Around 1270 AD, a new dynasty was established in the Abyssinian highlands under Yekuno Amlak who deposed the last of the Zagwe kings and married one of their daughters. According to legends, the new dynasty were male-line descendants of Axumite monarchs, now recognized as the continuing Solomonic dynasty (the kingdom being thus restored to the biblical royal house).
Under the Solomonic dynasty, the chief provinces became Tigray (northern), Amhara (central) and Shewa (southern). The seat of government, or rather of overlordship, had usually been in Amhara or Shewa, the ruler of which, calling himself nəgusä nägäst (king of kings, or Emperor of Ethiopia), exacted tribute, when he could, from the other provinces. The title of nəgusä nägäst was to a considerable extent based on their direct descent from Solomon and the queen of Sheba; but it is needless to say that in many, if not in most, cases their success was due more to the force of their arms than to the purity of their lineage.
First Solomonic period (1270–1527)
Invasion of Gragn (1527–1543)
Great Oromo migration (1543–17th c.)
Ottoman Invasion (1557–17th c.)
Gondarine dynasty (1606–1755)
Zemene Mesafint (1755–1855)
Second Italo-Abyssinian War (1935–1936)
Italian East Africa (1936–1941)
East African Campaign (World War II) (1941)
Italian guerrilla war in Ethiopia (1941–1943)