū zhòng diǎn kǎoshàn zhì shí zǒng jiéchù lèi bàng tōngxún jiàn jìnxiàolǜ
   shǐ xué yào zhǎng sān zhòng zhī shízhāng jié zhī shí jié gòuzhuān zhī shí jié gòu lùn zhī shí zhōngzhāng jié zhī shí shì chǔxià miàn shuō xià xué de fāng
  1、 wén xiǎo shì jiào cái de zhù nèi róng zhōng shì xué de zhòng zhōng zhī zhòngzhǎng shǒu xiān shì yào ”、 bèi yào bèiyìng”。 qiáng diàozài jiě de chǔ shàng shì zhèng què dedàn jiě néng dài jiě yào shēn jiě zhī shí zhǎng shǐ shì jiàn de nèi jié gòu wài lián fēn shǐ shì de biǎo céng xiàn xiàng nèi hán běn zhì wèi yuán deshī zhì xiǎng miàn biǎo shì xué fāng qīn lüèyǐn hán de de shìqiáng guó”; èr shì tóng gài niàn zhī jiān de yǐn xìng lián yáng pài chéng liǎo kàng pàishī cháng de xiǎngbìng kuò liǎo xué fāng de nèi róngdàn liǎng pài dōubù dǒng liǎng piàn zhàn zhēng shī bài de gēn běn yuán yīn shì xiǔ luò hòu de fēng jiàn zhì gèng dǒng wǎn jiù mín wēi wáng de gēn běn chū zài gǎi biàn zhè zhì zhè yào jué de yǐn xìng lián 。“ xiǎo shì duì de yán shēn chōng gèng xiáng shí shì qíng kuàng zhǎng zhī shí xìng shùnóng suō chéng yào diǎnqíng jié xìng miáo shùzhuǎn huà wéi xìng rèn shíguān diǎn jié lùn xìng fēn tóng děng zhǎng
  2、 biǎo wén xiàn liào shì xué de zhòng yào nèi róng zhǎng zhù liǎng diǎn shì zhòng shǐ shì jiànxiàn xiàng xiāng lián néng gòu fǎn yìng shí dài zhēng shǐ yǎn biàn shì de èr shì duì zhōng nèi róngshǒu xiān zhǎng jiào cái shù de nèi róngwén xiàn liào shì shí lüè de nèi rónggāo kǎo duì jiào cái wén xiàn liào de mìng shù duàn gāoduì jiào cái wén xiàn liào yào dǒngèr yào fēn zhèng wén de guān sān yào néng shuō míng fǎn yìng liǎo shénme xiàn xiàng wèn
  3、 zhù shì shì zhāng jié zhī shí xué de zhòng diǎn zuò liú lǎn shì zhǎng dàn zài mǒu xiē zhuān zhī shí de liè zhōng yòu de zhòng yào wèi zhì guài zhàn zhēngshì zhù shì nèi róng fàng dào suí jìng zhèng zhè zhī shí jié gòu zhōng kàn chū shì yīng suí jìng zhèng zài zhàn shí de zǒng zhīshàng shù zhòng jiào cái zhī shíxué shí yào yòu qīng zhòng huǎn yòu yào zhù diǎn piān fèi
   zǒng zhīyào zhù běn shǐ shízài chǔ shàng duàn zǒng jiézhù jiāng lùn shǐ shí jié lái duàn gāo de fēn jiě néng
  
  
  
   zhōng guó shǐ cháo dài gōng yuán duì zhào jiǎn biǎo
  
   cháo dài dōu chéng jīn
   xià yuē qián 2070 héng yuē qián 1600
   yáng chéng nán dēng fēng
   shāng yuē qián 1600 héng yuē qián 1046 nán zhèng zhōu
   yīn nán 'ān yáng
   zhōu zhōu yuē qián 1046 héng qián 771 gǎo jīng shǎn 'ān
   dōng zhōu qián 770 héng qián 256 luò nán luò yáng
   qín qián 221 héng qián 206 xián yáng shǎn xián yáng
   hàn hàn qián 206 héng gōng yuán 25 cháng 'ān shǎn 'ān
   dōng hàn 25 héng 220 luò yáng nán luò yáng
   sān guó wèi 220-265 luò yáng nán luò yáng
   shǔ 221-263 chéng dōu chuān chéng dōu
   222-280 jiàn jiāng nán jīng
   jìn 265-315 luò yáng nán luò yáng
   dōng jìn 315-317 luò yáng nán luò yáng
   shí liù guó dōng jìn 317-420 jiàn kāng jiāng nán jīng
   shí liù guó 304-439 héng héng
   nán cháo sòng 420-479 jiàn kāng jiāng nán jīng
   479-502 jiàn kāng jiāng nán jīng
   liáng 502-557 jiàn kāng jiāng nán jīng
   chén 557-589 jiàn kāng jiāng nán jīng
   běi cháo běi wèi 386-534 píng chéng shān tóng
   luò yáng nán luò yáng
   dōng wèi 534-550 běi lín zhāng
   běi 550-577 běi lín zhāng
   wèi 535-557 cháng 'ān shǎn 'ān
   běi zhōu 557-581 cháng 'ān shǎn 'ān
   suí 581-618 xīng shǎn 'ān
   táng 618-907 cháng 'ān shǎn 'ān
   dài
   shí guó hòu liáng 907-923 biàn nán kāi fēng
   hòu táng 923-936 luò yáng nán luò yáng
   hòu jìn 936-946 biàn nán kāi fēng
   hòu hàn 947-950 biàn nán kāi fēng
   hòu zhōu 951-960 biàn nán kāi fēng
   shí guó 902-979 héng héng
   sòng běi sòng 960-1127 kāi fēng nán kāi fēng
   nán sòng 1127-1279 lín 'ān zhè jiāng háng zhōu
   liáo 907-1125 huáng dōu
  ( shàng jīng ) liáo níng
   lín yòu
   xià 1038-1227 xīng qìng níng xià yín chuān
   jīn 1115-1234 huì níng 'ā chéng ( hēi lóng jiāng )
   zhōng dōu běi jīng
   kāi fēng nán kāi fēng
   yuán 1206-1368 dōu běi jīng
   míng 1368-1644 nán jīng běi jīng
   tài héng héng zōng
   qīng zài gōng yuán 1616 nián míng wàn shí nián jiàn guó hào jīnjiàn dōu 'ā hòu qiān dōu shěn yáng 1636 gǎi guó hào wéi qīng, 1644-1912 dōu chéng zài běi jīng
   zhōng huá mín guó 1912-1949 nán jīng jiāng nán jīng
   zhōng huá rén mín gòng guó 1949 nián 10 yuè 1 chéng shǒu dōu běi jīng
   zhù
  ① yuē gōng yuán qián 14 shì pán gēng qiān dōu yīn hòu shāng chéng wéi yīn
  ② gōng yuán qián 841 nián ( zhōu gòng yuán nián ) wéi zhōng guó shǐ què qiē nián de kāi shǐ
  ③ bāo kuò wáng mǎng jiàn dexīnwáng cháo ( gōng yuán 8 nián héng 23 nián )。 wáng mǎng shí bào guī de nóng mín jiàn liǎo nóng mín zhèng quángōng yuán 23 niánxīn wáng mǎng zhèng quán miè wánggōng yuán 25 niándōng hàn wáng cháo jiàn
  ④ zhè shí zài guó běi fāngxiān hòu cún zài guò xiē fēng jiàn zhèng quán zhōng yòuhàn ( qián zhào )、 chéng ( chéng hàn )、 qián liánghòu zhào ( wèi )、 qián yànqián qínhòu yànhòu qín qínhòu liángnán liángběi liángnán yàn liángběi yànxià děng guó shǐ shàng jiào zuòshí liù guó”。
  ⑤ zhè shí chú hòu liánghòu tánghòu jìnhòu hànhòu zhōu wàihái xiān hòu cún zài guò xiē fēng jiàn zhèng quán zhōng yòuqián shǔ yuèchǔmǐnnán hànjīng nán ( nán píng )、 hòu shǔnán tángběi hàn děng guó shǐ shàng jiào zuòshí guó”。
  
  
  
  
  
   zhōng guó dài de 'èr shí shǐ
  
   hào shū míngzuò zhějuàn shù
  1 shǐ hàn qiān 130
  2 hàn shū dōng hàn bān 100
  3 hòu hàn shū nán cháo fàn 120
  4 sān guó zhì jìn chén shòu 65
  5 jìn shū táng cháo fáng xuán líng děng 130
  6 sòng shū nán cháo liáng shěn yuē 100
  7 nán shū nán cháo liáng xiāo xiǎn 59
  8 liáng shū táng cháo yáo lián 56
  9 chén shū táng cháo yáo lián 36
  10 wèi shū běi wèi shōu 114
  11 běi shū táng cháo bǎi yào 50
  12 zhōu shū táng lìng fēn děng 50
  13 suí shū táng wèi zhēng děng 85
  14 nán shǐ táng yán shòu 80
  15 běi shǐ táng yán shòu 100
  16 jiù táng shū hòu jìn liú děng 200
  17 xīn táng shū sòng cháo 'ōu yáng xiūsòng 225
  18 jiù dài shǐ sòng xuē zhèng děng 150
  19 xīn dài shǐ sòng 'ōu yáng xiū 74
  20 sòng shǐ yuán cháo tuō tuō děng 496
  21 liáo shǐ yuán tuō tuō děng 116
  22 jīn shǐ yuán tuō tuō děng 135
  23 yuán shǐ míng cháo sòng lián děng 210
  24 míng shǐ qīng cháo zhāng tíng děng 332
   zhù 1920 nián shào mǐn zhuànxīn yuán shǐtuō gǎomín guó shí nián( 1921 nián zǒng tǒng shì chāng xīn yuán shǐwéizhèng shǐ”, èr shí shǐ chēngèr shí shǐ”。
   shǐ nán xué
  
   shì jiè shǐ shì nián biǎo
  
  14-15 shì 'ōu zhōu chū xiàn běn zhù méng
  14 shì cháo xiān wáng cháo jiàn
  14 16 shì 'ōu zhōu wén xīng yùn dòng
  1487- 1488 shì yuǎn háng dào fēi zhōu nán yán hǎi
  1492 lún yuǎn háng dào měi zhōu
  1497- 1498 yuǎn háng dào yìn
  1519- 1522 mài zhé lún chuán duì huán qiú háng háng
  16 shì zǎo yìn 'ér guó jiàn
  1520- 1570 'ōu zōng jiào gǎi
  1566- 1581 lán mìng
  1600 yīng guó dōng yìn gōng jiàn
  17 shì chū lán qīn yìn yīng kāi shǐ zài běi měi lüè duó shi mín chuān kāi shǐ tǒng zhì běn
  1640 yīng guó chǎn jiē mìng kāi shǐ
  1688 yīng guó guāng róng mìng chǎn jiē xīn guì de tǒng zhì què
  17 shì yīng chéng wéi fàn mài de zhù yào guó jiā
  1689 é guó shì kāi shǐ gǎi
  17 shí hòu bàn guó shí kāi shǐ gǎi
  17 shí hòu bàn niú dùn xué què
  18 shì zhōng shì féi liè 'èr shì gǎi
  18 shì zhōng hòu 'ào léi huáng yuē gǎi
  18 shì 60 nián dài yīng guó gōng mìng kāi shǐ
  1775- 1783 běi měi zhàn zhēng
  1776 běi měi huì biǎo xuān yán》, xuān měi jiān zhòng guó
  1785 de gǎi liáng zhēng tóu shǐ yòng
  1789 7 guó chǎn jiē mìng kāi shǐ
  1792. 9 lán gòng guó chéng
  1793. 6- 1794。 7 guó bīn pài zhuān zhèng
  1794 guó yuè zhèng biàn
  1799 lún dòng yuè zhèng biàn
  1804 hǎi xuān
  1804 lún chēng lán guó kāi shǐ
  1810- 1826 dīng měi zhōu fǎn duì bān shi mín tǒng zhì de yùn dòng
  1815 wéi díquè
  1830 guó yuè mìng
  1831, 1834 guó 'áng gōng rén
  19 shì 30 nián dài zhèng míng liǎo diàn gǎn yìng xiàn xiàng
  1836- 1848 yīng guó xiàn zhāng yùn dòng
  1844 zhì gōng rén
  1848. 2《 gòng chǎn dǎng xuān yán biǎo
  1848- 18491848 nián 'ōu zhōu mìng
  1853- 1856 zhàn zhēng
  1857- 1859 yìn mín
  19 shì zhōng 'ěr wén chuàng shēng jìn huà lùn xué shuō
  1861 é guó nóng zhì gǎi
  1861- 1865 měi guó nèi zhàn
  1864 guó chéng
  1868 běn míng zhì wéi xīn kāi shǐ
  1870- 1871 zhàn zhēng
  19 shì 70 nián dài chū tǒng zuì zhōng wán chéng
  1871 zhì tǒng zuì zhōng wán chéng
  1871. 3- 5 gōng shè
  19 shì 70 nián dài 'èr gōng mìng kāi shǐ
  1881- 1899 dān fǎn yīng
  1882 'ào sān guó tóng méng xíng chéng
  19 shì 80 nián dài guó zuì zhōng què liǎo duì yuè nán de tǒng zhì
  1889 'èr guó jiàn
  19 shì 20 shì chū zhù yào běn zhù guó jiā wán chéng xiàng guó zhù guò
  20 shì chū shì jiè shi mín zuì zhōng xíng chéng
  20 shì chū 'ài yīn tǎn chū xiāng duì lùn
  1903 é guó shè huì mín zhù gōng dǎng 'èr dài biǎo huì
  1905- 1908 yìn mín jiě fàng yùn dòng de gāo zhàng
  1907 yīng 'é xié yuē de zuì hòu xíng chéng
  1910 běn zhèng shì tūn bìng cháo xiān
  1910- 1917 chǎn jiē mìng
  1914- 1918 shì jiè zhàn
  ( 20 shì chū dào 20 shì 90 nián dài
  1917.11.7( é 10 yuè 25 ) é guó shí yuè shè huì zhù mìng
  1918. 11 guó shí yuè mìng bào
  1918- 1922 yìn mín jiě fàng yùn dòng gāo zhàng
  1919- 1922 'ěr kǎi 'ěr mìng
  1919. 3. 1 cháo xiān sān yùn dòng
  1919. 3 xiōng wéi 'āi gòng guó jiàn
   gòng chǎn guó jiàn
  1919. 1- 6 huì
  1921. 11- 1922。 2 huá shèng dùn huì
  1922. 10 suǒ zài shàng tái
  1922. 12 lián chéng
  1925. 10 luò jiā nuò huì
  1929- 1933 běn zhù shì jiè jīng wēi
  1931. 9. 18 běn guó zhù qīn huá de jiǔ shì biàn
  1933. 1 zài guó shàng tái
  1933. 3 luó jiù rèn měi guó zǒng tǒngshí háng xīn zhèng
  1935 gòng chǎn guó dài biǎo huì
  1935- 1936 āi sāi 'é kàng qīn lüè de mín jiě fàng yùn dòng
  1936- 1939 bān fǎn duì de mín mìng zhàn zhēng
  1937. 7. 7 zhōng guó quán miàn kàng zhàn zhēng de kāi shǐ
  1938. 9 hēi huì
  1939. 8 qīn fàn tiáo yuē
  1939. 9 'èr shì jiè zhàn quán miàn bào
  1940. 6 guó tóu jiàng
  1940 qiū liè diān zhī zhàn
  1940. 9 sān guó tóng méng tiáo yuē qiān dìng
  1941. 6 zhàn zhēng bào
  1941. 12 tài píng yáng zhàn zhēng bào
  1941 qiū yáng xiàn zhāng
  1942 chūlián guó jiā xuān yánxíng chéng fǎn tóng méng
  1942 bǎo wèi zhàn
  1942. 6 zhōng dǎo zhàn
  1942. 7- 1943。 2 lín zhàn
  1943. 12. 1 zhōng měi yīng biǎokāi luó xuān yán
  1943. 11- 12 měi yīng háng hēi lán huì
  1944. 6 měi yīng jūn duì zài nuò màn dēng ōu zhōu 'èr zhàn chǎng kāipì
  1945. 2 měi yīng háng 'ěr huì
  1945. 5. 8 guó qiān dìng tiáo jiàn tóu jiàng shū
  1945. 9. 2 měi yīng háng tǎn huì běn qiān dìng tiáo jiàn tóu jiàng shū
  20 shì shí nián dài sān mìng kāi shǐ
  1945. 10 lián guó jiàn
  1947 měi guó chū mén zhù
   yìn fēn zhìyìn tǎn
  1948 liè jiàn zhōng dōng zhàn zhēng bào
   měi guó kāi shǐ shí shī xiē 'ěr jìhuà
  1949 běi yáng gōng yuē zhì jiàn
  1949. 10. 1 zhōng huá rén mín gòng guó jiàn
  1950- 1953 měi guó qīn lüè cháo xiān zhàn zhēng
  20 shì 50 nián dài chū- 70 nián dài chū běn zhù jīng zhǎn shǐ shàng de huáng jīn shí
  1954《 guān huī yìn zhī píng de nèi xié qiān
  1955 fēi guó jiā zhào kāi de wàn lóng huì
   huá shā tiáo yuē zhì chéng
  1956 lán nán shì jiànxiōng shì jiàn
   'èr zhōng dōng zhàn zhēng shì yùn zhàn zhēng
  1959 mìng shèng
  1960 fēi zhōu yòu 17 guó jiā zhè nián bèi chéng wéifēi zhōu nián
  20 shì 60 nián dài chū jié méng yùn dòng xíng chéng
  20 shì 60 nián dài chū- 1973 měi guó qīn lüè yuè nán de zhàn zhēng
  20 shì 60 nián dài zhōng shí guó tuán chǎn shēng
  20 shì liù shí nián dài zhōu chū xiàn jīng zhǎn xùn de guó jiā
  1967 ōu zhōu gòng tóng chéng
  1968 lián chū bīng zhàn lǐng jié luò
  1971 zhōng guó zài lián guó de wèi dào huī
  1972. 2 měi guó zǒng tǒng sōng fǎng huáshàng hǎi gōng bào biǎo
  1973 měi guó zàiguān zài yuè nán jié shù zhàn zhēnghuī píng de xié shàng qiān
   zhōng dōng zhàn zhēng
  1979 zhōng měi jiàn jiāo
  20 shì 80 nián dài dōng 'ōu biàn
  1991 lián jiě
  1992 běi měi yóu mào xíng chéng
  1993 ōu zhōu lián méng jiàn
  1994 běi měi yóu mào zhèng shì chéng
  1997 dōng nán bào jīn róng wēi
  1999 běi yuē hōng zhà nán lián méng gòng guó
  2003 měi guó qīn
  
   wèishénme yào yán jiū shǐ
   shǒu xiānyán jiū shǐ mǎn rén lèi de hàoqí xīn shì shuí cóng láizhè dàn shì zhé xué wèn shì shǐ wèn huí zhè xiē wèn jiù yán jiū shǐrén lèi de hàoqí xīn shì rén lèi zhǎn de zhòng yào dòng zhōng rán bāo kuò duì guò de hàoqí xīn
   yán jiū shǐ miǎn men chóngxīn zǒu qián de wān piàn zhàn zhēng men bài liǎo me men yòu méi yòu néng yíngjié lùn shì men néng yíngyīn wéi men jīng zhěng luò hòu liǎo shì wèishénme yīcháng zhù dìng yào bài de zhàn zhēng men hái yào yīn wéi dāng shí zhōng guó rén de shǐ xiàn xìng men zài kāi zhàn qián rèn shí dào dìng huì shū de jiēguǒ piàn zhàn zhēng hòudāng shí de zhōng guó rén rèn zhēn zǒng jié liǎo shǐ jiào xùn liǎo mexiǎn rán méi yòu shì cái yòu hòu miàn de 'èr piàn zhàn zhēng de shī bàizhōng zhàn zhēng bài 'ér bàijiá zhàn zhēng de cǎn bài guó lián jūn zhī zhàn de shī bài děng liè de shī bàizhōng guó miàn duì liè qiáng shī bàiér běn wèi zhàn jiù rán hòu tōng guò míng zhì wéi xīn fèn qiángxùn jué miàn duì xiàn dài huà de běn zhī suǒ néng chū hěn xiǎo de dài jià jiù huò hěn de chéng guǒjiù shì yīn wéi men kàn dào liǎo zhōng guó de cǎn bàirèn shí dào fǎn kàng de hòu guǒsuǒ cǎi liǎo mào shí gèng zhù dòng de zhèng
   men fàn guò cuò wèicǐ men dān liǎo zhěng zhěng 138 nián de shí jiān( 1840-1978), me men miǎn zhè zhòng cuò de zài shēng men yán jiū shǐ háng meshuō wài huà rèn wéi zhōng guó jìn dài de duàn dài dìng chéng 1840-1949, gǎi chéng 1840-1978 gèng qiàdàng
   qiánzhōng huá mín zhèng chǔyú xīng jiē duànzhè xīng men shì néng zài chuàng zào hàntángkāng yōng qián yàng de qiáng shèng shí dàihái shì zhǐ néng chuàng zào jìnyuán chū yàng de duǎn zàn xīng shèng shí dài men yīnggāi xiào fǎng hàntángkāng yōng qián de shénme miǎn jìnyuán chū shí dài de shénme yán jiū zhè xiē wèn háng me
   wèishénme yán de běn zhù de shuāi luò hái méi yòu dào láifǎn 'ér zài měi guó bào liǎo qiáng de shēng mìng wèishénme lián jiě bìng fàng liǎo shè huì zhù běn zhù zěn me liǎoshè huì zhù zěn me liǎowèishénme zhǐ yòu 'ōu zhōu shì yán zhe zhù shǐ guān miáo shù de yuán shǐ shè huì - shè huì - fēng jiàn shè huì - běn zhù shè huì zhè yàng de zhǎn shùn ér shì jiè mín dōuméi yòu wán zhěng de yán zhe zhè tiáo zhǎn zhù de shǐ zhǎn guānshì rén lèi zhǎn de guī hái shì jǐn jǐn shì zài 'ōu zhōu de zhōng guó de fēng jiàn shè huì 'ōu zhōu de fēng jiàn shè huì yòu hěn de chā zhōng guó de 'ā dōng nán defēng jiàn shè huì zhēn de shì fēng jiàn shè huì me
   zhèng men néng yīn wéi míng qīng hái yòu jiā jiù shuō míng qīng hái shì shè huì yàng men néng yīn wéi sòng dài jiù yòu suǒ wèi běn zhù méng jiù shuō zhōng guó jiù dìng néng zhù chǎn shēng běn zhù shè huìshè huì zhù shì men cóng guó wài xué lái dexiàn zài men yòu zhèng zài xué wài lái de běn zhù shè huì de shēng chǎn fāng shì háng wéi guī fànshèn zhì men de dào yědōu zài xiàng běn zhù kào lǒng me běn zhù shè huì zhù néng zài men guó jiā róng mezhè liǎng wài lái de guǒjià jiē zài men zhè qiān nián de lǎo shù shàngzuì hòu néng yòu shénme jiēguǒ
   hán tái wān de zhǎn xiàn shí biǎo míng běn zhù néng gòu zài yòu qiān nián chuán tǒng de dōng guó jiā chéng gōngshèn zhì běn lái yīnggāi gèng yòu yōu shì zhǎn běn zhù de yìn nán měiběi fēi gèng chéng gōngyuán yīn shì shénme men yīnggāi jiè jiàn shénme men chuán tǒng wén huà zhōng de shénme yīn dǎo zhì men dōng guó jiā gèng róng zhǎn běn zhù
   shàng dōushì men wèishénme yào yán jiū shǐ de yuán yīn


  History: history historical
  General History: the objective world sports development process, can be divided into natural history and the history of human society both.
  Narrow History: place in human society, the development process.
  History: the study of history, learning, short history. Correspond with the concept of history, history also has broad and narrow sense.
  General History: All the world can be called scientific history.
  ("We just know that a unique scientific, or historical science." - Marx, Engels)
  Narrow sense of history: the study of the development of human society in the past movement of knowledge.
  History of science:
  Usually we will call the Marxist history of science history, because it is under the guidance of scientific theory of historical materialism, history, and past history fundamentally, many do not go beyond the scope of the history of idealism.
  The relationship between history and history:
  History, is an objective fact, there is only one truth. However, recorded history, history of knowledge is often subjective as the human sense of change, development of a sound, even with distortion and fabrication. Because of this, the year before Hu said: "History is like a little girl, love how you dress on how dress." Where "history" is, strictly speaking, should narrow the meaning of history. As a result, our best historians of ancient special attention to "the history of Germany" - "good and evil must book", "Analysis of Li Ju Zheng", generally, of seeking truth from facts recorded, fair and objective analysis of argument.
  Etymology
  "History" means the official historian of ancient Chinese characters. Zhuanwen write to "" (see photo), Xu Shen in "Shuo Wen Jie Zi" said: "History, notes were also. From another holding. Of being also."
  "History" is the term appeared in the late Qing Dynasty.
  History of the word in English for the History, in French as Histoire, with two out of the Greek Histria, its original meaning as a "sign asked," "asked with knowledge."
  Abroad on the "historical" interpretation of the term
  (A) of the nature and development of human society, but also refers to the development of certain things or personal experience.
  (B) the fact that, out of date things. Example: This issue has already become history.
  (C) the record of past events, history, history; Events.
  (D) record and explain the process of human activity as a series of historical events of a discipline.
  (E) title. That "the history of Greek Persian War." Ancient Greek historian Herodotus book. The book is nine volumes, the former principal recalled four volumes of Egypt, Babylon, Persia, Lydia, Scythian and Greek local history, after the five-volume description of the causes of war between Greece and Persia, and through, and ends at 479 BC. The book there are many myths and legends mixed, not entirely credible. But this book is the first important European historical writings.
  (F) personal resume; experience
  (7) on the formation of future events that affect the process of
  (8) historical records, conqueror beautify their own tools.
  (Ix) the truth of history, often evolving over time.
  Function and methods of history
  History function
  English poet Shelley once wrote: "History is engraved in time and memory on a swing poem."
  History, it is often a remarkable similarity again, how similar historical events from the past lessons learned? How to use the wisdom of the ancients meet today's real life? The answer is that the learning of history.
  As a result, history will have its most important function - the Society.
  What is The World? Committed to the State, committed to the community that the economic world; What Pragmatism, as I shall have learned of that I used for the Practical.
  "Look," "Reading Shi Mingzhi" ... ... have emphasized the guiding role of the reality of history, the individual, the nation of human inspiration and help.
  When a nation be able to continue to draw strength from the history, and continue, continue to innovate and reflect the ethnic identity, it would be the whole earth, and even a blessing to the universe.
  Learning history
  History The general requirement is the emphasis on learning ways to improve efficiency. Specific requirements is to play solid foundation, focused; independent thinking, good question; timely summary of analogy; step by step, the efficiency of the first.
  History learning to master the three kinds of knowledge: knowledge structure section, thematic structure and theory of knowledge, where knowledge is the foundation chapter. Specifically about the following learning methods:
  1, the text big, small print, is the main content of textbooks, which "characters" is the top priority of learning. Control characters, first of all remember to remember "dead" back to back "hard." Emphasized that "in understanding the basis of memory," undoubtedly correct, but understanding can not replace memories. Second, to understand deeper. Understanding of knowledge, that is, grasp the historical events of the internal structure and external linkages, distinguish the history and meaning of things, the nature of surface phenomena. Such as Wei Yuan's "Prostitutes" thinking, literally meaning the study of the table and resist Western aggression, the implicit aim is to "power"; second is the hidden links between different concepts, Westernization inherited resistance to school "learning Technology "thinking, and expand the content of learning the West, but the two parties do not understand the root causes of the failure of the two Opium Wars is decadent and backward feudal system, but do not know how to save the nation from peril fundamental way out is to change the system, which To tap the hidden links. "Small print" is an extension and supplement large print, it is more specific, detailed, depending on the circumstances control: knowledge account, condensed into a point; plot description, into rational knowledge; view concluding analysis, and the characters the same master.
  2, tables, maps and literature are an important part of learning. Map grasp two points, one with major historical events, phenomena linked to reflect the characteristics of the times and historical trends in the evolution of the map; the second is the figure, the first thing to grasp the content of materials covered. Review of literature is easy to ignore when the contents of teaching literature on the college entrance examination proposition technology continues to improve. On the teaching of literature, one to read, second, analysis of the relationship between the body, three to be able to explain the phenomenon and problems reflect what.
  3, chapter notes are not the focus of knowledge and learning can be used for browsing-type control, but in some special knowledge of the sequence has its important position. Such as "strange war" is the comment content, put it to appease the knowledge structure, we can see that it is the British and French policy of appeasement in the war continued. In short, the knowledge of several textbooks, learning that should be prioritized, and pay attention to their characteristics, can be neglected.
  In short, we must remember the basic facts, constantly sum up on this basis, attention will combine theory with historical facts, and constantly improve their analysis and understanding.
  AD control dynasties in Chinese history summary table
  Start and end dynastic capital of this land
  Summer 2070 BC - about pre-1600
  Henan Dengfeng Yangcheng
  Business ① about before 1600 - before about 1046 mm Zhengzhou
  Anyang Yin
  Weeks before the Western Zhou Dynasty about 1046 - Top 771 ② Gao Jing Xi
  Eastern Zhou Dynasty 770 - 256 Luoyi former Luoyang, Henan
  Pre-Qin 221 - 206 BC Xianyang Xianyang
  Han Han ③ 206 BC - AD 25, Xi'an Chang'an
  25-220 Eastern Han Luoyang, Henan Luoyang
  San Guowei 220-265 Luoyang Luoyang
  221-263, Chengdu, Sichuan Chengdu, Sichuan
  Wu 222-280 Jianye, Nanjing, Jiangsu
  Western Jin Dynasty 265-315 Luoyang Luoyang
  Luoyang, Henan Luoyang Jin 315-317
  16 Nanjing, Jiangsu China Eastern Jin 317-420 Jiankang
  16 States ④ 304-439 - -
  Southern Song Dynasty 420-479 Jiankang Nanjing
  Qi 479-502 Jiankang Nanjing
  Liang 502-557 Jiankang Nanjing
  Jian Kang Chen in Nanjing, Jiangsu 557-589
  Shanxi Datong Pingcheng Northern Wei 386-534
  Luoyang Luoyang
  534-550 Eastern Wei Lin Zhang Ye Pei
  Lin Zhang Ye Pei Qi 550-577
  Xi'an Chang'an Western Wei 535-557
  Northern Zhou 557-581 Xi'an Chang'an
  Sui Hing Xi'an 581-618
  Xi'an Chang'an Tang 618-907
  Five
  Ten Girder 907-923 Bian Kaifeng
  Later Tang 923-936 Luoyang Luoyang
  Houjin 936-946 Kaifeng Kaifeng
  Later Han 947-950 Bian Kaifeng
  Later Zhou Dynasty 951-960 Kaifeng Kaifeng
  Ten ⑤ 902-979 - -
  Northern Song Kaifeng Kaifeng 960-1127
  Hangzhou Linan Song 1127-1279
  Royal Liao 907-1125
  (To Beijing) Liaoning
  Balin Right Banner
  Xingqing House Yinchuan, Ningxia Western Xia 1038-1227
  Gold 1115-1234 will Ninga City (Heilongjiang)
  Both Beijing
  Kaifeng Kaifeng
  Most of Beijing Yuan 1206-1368
  Beijing, Nanjing Ming 1368-1644
  Taizu - Si cases
  Clear that in the year 1616 the establishment of Ming Dynasty 40 years, the country money, a capital in the Early Qing, later moved the capital of Shenyang, in 1636 changed its title to the Qing capital in Beijing ,1644-1912
  Republic of China, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Nanjing 1912-1949
  The People's Republic of China on Oct. 1, 1949 establishment of the capital Beijing.
  Note:
  ① About 14 BC the world Jipan Geng moved the capital to Yin, since business has become Yin.
  ② 841 BC (the first year of the Western Zhou Republic) for the precise dating of the beginning of Chinese history.
  ③ including the Wang Mang established the "new" dynasty (AD 8 years -23 years). Wang Mang period, the outbreak of large-scale peasant uprising, the regime established farmers. AD 23, the new regime destruction of Wang Mang. 25 AD, the establishment of the Eastern Han Dynasty.
  ④ this period, in northern China, there has been some of the feudal regime, including: Chinese (Han Zhao), Cheng (Cheng Han), the former cool, after Zhao (Wei), the former Yan, Former Qin, Later Yan, Later Qin , Xiqin, after the cool, cool South, Northern Liang, Nam Yin, Western Liang, Northern Yan, summer and other countries in history, called "16 States."
  ⑤ this period, in addition to Later Liang, Later Tang Dynasty, Houjin, after the Han, Later Zhou Dynasty, but also there has been some of the feudal regime, including: Wu, Former Shu, Wu and Yue, Chu, Min, Southern Han, Jingnan (Nanping), Shu , Southern Tang, Northern Han and other countries in history, called "Ten."
  Ancient China Twenty-Four Histories
  Serial number | title | author | Volumes
  Sima Qian's Records of the Western Han Dynasty 130 1
  2 100 Han Han Ban
  Fan Ye, after 3 120 Southern Han
  Western Jin Chenshou 4 of the Three Kingdoms 65
  130 5 Book of Jin Tang Fang Xuanling etc.
  6 Songshu Nan Liang Shen towards 100
  7 South Korea Liang Xiao Qi Shunan child was 59
  8 Liang Shu Tang Yao Silian 56
  9 Chen Shu Tang Yao Silian 36
  Qi Wei Wei Shu received 10 114
  11 Li Tang Wei is 50 per drug
  12 weeks, so the book 50 Fen Tang Ling Hu Germany
  13 of the Sui Tang Wei Zheng, etc. 85
  14 Nanshi Tang Li Yanshou 80
  History of Tang Li Yanshou 100 15 North
  16 Old Houjin Liu Xu Tang, 200
  17 New Tang Xiu Song, Song Qi 225
  18 Old Five Dynasties Song Xue Ju Zheng, etc. 150
  19 new Five Dynasties Song Xiu 74
  496 20 Sung Yuan Tuotuo etc.
  21, 116, etc. History of the Liao Yuan Tuotuo
  22, 135, etc. The History of Yuan Tuotuo
  23, 210 Yuan Dynasty Ming Lian, etc.
  History of the Ming Qing Zhang Tingyu 24 of 332
  Note ︰ 1920, Ke Shao Zhimin Writing "new Yuan Dynasty" finalized, Republic of the Decade (1921) president Shichang "new Yuan Dynasty" to "official history", and "Twenty-Four Histories," collectively, the "Twenty-five Histories."
  Difficult to learn history, ah.
  Chronology of World History
  The Emergence of Capitalism 14-15 Century Europe
  Late 14th century to establish the Joseon Dynasty
  14-16 century European Renaissance
  1487-1488 Dias voyage to reach the southern coast of Africa
  Voyage of Columbus reached America in 1492
  1497-1498 Vasco da Gama arrived in India voyage
  1519-1522 Magellan Global Navigation fleet
  Early 16th century Indian Mughal Empire
  Reformation in Western Europe 1520-1570
  1566-1581 Netherlands revolution
  1600 established the British East India Company
  Indonesia invaded the early 17th century, the Netherlands, France, Britain and the Netherlands began to plunder colonies in North America; Tokugawa shogunate ruled Japan started
  1640 bourgeois revolution in Britain began
  1688 Glorious Revolution of England, the rule of the bourgeoisie and the establishment of the new aristocracy
  17th century Britain and France to become the slave trade in the major countries
  1689 Peter I began to reform in Russia
  17, half of the time Louis XIV of France began to reform
  17 timing system of the latter half of the establishment of Newtonian mechanics
  Mid-18th century, Frederick II of Prussia reform
  Austria in the late 18th century Queen and Joseph reform Teresia
  18th century British industrial revolution began 60 years
  1775-1783 American War of Independence
  1776 North American Continental Congress issued a "Declaration of Independence," declared independent United States of America
  1785 watts of improved steam engine in use
  1789.7 French bourgeois revolution began
  1792.9 French First Republic was established
  1793.6-1794. 7 French Jacobins dictatorship
  1794 France Thermidorian
  1799 Napoleon launched "Brumaire coup"
  Haiti declared independence in 1804
  1804 Napoleon proclaimed himself emperor of the French First Empire beginning
  1810-1826 Spanish colonial rule in Latin America against the independence movement
  1815 Vienna system Establishment
  1830 July Revolution in France
  1831,1834 uprising of workers in Lyon, France
  19 30s Faraday proved that the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction
  1836-1848 British Chartist
  German workers uprising in Sicily in 1844
  1848.2 "Communist Manifesto"
  1848-18491848 revolution in Europe
  1853-1856 Crimean War
  1857-1859 Indian National uprising
  Mid-19th century Darwinian theory of biological evolution, creation
  1861 reform of serfdom in Russia
  1861-1865 U.S. Civil War
  First International was established in 1864
  1868 Meiji Restoration, Japan began
  1870-1871 Franco-Prussian War
  70 early 19th century Italian unification finally completed
  Completed the ultimate reunification of Germany in 1871
  1871.3-5 Paris Commune
  19th century 70's second industrial revolution
  1881-1899 苏丹马赫迪 major uprising against the British
  1882 Triple Alliance Germany, Italy and Austria formed
  80 19th century France finally established the rule of Vietnam
  1889 establishment of the Second International
  Late 19th early 20th century, the major capitalist countries have completed the transition to imperialism
  Early 20th century, the colonial system ultimately form the World
  Einstein theory of relativity early 20th century
  Second Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1903 Congress
  1905-1908 Indian national liberation movements
  Russian Convention of 1907 Anglo-French final form
  1910, Japan formally annexed Korea
  Bourgeois revolution in Mexico 1910-1917
  1914-1918 First World War
  (20th century to 20th century, 90s)
  1917.11.7 (Russian calendar October 25) October Socialist Revolution in Russia
  Revolution broke out in Germany in November 1918.11
  1918-1922 upsurge of national liberation movement in India
  Ataturk revolution in Turkey 1919-1922
  1919.3.1 Korea 31 Sports
  1919.3 established the Soviet Republic of Hungary
  The establishment of the Communist International
  1919.1-6 Paris Peace Conference
  1921.11-1922. 2 Washington Conference
  1922.10 Mussolini came to power in Italy
  1922.12 set up the Soviet Union
  1925.10 Locarno Conference
  1929-1933 economic crisis in the capitalist world
  1931.9.18 Japanese imperialist invasion of China on September 18 Incident
  1933.1 Hitler came to power in Germany
  1933.3 Roosevelt became President, the implementation of the New Deal
  Seventh Congress of the Communist International in 1935
  1935-1936 invasion of Ethiopia against the Italian national liberation movements
  1936-1939 national revolutionary war against fascism in Spain
  1937.7.7 China, Sino-Japanese War began a comprehensive
  1938.9 Munich Conference
  1939.8 Non-Aggression Pact Soviet Union and Germany
  1939.9 outbreak of World War II
  1940.6 French surrender
  1940 Autumn Battle of Britain
  1940.9 Germany, Italy and Japan sign treaty of alliance
  1941.6 Soviet-German War broke out
  1941.12 Pacific War
  Autumn 1941, the Atlantic Charter
  Early 1942, "Declaration by United Nations" anti-fascist alliance formed
  1942 Battle of Moscow
  1942.6 Battle of Midway
  1942.7-1943. 2 Battle of Stalingrad
  1943.12.1 in the United States and Britain issued the "Cairo Declaration"
  1943.11-12 Su Meiying meeting held in Tehran
  1944.6 American and British forces landed in Normandy, opening a second front in Europe
  1945.2 Su Meiying at the Yalta Conference
  1945.5.8 Germany signed the unconditional surrender
  1945.9.2 Su Meiying Potsdam Conference held in Japan signed the unconditional surrender
  Four or five years of the 20th century scientific and technological revolution began the third
  1945.10 The United Nations established
  1947 Truman Doctrine, the United States
  Partition of India, India, Pakistan's independence
  1948, Israel established the first Middle East War
  The United States launched the Marshall Plan
  North Atlantic Treaty Organization established in 1949
  1949.10.1 The People's Republic of China established
  1950-1953 Korean War, the U.S. invasion
  50 -70 early 20th century capitalist economic development in the history of the early golden era
  1954 "on the restoration of peace in Indochina in Geneva Agreement" signed
  1955 Bandung Conference held in Asian and African countries
  Warsaw Treaty Organization was established
  1956 Poznan, Poland, the event, Hungary events
  The second Middle East war (Suez War)
  1959 victory of Cuban revolution
  1960, 17 countries in Africa, the independence of that year called "Year of African independence"
  Early 20th century, 60 the formation of the Non-Aligned Movement
  60 early 20th century the United States invasion of Vietnam War -1,973
  The mid-20th century, 70 G-60 produced
  Sixties and seventies of the 20th century rapid economic development of Asian countries and regions
  1967 established the European Community
  Soviet troops occupied Czechoslovakia in 1968
  1971 China's legitimate status in the United Nations be restored
  1972.2 U.S. President Richard Nixon visited China, the Shanghai Communique
  1973 United States "on ending the war in Vietnam, to restore peace agreement" signed
  The Fourth Middle East War
  1979 Sino-US relations
  The late 20th century collapse in Eastern Europe 80
  In 1991 the Soviet Union
  Formation of the North American Free Trade Area in 1992
  1993 establishment of the European Union
  1994 formally established the North American Free Trade Area
  1997 financial crisis in Southeast Asia
  1999 NATO bombing of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
  2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq
  Why Study History:
  First, the study of history can satisfy human curiosity. Who am I? I come from? This is not only a philosophical issue, but also the question of history. How to answer these questions, we must study history. Human curiosity is an important driving force of human development, which naturally includes the curiosity of his past.
  We made mistakes, for which we delay a full 138 years (1840-1978), then how can we prevent this error from happening again? What we do not study history lines? To tell the way, I think that the dating of modern China, with its fixed into 1840-1949 than into 1840-1978 is more appropriate.
  At present, the Chinese nation is in a renaissance, the renaissance, we are able to re-create a Han, Tang, as the prosperity of the Kangxi era, or just to create a Western Jin Dynasty, the early Yuan Dynasty, as the short-term prosperity of the times? We should follow the example of the Han, Tang, Kangxi, Yongzheng and what? To avoid the Western Jin Dynasty, the early Yuan Dynasty era what? Not examine these issues, line What?
  Why Marx predicted the decline of capitalism, yet to come, but the outbreak in the United States a powerful vitality? Why did the Soviet Union and give up a socialist? How the capitalist? How a socialist? Why only Europe is the extension of the Marxist view of history described in a primitive society - the slave society - feudal society - the development of capitalist society, so the order of the world other people are not extend the full development of this road? Marxist view of historical development, laws of human development or just a special case in Europe? China's feudal society and feudal society in Europe is very different from China's (and the Arab, Southeast Asia) is a feudal society, feudal society really What?
  As we can not have slaves in Ming and Qing, said Ming or slave, we can not because there is the Song called "Seeds of Capitalism" said China will certainly be able to independently produce a capitalist society. Socialism is learned from abroad, and now we are learning outside the capitalist mode of production and social norms, even our legal system, moral system are all closer to capitalism, then capitalism and socialism can What in the integration of our country? That the two foreign fruit, grafting in our five thousand years old trees, the last to have any results?
  Japan and South Korea and Taiwan, the development of reality shows that capitalism can have thousands of traditional success of East Asian countries, and even more advantages over the original 应该 the development of capitalism in India, South America, North Africa, more successful, why? What should we learn? Our traditional culture of the causes that we facilitate the development of the capitalist countries in East Asia?
  The above are reasons why the study of history.



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